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SingulierPluriel Masculine CeluiCeux Féminin CelleCelles Celui, Celle, Ceux, and Celles all mean the one. Ceux and Celles can also mean these or those.

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Présentation au sujet: "SingulierPluriel Masculine CeluiCeux Féminin CelleCelles Celui, Celle, Ceux, and Celles all mean the one. Ceux and Celles can also mean these or those."— Transcription de la présentation:

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2 SingulierPluriel Masculine CeluiCeux Féminin CelleCelles Celui, Celle, Ceux, and Celles all mean the one. Ceux and Celles can also mean these or those. They never stand alone - They are often followed by a preposition or a relative pronoun such as qui, que, dont or de. A demonstrative pronoun takes the place of a demonstrative adjective and a noun. They agree in gender and number with the nouns they replace.

3 Les Exemples: Ce stylo bave, je vais chercher qui est dans mon tiroir. Cette jupe est trop longue, mets de vendredi soir. Voici tes devoirs, que tu revisais pour lexamen. As-tu vu mes lunettes, en strass? Jai trouvé une bague sensationnelle, dont je rêvais toujours. celui celle ceux celles celle This pen leaks; Im going to get the one in my drawer. That skirt is too long, put on the one (you wore) Friday night. Here are your assignments, the ones you were reviewing for the test. Have you seen my glasses, the ones with the rhinestones? I found a great ring, the one Ive always dreamed of.

4 The attachment of –ci or –là directly to the demonstrative pronoun creates contrast or emphasis. Elle naime pas vélo-, elle préfère fleurs- sont des marguerites des anémones. ceciCelui-là CesciCelles-là She doesnt like this bike; she prefers that one. These flowers are daisies; those are anémones.

5 To translate the one who/which, the ones who/which, use Celui qui/que Celle qui/que Ceux qui/que Celles qui/que Use qui if it is the subject, que if it is the object Quel appartement? Celui qui est au troisième étage. Quel appartement? Celui que nous avons vu hier.

6 Celui and all its other friends (celle, ceux, celles) are used with dont to refer to a person/thing when you want to say – the one of which. You get dont when there is the preposition de. Celui and all its other friends (celle, ceux, celles) are used with où to refer to a place – the one in which or the one where. You get où when you are talking about a place. Cest celui dont je vous ai parlé. This is the one (that) I spoke to you about. À quel magasin vas-tu? À celui où il y a des soldes. Which store are you going to? To the one where the sales are.

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8 Refers back to a noun that functions as the subject of the verb. The subject can be a person – then qui = who or that The subject can be a thing – then qui = which or that It also replaces an indirect object after the preposition IF it is a person. Comment sappelle la femme qui parle au prêtre? Voici le colis qui est arrivé hier. C'est la femme avec qui je travaille. Whats the name of the woman whos talking to the priest? Here is the parcel that arrived yesterday. That's the woman with whom I work. (That's the woman I work with.)

9 Qui is used in proverbs to replace celui qui. Qui can also be used in certain archaic idiomatic expressions to replace ce qui. Rira bien qui rira le dernier Qui plus est Qui pis est Qui mieux est He who laughs last laughs best Whats more Whats worse Whats better

10 Que refers back to a noun functioning as the direct object of the verb. If the direct object is a person, que = whom or that If the direct object is a thing, que = which or that Que is sometimes used to replace où after certain expressions of time. Cest une femme que je ne connais pas. Cest le colis que jattendais. Lannée que je reviendrai. Its a woman whom I dont know. Its the package that I was waiting for. The year when I return.

11 Où means where or when. It replaces a preposition and a form of lequel. Cest une région dans laquelle je voyage souvent. Cest une région où je voyage souvent. Le jour où je suis né Lannée où on sest connu. Its a region where I travel often. The day (when) I was born. The year (when) we met.

12 Quoi is used after a preposition and means what. Je sais de quoi il sagit. Je sais à quoi vous avez pensé. Je sais sur quoi il écrit. I know what it is about. I know what you thought about. I know what he is writing about.

13 Ce qui means what and that which. Ce qui is used as the subject of the clause when there is no antecedent. It never refers to a person, only to things or a whole phrase/idea. It replaces qui when no noun object is present. Comprenez-vous ce qui se passe? Ce qui est arrivé est presque impossible. Do you understand what is happening? What happened is almost impossible.

14 Je ne comprends pas ce que vous dites. Ce quil écrit est difficile à comprendre. Ce que is used as the object of a verb in a relative clause when there is no antecedent. It never refers to people, only things, whole phrases, or ideas. It also replaces que if there is no noun object present. I dont understand what you are saying. What he writes is difficult to understand.

15 Cest ce dont je rêvais. Ce dont replaces ce que if the unnamed object is introduced by the preposition de. Ce dont can only refer to a thing or an idea, like ce que. Ce à quoi replaces ce que if the unnamed object is introduced by the preposition à. It also can only refer to an idea or thing. Dis-moi ce à quoi tu penses. Its what I was dreaming of. Tell me what youre think about.

16 Celui and all its other friends (celle, ceux, celles) are used with qui and que to refer to people. Quels locataires? (tenants) Ceux qui sont au-dessus de nous.


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