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Édition: GTEA Formation médicale axée sur lacquisition de compétences.

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Présentation au sujet: "Édition: GTEA Formation médicale axée sur lacquisition de compétences."— Transcription de la présentation:

1 Édition: GTEA Formation médicale axée sur lacquisition de compétences

2 Édition: Étude de cas

3 Édition: Performance of Tasks Doing the right thing Doing the thing right The right person doing it Dundee - Three Circle Model Référence :Harden, R.M. et al., An introduction to outcome-based education. Med Teacher 1999;21(1):7-14

4 Édition: What the doctor is able to do Doing the right thing 1.Clinical skills 2.Practical procedures 3.Patient investigation 4.Patient management 5.Health promotion and disease prevention 6.Communication skills 7.Information handling and retrieval Référence :HARDEN, R.M. et al.,From competency to meta-competency: a model for the specification of learning outcomes, AMEE Education Guide 14, Outcome-based Education, Center for Medical Education, University of Dundee, 1999 Technical intelligences

5 Édition: How the doctor approaches their practice Doing the thing right 8.Understanding of basic, clinical and social sciences 9.Appropriate attitudes, ethical understanding and legal responsibilities 10.Appropriate decision making, clinical reasoning and judgment Référence :HARDEN, R.M. et al.,From competency to meta-competency: a model for the specification of learning outcomes, AMEE Education Guide 14, Outcome-based Education, Center for Medical Education, University of Dundee, 1999 Intellectual intelligences Emotional intelligences Analytical and creative intelligences

6 Édition: The doctor as a professional The right person doing it 11.Role of the doctor within the health service 12.Aptitude for personal development Référence :HARDEN, R.M. et al.,From competency to meta-competency: a model for the specification of learning outcomes, AMEE Education Guide 14, Outcome-based Education, Center for Medical Education, University of Dundee, 1999 Personal intelligences

7 Édition: Étude de cas

8 Édition:

9 Édition: Compétences CanMEDS 2005 Expert médical Communicateur Collaborateur Gestionnaire Promoteur de la santé Érudit Professionnel Frank, JR., Jabbour, M. et al. dir. Report of the CanMEDS Phase IV Working Groups. Ottawa: Collège royal des médecins et chirurgiens du Canada. Mars 2005

10 Édition: Compétences Comme collaborateurs, les médecins travaillent efficacement dans une équipe de soins de santé afin de prodiguer des soins optimaux aux patients. Définition Collaborateur CRMCC Énoncés de compétences

11 Édition: Compétences Participer efficacement et comme il se doit à lactivité dune équipe interprofessionnelle de soins de santé Collaborer efficacement avec dautres professionnels de la santé afin déviter des conflits interprofessionnels, de les négocier et de les résoudre. Participer efficacement et comme il se doit à lactivité dune équipe interprofessionnelle de soins de santé Collaborer efficacement avec dautres professionnels de la santé afin déviter des conflits interprofessionnels, de les négocier et de les résoudre. Compétences attendues Collaborateur CRMCC Énoncés de compétences

12 Édition: … est en mesure dagir comme un leader dans une équipe multiprofessionnelle Fellow … est en mesure de déléguer efficacement certains actes à dautres professionnels de la santé R. senior … utilise judicieusement lensemble des ressources professionnelles pour adapter les soins au patient R. junior … est en mesure dinformer efficacement les membres de léquipe multiprofessionnelle concernant la condition de ses patients. Externe 2ième année … est en mesure de situer son rôle par rapport à celui des autres professionnels de la santé. Externe 1ère année … anime efficacement son groupe APP … reconnaît les rôles et compétences des autres professionnels de la santé Et. 2ième … interagit avec respect avec les membres de son groupe Et. 1ère … partage ses connaissances avec ses pairs. Et. prép. Collaboration

13 Édition: Étude de cas

14 Édition: Nine Abilities Référence :SMITH, Stephen R. and R. Dollase, Planning, implementing and evaluating a competency-based curriculum, AMEE Education Guide 14, Outcome-based Education, Center for Medical Education University of Dundee, 1999 I. Effective Communication II. Basic Clinical Skills III. Using Basic Science in the Practice of Medicine IV. Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention V. Lifelong Learning VI. Self-Awareness, Self-Care, and Personal Growth VII. The Social and Community Contexts of Health Care VIII. Moral Reasoning and Clinical Ethics IX. Problem Solving

15 Édition: Knowledge Base Référence :SMITH, Stephen R. and R. Dollase, Planning, implementing and evaluating a competency-based curriculum, AMEE Education Guide 14, Outcome-based Education, Center for Medical Education University of Dundee, 1999

16 Édition: Knowledge Base Référence :SMITH, Stephen R. and R. Dollase, Planning, implementing and evaluating a competency-based curriculum, AMEE Education Guide 14, Outcome-based Education, Center for Medical Education University of Dundee, 1999

17 Édition: Étude de cas

18 Édition: SCAL Systematic Clinical Appraisal and Learning Source : RW Sanson-Fisher, IE Rolfe & N Williams, Competency based teaching: the need for a new approach to teaching clinical skills in the undergraduate medical education course, Medical Teacher 2005;27:29-36 Students independently saw a patient and were asked to make judgments about the patients potential diagnosis, tests required, management, psychosocial needs, preventive health requirements, and any ethical problems. These judgments were then compared with those of the clinical supervisor, who saw the same patient independently.

19 Édition: 1.Le médecin de famille est un clinicien compétent et efficace. 2.La médecine familiale est « communautaire ». 3.Le médecin de famille est une ressource pour une population définie de patients. 4.La relation médecin-patient constitue lessence du rôle du médecin de famille.

20 Édition: « Que le Collège des médecins, de concert avec les universités et les milieux denseignement, convienne dun plan directeur de façon que la formation médicale, dans tout son continuum (formation prédoctorale, postdoctorale et éducation médicale continue), permette aux médecins daujourdhui et de demain dacquérir les compétences nécessaires pour relever les défis de la médecine et des problèmes de santé des années » Nouveaux défis professionnels pour le médecin des années 2000

21 Édition: Nouveaux défis professionnels pour le médecin des années Clinicien scientifique et efficace Professionnel humaniste Apprenant Communicateur Collaborateur capable de travailler en équipe Gestionnaire Leader pour sa communauté Chercheur et enseignant

22 Édition: Good clinical care. Doctors must practise good standards of clinical care, practise within the limits of their ability, and make sure that patients are not put at unnecessary risk. Maintaining good medical practice. Doctors must keep up to date with developments in their field and maintain their skills. Relationships with patients. Doctors must be able to develop, encourage and maintain successful relationships with their patients. Working with colleagues. Doctors must work effectively with colleagues in medicine, other health-care professions and allied health-care workers. Teaching and training. Doctors have teaching responsibilities to colleagues, patients and their relatives. They must develop the skills, attitudes and practices of a competent teacher. Probity. Doctors must be honest. Health. Doctors must not allow their own health or condition to put patients and others at risk. Doctors must maintain their health. They must take the appropriate steps to make sure their own health does not put patients, colleagues or the public at any risk. The New Doctor Recommendations on General Clinical Training Jan 2005 The Transitional Edition of The New Doctor

23 Édition: The residency program must require its residents to obtain competencies in the 6 areas below to the level expected of a new practitioner. Toward this end, programs must define the specific knowledge, skills, and attitudes required and provide educational experiences as needed in order for their residents to demonstrate: Patient Care that is compassionate, appropriate, and effective for the treatment of health problems and the promotion of health Medical Knowledge about established and evolving biomedical, clinical, and cognate (e.g. epidemiological and social-behavioral) sciences and the application of this knowledge to patient care Practice-Based Learning and Improvement that involves investigation and evaluation of their own patient care, appraisal and assimilation of scientific evidence, and improvements in patient care Interpersonal and Communication Skills that result in effective information exchange and teaming with patients, their families, and other health professionals Professionalism, as manifested through a commitment to carrying out professional responsibilities, adherence to ethical principles, and sensitivity to a diverse patient population Systems-Based Practice, as manifested by actions that demonstrate an awareness of and responsiveness to the larger context and system of health care and the ability to effectively call on system resources to provide care that is of optimal value Approved by the ACGME, September 28, 1999

24 Édition: /

25 Édition: "...our mission is to collect worldwide information on requirements and standards of undergraduate medical education and to develop the global minimum essential requirements of medical education that are necessary to equip all physicians, regardless of where they are trained, with medical knowledge, skills, professional attitudes and behavior of universal value..."

26 Édition: (1) Professional Values, Attitudes, Behavior and Ethics (2) Scientific Foundation of Medicine (3) Clinical Skills (4) Communication Skills (5) Population Health and Health Systems (6) Management of Information (7) Critical Thinking and Research Institute for International Medical Education Copyright © Global Minimum Essential Requirements: A Road Towards Competence-Oriented Medical Education

27 Édition: The LCME urges schools to develop a system of evaluation that fosters self-initiated learning by students and disapproves of the use of frequent tests which condition students to memorize details for short-term retention only. Référence :Liaison Committee on Medical Education, FUNCTIONS AND STRUCTURE OF A MEDICAL SCHOOL, Standards for Accreditation of Medical Education Programs Leading to the M.D. Degree, June 2002.

28 Édition: Evaluation of student performance should measure not only retention of factual knowledge, but also development of the skills, behaviors, and attitudes needed in subsequent medical training and practice, and the ability to use data appropriately for solving problems commonly encountered in medical practice. Référence :Liaison Committee on Medical Education, FUNCTIONS AND STRUCTURE OF A MEDICAL SCHOOL, Standards for Accreditation of Medical Education Programs Leading to the M.D. Degree, June 2002.

29 Édition: Courses or clerkships that are extremely short in duration may not have sufficient time to provide structured activities for formative evaluation, but should provide some alternate means (such as self-testing or teacher consultation) that will allow students to measure their progress in learning. Référence :Liaison Committee on Medical Education, FUNCTIONS AND STRUCTURE OF A MEDICAL SCHOOL, Standards for Accreditation of Medical Education Programs Leading to the M.D. Degree, June 2002.

30 Édition: Prédoctorale Programme MD Postdoctorale Programmes de résidence Continue Programmes FMC Formation, certification, maintien COMPÉTENCESCOMPÉTENCES Formation médicale axée sur lacquisition de compétences Faculté de médecine

31 Édition: Post-doctorale et Formation professionnelle continuePré-doctorale Anamnèse Examen Communication Contexte Intégration connaissances Éthique IMC-IDC Interrogatoire Examen physique Gestes techniques Prise en charge Investigation Traitement Communiquer Travailler en équipe Intégration connaissances Jugement critique Maintien compétence Éducateur Promotion santé Notions éthiques Professionnalisme Externat - MD Clinicien compétent et efficace Relation médecin-patient Communautaire Ressource pour population définie de patients CMFC Expertise médicale Communication Collaboration Érudition Gestion Promotion de la santé Professionnalisme CanMEDS-2005 Clinicien scientifique et efficace Communicateur Enseignant Collaborateur Travailler équipe Apprenant Chercheur Gestionnaire Leader pour sa communauté Professionnel humaniste CMQ Convergence des rôles

32 Édition: GTEA Réformer le système dévaluation des apprentissages : un projet pour nous tous Rapport du groupe de travail sur lévaluation des apprentissages au programme MD Comité du programme des études de premier cycle 13 novembre 2003 Entériné par le Comité du programme, 11 mars 2004 Approche par compétences

33 Édition: Réforme du système dévaluation Innovations Modèle dévaluation axé sur la certification des compétences Tests périodiques de rendement pour mesurer les progrès Profil cumulatif pour lévaluation formative Mentors pour accompagner les étudiants Formation aux professeurs sur le feedback GTEA

34 Édition: Implantation du système dévaluation des apprentissages Conseils de compétences Compétences Plan directeur Progrès Profil individuel Comités dépreuves Épreuves Réalisations TRPs Portfolio Mentors Accompagner Guider Évaluer Étudiants Pairs Formatif Les acteurs GTEA

35 Édition: Task-Based Learning The focus for learning is a set of tasks addressed by a doctor in clinical practice. The learning is built round the tasks and learning results as the student tries to understand not only the tasks themselves but also the concepts and mechanisms underlying the tasks. ( Harden 2000 ) 113 clinical tasks as the focus for learning 1.The task is an important one facing a doctor. 2.The task is likely to be encountered by students during their clinical attachments and usually in more than one attachment. 3.The task can serve as an appropriate focus for learning clinical medicine, for reviewing the basic medical sciences and for the development of the generic competences expected of a doctor.

36 Édition: Task-Based Learning Clinical attachments 1 General medicine 2 Specialized medicine 3 Ageing and health dermatology 4 Surgery 5 Orthopaedics Accident and emergency 6 ENT/Ophthalmology 7 General practice 8 Obstetrics & gynaecology 9 Child health 10 Psychiatry Pain Pain in the leg on walking Acute abdominal pain Loin pain and dysuria Joint pain Back and neck pain Indigestion Headache Cancer pain Earache Nutrition/weight Thirsty and losing weight Difficulty swallowing Weight loss Seriously overweight Source : RM Harden, J Crosby, MH Davis, PW Howie & AD Struthers, Task-based learning: the answer to integration and problem based learning in the clinical years, Medical Education 2000;34:

37 Édition: Outcome-Based Education Competency-Based Assessment Des courants majeurs issus des milieux anglo-saxons

38 Édition: Outcome-Based Education It is an approach to education in which decisions about the curriculum are driven by outcomes the students should display by the end of the course ( Harden 1999 ) A way of designing, developing, delivering and documenting instruction in terms of its intended goals and outcomes ( Spady 1988 ) You develop the curriculum from the outcomes you want students to demonstrate, rather than writing objectives for the curriculum you already have ( Spady 1988 )

39 Édition: Compétence Un savoir agir complexe prenant appui sur la mobilisation et lutilisation efficaces dune variété de ressources ( Tardif 2003 ) La compétence est la possibilité pour un individu, de mobiliser de manière intériorisée un ensemble intégré de ressources en vue de résoudre une famille de situations- problèmes ( Roegiers 2000 ) Aptitude à mettre en œuvre un ensemble organisé de savoirs, de savoir-faire et dattitudes permettant daccomplir un certain nombre de tâches ( MERF 1997, 2000 )

40 Édition: Évaluation Référence :National Postsecondary Education Cooperative Competency-Based Initiatives Working Group U.S. Department of Education Competency-Based Assessment

41 Édition: Certifier des niveaux de compétences Novice Intermé- diaire Expert

42 Édition: Évaluation des compétences Authentique Assessment that looks at performance and practical application of theory. Direct observation is thus a critical component Critériée Outcome of observation should be an assessment of whether the trainee has met the predetermined criteria. Formative Importance of ongoing input to the learner about performance. Formative feedback becomes a necessary component. Multimodale A variety of assessment tools to measure the breadth of performance Source : Carraccio, C. and R. Englander, Evaluating Competence using a Portfolio: A Liiterature Review and Web-Based Application to the ACGME Competencies, Teaching and Learning in Medicine, 2004.

43 Pour en savoir plus … Diaporama Bibliographie Rubrique: Dossier compétences Approche par compétences


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