2Do you know numbers in French? 1 heure = 60 minutes15 minutes = 1 quart d’heure30 minutes = 1 demie heure24 heures = 1 journéeReview the powerpoint on Numbers. To be able to tell the time in French, you need to be comfortable saying the numbers.
33 ways of telling time The digital way L’heure officielle. 24 Hour, also called military timeTraditional (old-fashioned way).The digital way is the way you are used to with your cell phones for example. It is a wide spread, common way of telling the time in French also.However, l’heure officielle or 24 hour clock is the most common in France. All schedules (train, Tv including school schedules) appear in that form.However, the traditional way of telling the time has not disappeared. That’s when time was told form a round clock. It had minutes, quarters (to and past) and a half hour.
4Quelle heure est-il? Digital 4:15 → 4h15 → Il est quatre heures quinze 3: 58 → 3h58 → Il est trois heures cinquante huit.Let’s first take a look at the digital way of telling time. This is the one you are most used to with various electronic devices and cell phones. As long as you know your numbers , expressing the time in French in this manner is pretty much the same as in English. Instead of the : between the hour and the minutes, you will add an H which stands for Heure, and you will need to say it too.When writing out the word Heure, remember to add an “s “ if it is more than one.Note that you start your answer with “il est..”. Do not pronounce the s in est.
5a.m/ p.m a.m: du matin p.m: de l’après-midi 12 noon till 6pm p.m: du soir pm till midnightNote that you cannot say a.m - ante meridian; before noon) / or p.m – post meridian; afer noon ) in French. There is no substitute. You need to say the full expressions: du matin; de l’apres-midi, du soir. De l’apres-midi runs from noon to 6 pm; du soir (the evening) runs from 6 p.m till 12.
6a.m/ p.m 7:15 a.m: Il est 7h 15 du matin 4:30 p.m: Il est 4h 30 de l’après-midi8:20 p.m: Il est huit heures vingtdu soirOu can ask: quelle heure est-il? Ou Il est quelle heure?
14Practice - answer Quelle heure est-il? Il est 11h 40 du matin (onze heures quarante)
15Quelle heure est-il? L’heure officielle: 24 hour clock Midnight - Minuit = 0 hourWhen you reach noon- MIDIadd 12 hoursL’heure officielle or military time is by far the most usual way of telling the time. Count normally form midnight till noon, then add 12 hours till you reach midnight.
24Practice - answer Quelle heure est-il? Il est 11h 40. (onze heures quarante)Il est 23h 40.Note that 11 h quarante stays the same if it is in the morning (du matin); it becomes 23 h if it is at night.
25Quelle heure est-il? Traditional – Old fashioned way Minutes past the hourMinutes till the NEXT hourQuarter past the hourQuarter till the next hourHalf past the hour.
26Quelle heure est-il? Traditional – Old fashioned way 8:05 → Huit heures cinq8:40 → neuf heures moins vingtNote that you use MOINS for minutes till the next hour.
27Quelle heure est-il? Traditional – Old fashioned way 4 h 15→ quatre heures et quart2 h 45→ trois heures moins le quart7 h 30→ sept heures et demie
35Practice - answer Quelle heure est-il? Il est midi moins vingt . Il est minuit moins vingt.Note that 11 h quarante stays the same if it is in the morning (du matin); it becomes 23 h if it is at night.