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Leçon 1B – Structure Subject Pronouns, the verb être, adjective agreement, and nationality.

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Présentation au sujet: "Leçon 1B – Structure Subject Pronouns, the verb être, adjective agreement, and nationality."— Transcription de la présentation:

1 Leçon 1B – Structure Subject Pronouns, the verb être, adjective agreement, and nationality

2 Subject Pronouns Subject pronouns replace a noun that is the subject of the verb. The French subject pronouns are: je = Inous = we tu = you (sing, informal)vous = you (pl, formal) il = he/itils = they (mas.) elle = she/itelles = they (fem.)

3 The subject pronoun on On refers to people in general, just as the English subject pronouns one, they, or you sometimes do. On can also mean we in a casual style. On always takes the same verb form as il and elle. Example: En France, on parle français.

4 The verb être Être (to be) is an irregular verb; its conjugation (set of forms for different subjects) does not follow a pattern. Je suis (I am)nous sommes ( we are) Tu es (you are)vous êtes (you are, pl. or formal) Il est (he is)ils sont (they are) Elle est (she is)elles sont (they are) On est (one is)

5 Cest and Ce sont Use cest (or its plural form ce sont) plus a noun to identify who or what someone or something is. examples: Cest un téléphone. Cest Mme. Renton Ce sont des photos. Ce sont les profs.

6 Il/elle est and ils/elles sont Use the phrases il/elle est and ils/elles sont to refer to someone or something previously mentioned. Examples: La bibliothèque? Elle est moderne. Les livres? Ils sont intéressants.

7 Adjectives are words that describe people, places and things. Here are some French adjectives that are cognates – words that are similar to English words. agrèablepleasantintelligent(e)intelligent amusant(e)funintéressant(e)interesting brillant(e)brightoccupé(e)busy charmant(e)charmingoptimisteoptimistic Désagréableunpleasantpatient(e)patient différent(e)differentpessimistepessimistic difficiledifficultpoli(e)polite égoïsteselfishréservé(e)reserved élégant(e)elegantsincèresincere impatient(e)impatientsociablesociable important(e)importantsympathique (sympa) nice indépendant(e)independenttimideshy

8 In French, most adjectives agree in number and gender with the nouns they describe. Most adjectives form the feminine by adding a silent –e (no accent) to the end of the masculine form, unless one is already there. Adding a silent –s to the end of the masculine and femine forms gives you the plural forms of both.

9 Examples: Henri est amusant. Patricia est amusante. Henri et Patricia sont amusants. Patricia et Marie sont amusantes.

10 Adjectives of Nationality algérian(ne)Algerianjaponais(e) Japanese allemand(e)Germanmarocain(e) Moroccan anglias(e)Englishmartiniquais(e) from Martinique américain(e)Americanmexicain(e) Mexican canadien(ne)Canadianquébécois(e) from Quebec espagnol(e)Spanishsénégalais(e) Senegalese français(e)Frenchsuisse Swiss italien(ne)Italianvietnamien(ne) Vietnamese

11 Partner Practice - Introductions Write out the following French sentences and fill in the blanks with your partners information (this can go in your notebooks,). Practice saying the sentences aloud to your partner several times. Be ready to present this information! Voici ___________. Il/elle est un/une__(noun)__. Il/elle est ___(adjective). ll/elle est __(nationality)__.


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