2-er verbsVerbs are words which express:actionsstates of being
3The InfinitiveThe infinitive is the verb form which is not inflected to reflect:personnumbertense
4The Infinitive The infinitive is preceded by TO in English: To look To ListenIt is the verb form before it is conjugated.
5The Infinitive A Stem An ending The infinitive in French consists of : regard ermang er
6InfinitiveThere are 3 groups of REGULAR verbs in French: verbs ending with -ER = 1st group verbs ending with -IR = 2nd group verbs ending with -RE = 3rd group
7conjugationVerbs are called REGULAR when they all follow the same rule for CONJUGATION. There is one rule for each of the 3 groups of verbs.Irregular verbs also have the same endings (-er; -ir or –re) but they do not follow any rule for their conjugation
8conjugationStem ending regard er chant er aim er … Now add new endingsTo conjugate you will keep the stem and drop the infinitive ending which is -er for 1st group verbs. Once you have the stem, you will add new endings to this stem
9Conjugation of regular –er verbs Singular PluralJe -eNous -onsTu -esVous ezil / elle -eOnils / elles -ent
10Conjugation of regular –er verbs Singular Plural-e-ons-es-ez-entNote that the pronunciation it all sounds the same. –es and ent do not make a sound, it sounds just like e. The only 2 different sounds that can be heard are –ons and ez
11Stems ending with the letter “g” stem + ending Add –e in the nous form: nag er nous nageons voyag er nous voyageons mang er nous mangeonsThe French like their language to sound good. A vowel such as a or o after the letter g would turn its sound to Gue, which does not sound right. To improve the sound, you must add a phonetic e after the g to continue producing the same sound.
12C turns to ç in the nous form: nous commençons CommencerC turns to ç in the nous form:nous commençonsFor the same reason, c turn to c cedille for commencer to start. It mmakes a sss sound thanks to the cedille
13-er verbs with spelling changes Acheter, Promener, préférerje ètu èIl/ elle/ on - èIls/ elles èThese verbs are not irregular. It is just a difference with the except at the nous and the vous forms
14-er verbs with spelling changes Acheter, Promener, préférerj’ achètenous achetonstu achètesVous achetezIl/ elle achèteIls/elles achètentNote how the sound changes because of the accent when you conjugate.
15-er verbs with spelling changes Appelerj’ appelletu appellesIl/ elle appelleIls/elles appellentAppeler doubles the l in all forms except nous and vous
16-er verbs with spelling changes Essayerj’ essaietu essaiesIl/ elle essaieIls/elles essaientY turns to I for essayer (to try)
17are –er verbs in disguise The verbs:Offrir, Ouvrir, Couvrirare –er verbs in disguiseOffrir: ti give or offer, ouvrir to open, or couvrir to cover actually conjugate exactly like regular –er verbs!!
18Irregular –er verbs Aller is irregular: vais allons allez va vas vont Although aller (to go) ends with –er, it is irregular. You have to memorize its conjugation.
19Passé - Composé Past Participle of regular –er verbs: -é J’ai nagé Regular –er verbs make their past participles in the passe compose with e added to the stem.
20When 2 verbs follow each other: conjugate the first verb the second verb is in the infinitive
21When 2 verbs each follow other.. Nous aimons chanter 1 2 We like to travel. See how the first verb is conjugated and the second verb is in the infinitive with the ir ending. Nous aimons reussir, we like to succeed.
22practiceConjugate: Tu (voyager) Nous (aimer) Marie et Marc (acheter) Julie et toi (parler)
23practice; answersConjugate: Tu voyages Nous aimons Marie et Marc achètent * Julie et toi parlez *Note that Marieand Marc make They as a subject pronoun. Notice the accent grave on the e to create the sound achete.Julie and you correspond to YOU . It is conjugated like VOUS 2nd person plural