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Groups for grammar translation project? 19 and 21 November.

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Présentation au sujet: "Groups for grammar translation project? 19 and 21 November."— Transcription de la présentation:

1 Groups for grammar translation project? 19 and 21 November

2 Work together with your WISE and INTELLIGENT partner: What can a person end up going to prison for? smuggling, drug trafficking, rape, murder, burglary… Do you think prisons are a good solution to combatting crime?

3 Un Américain sur cent derrière les barreaux Pour la première fois dans lhistoire des Etats-Unis, une récente étude révèle que plus dun adulte sur cent se trouve derrière des barreaux. Au plan national, la population carcérale a augmenté de 25 000 prisonniers en 2007 pour atteindre près de 1,6 million de détenus, trois fois plus quil y a trente ans. San compter les quelque 723 000 personnes enfermées dans des pénitenciers régionaux. Cela signifie que sur une population de 230 millions dadultes américains, plus de 1 sur 99,1 est en prison. Le taux dincarcération augmente aussi en fonction des groupes sociaux. Dans la communauté hispanique, 1 homme sur 36 vit dans une cellule. Dans la communauté noire, la proportion sélève à 1 adulte sur 15, et même 1 sur 9 pour les hommes de la tranche dâge 20-34 ans. Le rapport du Pew Center indique également que, dans la tranche âge 35-39 ans, 1 femme blanche sur 355 est incarcérée, contre 1 sur 100 dans la communauté noire. La population carcérale des Etats-Unis est la plus importante du monde, la Chine narrivant quen deuxième position avec 1,5 million de détenus. Lecart entre les deux pays est encore plus flagrant en proportion de leur population. Courrier international 6-12 Mars 2008

4 United States: One American out of/in one hundred behind bars For the first time in the history of the United States a recent study has revealed that more than one adult in/out of 100 is in prison/behind bars. At the national level/nationally/Nationwide the prison population increased/grew by 25,000 prisoners in 2007 to reach/bringing it to nearly almost 1.6 million, 3 times more than 20 years ago. This does not include some 723,000 people locked up in regional penitentiaries/local jails/prisons. This means that out of a population of 230 million adult Americans that more than one out of/in 99.1 is in prison. The rate of imprisonment/incarceration rates also increases depending on ones social group/the social group you belong to. In the Hispanic community one adult male in /out of 36 is in prison/in a cell/behind bars. In the Black community the number rises to one adult out of/in 15 and even one in 9 for men in the in the 20-34 age bracket/group. The report from the Pew Centre also found that one in 355 white women in the 35-39 age group is behind bars compared with one in 100 black women. The prison population in the United States is the highest in the world only followed by China in second place with a population of 1.5 million inmates/prisoners/detainees. The gap between the two countries is even wider considering /if one considers/takes into account their population./The gap is even wider in percentage terms.

5 1)In what ways are the numbers different in English (revision from last week!) 2)Find an example of a dependent preposition 3)Find an example of a superlative

6 Find an example of the present perfect and past simple: Can you explain why we translate one as the present simple and the other as present perfect? 1)une récente étude révèle que 2)la population carcérale a augmenté de 25 000 prisonniers en 2007

7 THE PRESENT PERFECT PAST SIMPLE roots an action in the past – We want to know WHEN? THE PRESENT PERFECT always has a link with the present – We want to know How does this affect the situation now?

8 Compare: I lived in Rome. Ive lived in Rome, Paris and New York. Ive been living in Rome.

9 I lived in Rome. (But not anymore) Ive lived in Rome, Paris and New York. (I know all these cities now) Ive been living in Rome.(And Im living there now).

10 1)Shes been married three times. 2) She married three times. 1)Shes alive 2)Shes dead

11 a) Did you see the Renoir exhibition? b) Have you seen the Renoir exhibition? a) Its finished now b) Its still on

12 Did you enjoy the film (Said as we are leaving the cinema) Have you enjoyed the holidays (Said near the end of the holidays) I have lost my keys (I havent found them yet) I lost my keys (past – I now have them)

13 Present result: The verb action happened in the past, usually the recent past and the results of the action are felt now. Youve changed. What have you done to yourself? Ive lost some weight Ive changed my hairstyle

14 Indefinite past: Have you ever taken any illegal drugs? Shes never been abroad *Indefinite past: Shes been to Spain.(At some time in her life) *Present result Shes gone to Spain (And shes there now).

15 Put the following in order : Accused of the crime Commit a crime Arrested by police Serve time for committing the crime Sentenced to 15 years Put on trial for the crime Convicted of the crime Suspected of the crime

16 Grammar Sheet: Deadly mistake Aim: identifying the correct uses of the four present tenses (and past simple) Copy of Deadly mistake for each group. In teams decide which sentences contain errors and which options, where relevant, are correct. HOMEWORK (and 10 minutes at the beginning of next lesson!)

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