2 -er verbsVerbs are words which express:actionsstates of being
3 The InfinitiveThe infinitive is the verb form which is not inflected to reflect:personnumbertense
4 The Infinitive The infinitive is preceded by TO in English: To look To ListenIt is the verb form before it is conjugated.
5 The Infinitive A Stem An ending The infinitive in French consists of : regard ermang er
6 InfinitiveThere are 3 groups of REGULAR verbs in French: verbs ending with -ER = 1st group verbs ending with -IR = 2nd group verbs ending with -RE = 3rd group
7 conjugationVerbs are called REGULAR when they all follow the same rule for CONJUGATION. There is one rule for each of the 3 groups of verbs.Irregular verbs also have the same endings (-er; -ir or –re) but they do not follow any rule for their conjugation
8 conjugationStem ending regard er chant er aim er … Now add new endingsTo conjugate you will keep the stem and drop the infinitive ending which is -er for 1st group verbs. Once you have the stem, you will add new endings to this stem
9 Conjugation of regular –er verbs Singular PluralJe -eNous -onsTu -esVous ezil / elle -eOnils / elles -ent
10 Conjugation of regular –er verbs Singular Plural-e-ons-es-ez-entNote that the pronunciation it all sounds the same. –es and ent do not make a sound, it sounds just like e. The only 2 different sounds that can be heard are –ons and ez
11 Stems ending with the letter “g” stem + ending Add –e in the nous form: nag er nous nageons voyag er nous voyageons mang er nous mangeonsThe French like their language to sound good. A vowel such as a or o after the letter g would turn its sound to Gue, which does not sound right. To improve the sound, you must add a phonetic e after the g to continue producing the same sound.
12 C turns to ç in the nous form: nous commençons CommencerC turns to ç in the nous form:nous commençonsFor the same reason, c turn to c cedille for commencer to start. It mmakes a sss sound thanks to the cedille
13 -er verbs with spelling changes Acheter, Promener, préférerje ètu èIl/ elle/ on - èIls/ elles èThese verbs are not irregular. It is just a difference with the except at the nous and the vous forms
14 -er verbs with spelling changes Acheter, Promener, préférerj’ achètenous achetonstu achètesVous achetezIl/ elle achèteIls/elles achètentNote how the sound changes because of the accent when you conjugate.
15 -er verbs with spelling changes Appelerj’ appelletu appellesIl/ elle appelleIls/elles appellentAppeler doubles the l in all forms except nous and vous
16 -er verbs with spelling changes Essayerj’ essaietu essaiesIl/ elle essaieIls/elles essaientY turns to I for essayer (to try)
17 are –er verbs in disguise The verbs:Offrir, Ouvrir, Couvrirare –er verbs in disguiseOffrir: ti give or offer, ouvrir to open, or couvrir to cover actually conjugate exactly like regular –er verbs!!
18 Irregular –er verbs Aller is irregular: vais allons allez va vas vont Although aller (to go) ends with –er, it is irregular. You have to memorize its conjugation.
19 Passé - Composé Past Participle of regular –er verbs: -é J’ai nagé Regular –er verbs make their past participles in the passe compose with e added to the stem.
20 When 2 verbs follow each other: conjugate the first verb the second verb is in the infinitive
21 When 2 verbs each follow other.. Nous aimons chanter 1 2 We like to travel. See how the first verb is conjugated and the second verb is in the infinitive with the ir ending. Nous aimons reussir, we like to succeed.
22 practiceConjugate: Tu (voyager) Nous (aimer) Marie et Marc (acheter) Julie et toi (parler)
23 practice; answersConjugate: Tu voyages Nous aimons Marie et Marc achètent * Julie et toi parlez *Note that Marieand Marc make They as a subject pronoun. Notice the accent grave on the e to create the sound achete.Julie and you correspond to YOU . It is conjugated like VOUS 2nd person plural