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Gabrielle Desbiens, Student, Master in regional studies and Cultural worker Danielle Maltais, Ph. D. professor, Social work, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi.

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1 Gabrielle Desbiens, Student, Master in regional studies and Cultural worker Danielle Maltais, Ph. D. professor, Social work, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi Cultural Strategies to improve Elderlys Empowerment and Leadership Mr. Narcisse Rathé ( ) Mr Olivier Voyer ( )

2 Brief history of culture as an inclusive strategy Culture as «the arts and culture» (museums, modern arts galeries, short films, etc.) Malraux (1960): Democratize the culture Is participation to cultural activities a way to increase identity, to developp a social cohesion and to lead seniors to self empowerment and leadership?

3 Cultural strategy: Quebecs cultural mediation Quebecs definition of cultural mediation –An encounter –Inclusive as a participative and/or co-creative process –Possible by partnerships Appropriation of the arts and culture by the citizens Respect everyones own role (artist, social worker, coordinator, etc.) Gives tools to understand, to appropriate and to become autonomous into participating in the cultural activities/community Ultimately leads to community and local developpment

4 How cultural strategies improve leadership and empowerment? Everyone is born with a potential of creativity Losing it is the sum of being not stimulate to create Learning to create takes time It leads to self confidence and empowerment 2 examples: –Modern art history workshops for seniors –Saguenays seniors TV

5 Modern art history workshops for seniors 12 seniors (2 men, 10 ladies) 1 art history collegial teacher 50$ (40) for the first 20 hours of the autumn 2011 workshop (as guinea pigs) 2 cultural activities They asked for more! 125$ (96) for the 20 hours of winter 2012 workshop (covers the teachers retribution) Partnership of an autonomous artist center (Espace Virtuel) and the cultural mediation programme of The City of Saguenay (Éveille ma culture)

6 Saguenays Seniors TV A project by the City of Saguenay, a study by my collegues Danielle Maltais and Véronique Gauthier (UQAC). A picture is worth a thounsand words… So lets watch! And then, Ill explain the process of this great project!

7 The goals of the project Consider and value the individual and collective knowledge of senior citizens. Reduce social inequalities while promoting the empowerment of participants. Promote the participation of seniors in cultural activities by allowing them to express themselves and taking part in the active life of the community.

8 The elders 24 participants 16 women and 8 men. Age: from 56 to 98 years old. 12 frail seniors 13 widows and widowers or living by theirselves All retired

9 The TV serie To be made : 6 shows of 28 minutes each presenting the individual projetc of every senior. Thos 6 shows were to be presented at community canal VOX. The seniors were backed by various actors including a cultural mediator, a directord, volunteers and a local TV crew.

10 The process Introductory workshops in the process of accomplishing a TV show Technical support team Great volunteers 3 generations 3 (very) different groups

11 « I had qualities that I did not think... it introduced me to other people... Well I think the strength of this program is to plan activities for seniors, say they are not inactive … » Results Project impact on the elderly: of self-esteem, pride, confidence of anxiety Rediscovery of their capabilities Break isolation their freedom expression Break down prejudices Develop interest for new activities

12 LEARN / CREATE / PARTICIPATE

13 Cultural mediators volunteering brigade (in progress) Transforms seniors from cultural spectators to actors Continue their learning about different culture disciplines Help them in creating their own activities (Éveille ma culture as a support) Give them their place, improve their participation Intergenerationnal (university students, young cultural workers and seniors)

14 References A.L. Kroeber and Clyde Kluckhohn (1952). Culture, a critical review of concept and definitions, Vintage Book, Random House, New York, 435. Carbonneau, Hélène (2012). Bénévolats nouveaux, approches nouvelles, Observatoire québécois du loisir, vol. 9, no 12, pages Caune, Jean (2006). La démocratisation culturelle, Une médiation à bout de souffle, Presses de lUniversité de Grenoble, Grenoble, 206 pages. Coudin, Geneviève et Béatrice Beaufils (1997). »Les représentations relatives aux personnes âgées», Vieillissement et âge, no 21, décembre 1997, pages XII - XIV. Deriaz, Madeline (2011). Des aînés à la découverte du monde des arts visuels explorent leur potentiel créatif, Gérontofile, Vol. 24, no. 3, été 2002 p De Reymaeker, Baptise (2011). Affilier, rendre, émanciper. Ce que peut faire lart au social, Dossier 70, no 70, pp Fontan, Jean-Marc et Eva Quintas (dir.) (2007). Cahiers de laction culturelle. Regards croisés sur la médiation culturelle, LARC, UQÀM, Volume 6, no. 2, décembre 2007, 40 pages. Jacob, Louis (2012). «Mesures et démesures. Les leçons de lévaluation.» La médiation culturelle. Le sens des mots, lessence des pratiques, Presses de lUniversité du Québec, Québec, pages , Automne 1999, no XPF, pages Lafortune, Jean-Marie (dir.) (2012). La médiation culturelle. Le sens des mots, lessence des pratiques, Presses de lUniversité du Québec, Québec, 222 pages. Thibault, André (2012). Sommaire de lenquête sur les pratiques en loisir des 50 ans et plus, Observatoire québécois du loisir, vol. 9, no 14, pages Tylor, Edward [1871]. Primitive Culture. New York: J.P. Putnams Sons. Umea Kummun. Cultural activities for seniors. Culture and health: a summary of a descriptive report.

15 Many thanks for your attention! ? ? ? Time for questions and comments!


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