2The ISO systemNetwork of 163 national standardization bodiesISO develops International standards for products, services, processes, materials and systems and for conformity assessment, managerial and organizational practiceA standard is a document, established by consensus and approved by a recognized body, that provides, for common and repeated use, rules, guidelines or characteristics for activities or their results, aimed at the achievement of the optimum degree of order in a given contextIn 1946, 25 countries decided to create a new international organization, "to facilitate the international coordination and unification of industrial standards“Note 1 : Standards should be based on the consolidated results of science, technology and experience, and aimed at the promotion of optimum community benefits.ISO Standardsmake the development, manufacturing and supply of products and services more efficient, safer and cleanerfacilitate trade between countries and make it fairerprovide governments with a technical base for health, safety and environmental legislation, and conformity assessmentshare technological advances and good management practicedisseminate innovationsafeguard consumers, and users in general, of products and servicesmake life simpler by providing solutions to common problems
3International, European and National Standardization International standards: integration on a volontary basisUITISOCEIInternational levelNational Standardization BodiesNational levelEuropean levelCENCENELECETSINational standardization bodies participate to ISO work through national delegations composed of Experts of national mirror committee of ISO or CEN TCs :Industry, consumers, NGOs, laboratories, government and regulators, research centers, societal and other interests, local authorities, teachers…90 % of standardisation is international standardisation,TelecommunicationsOthers domainsElectricity , electrotechnicsEuropean standards : mandatory integration
5ScopeWithin TC 85 “Nuclear energy, nuclear technologies and radiological protection”,SC 2 develops standards to protect :people (workers, patients, members of the public)the environmentagainst all sources of ionising radiations in planned, existing or emergency exposure situations linked to nuclear activities, medical activities, industrial activities, research activities and natural radiation sources (radon, cosmic radiation).
6ContextA need to harmonize and promote standards supporting professionals and regulators in the context ofIncreasing demand for the protection of the patient, the public and the workers as well as the protection of the environmentHuge number of users (more or less educated in R.P.), and more and more sophisticated technologies in the different fields (in the medical field in particular)Radiation protection general recommandations and standards are developed at the international level:ICRP, ICRUIAEA, European Commission, WHO…
7Participation 28 Participating countries Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Italy, Iran, Japan, Kenya, Korea, the Netherlands, Norway, Pakistan, Poland, Russian Federation, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, UK, USA4 Observing countriesMongolia, Romania, Slovakia, South AfricaInternational organizationsEC, IAEA, ICRP, ICRU, ILO, ISSPA, UNSCEAR, WHO, OIMLIACRS (FAO, IAEA, ILO, NEA, UNSCEAR, PAHO, WHO)IEC (SC 45B and SC 62C)EC European CommissionIAEA International Atomic Energy AgencyIACRS Inter Agency Committee on Radiation SafetyICRP International Commission on Radiological ProtectionICRU International Commission Radiation Units andMeasurementsILO International Labour OrganizationISSPA International Source Suppliers and Producers AssociationUNSCEAR United Nation Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic RadiationsWHO World Health OrganizationOIML International Organization of Legal MetrologyIEC/SC 45 B Radiation protection instrumentationIEC/SC 62 C Equipment for radiotherapy, nuclear medicine and radiation dosimetry
81 advisory Group and 12 working groups (1) Dosimetry, metrologyWG 2 : Reference radiations fieldsWG 19 : Individual monitoring of external radiationWG 21 : Dosimetry for exposures to cosmic radiation in civilian aircraftEquipmentsWG 11 : Sealed sourcesWG 23 : Shielding and confinement systems for protection against ionizing radiationWG 24 : Remote handling devices for nuclear applications
91 advisory Group and 12 working groups (2) Measurements methodsWG 14 : Air control and monitoringWG 17 : Radioactivity measurementsWG 20 : Illicit trafficking in radioactive material (dormant)Radiobiological analysisWG 13 : Monitoring and dosimetry for internal exposureWG 18 : Biological dosimetryMedical activitiesWG 22 : Dosimetry and related protocols in medical applications of ionizing radiation
10SC2 in figures 4 to 6 new standards published each year 67 standards issued so far by SC 231 standards are under development or revision15 projects are in discussion≈ 200 experts are involved
11Focus on recent topicsPublication in March 2011 of ISO on dose assessment for the monitoring of workers for internal radiation exposureFinalization of a series of 11 standards on the measurement of radon (publication next June )Revision ofISO on passive personal neutron dosemetersISO to consider the dosimetry of the extremities and the lens of the eye in order to respond to the new ICRP recommendationApproval of new projectsCharacterization of pulsed radiation fieldsRadiation protection rules for installations with medical acceleratorsDetermination of activity for dose assessment in patients treated with iodine 131 for thyroid diseasesISO/FDIS Measurement of radioactivity in the environment - Air: radon Part 1: Origins of radon and its short-lived decay products and associated measurement methodsISO/FDIS Measurement of radioactivity in the environment - Air: radon Part 2: Integrated measurement method for determining average potential alpha energy concentration of its short-lived decay productsISO/FDIS Measurement of radioactivity in the environment - Air: radon Part 3: Spot measurement method of the potential alpha energy concentration of its short-lived decay productsISO/FDIS Measurement of radioactivity in the environment - Air: radon Part 4: Integrated measurement method for determining average activity concentration using passive sampling and delayed analysisISO/FDIS Measurement of radioactivity in the environment - Air: radon Part 5: Continuous measurement method of the activity concentrationISO/FDIS Measurement of radioactivity in the environment - Air: radon Part 6: Spot measurement method of the activity concentrationISO/FDIS Measurement of radioactivity in the environment - Air: radon Part 7: Accumulation method for estimating surface exhalation rateISO/FDIS Measurement of radioactivity in the environment - Air: radon Part 8: Methodologies for initial and additional investigations in buildingsISO/CD Measurement of radioactivity in the environment - Air: radon Part 9: Method for determining exhalation rate of dense building materialsISO/CD Measurement of radioactivity in the environment - Air: radon Part 10: Determination of diffusion coefficient in waterproof materials using activity concentration measurementISO/NP Mesurage de la radioactivité dans l'environnement -- Air: radon Partie 11: Méthode d'essai pour le gaz du sol
12Needs and perspectives Needs for standards in emergency situationsOn site, for the characterization of the environment and products, and for the monitoring of individualsAt borders, for the control of contaminated materials and goods (including food, feed, cosmetics)Discussion on the needs for standards on the competence and qualifications of individuals and organizations (industrial radiography, etc.)Increasing needs for guidelines and protocols in the medical fieldC(such as rapid measurement methods)
13ConclusionsRadiation protection is extremely regulated and is governed by numerous international bodiesISO/TC85/SC2 contributes to radiological protection in the fields where the standard may have a role to playParticipation of experts contributing to the production and maintenance of standards in radiological protection is a key issue!
14Further informationNext ISO/TC 85/SC 2 meetings : June 2012, ParisISO website (public access)ISOISO/TC 85 Nuclear energy, nuclear technologies, and radiological protection (Secretary:ISO/TC85/SC 2 Nuclear energy – Radiological protection (secretary: