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Ma Famille & Moi Evâ Weinstéin Lôren Grïer Sãrãh Rowen Nick Laverdé

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Présentation au sujet: "Ma Famille & Moi Evâ Weinstéin Lôren Grïer Sãrãh Rowen Nick Laverdé"— Transcription de la présentation:

1 Ma Famille & Moi Evâ Weinstéin Lôren Grïer Sãrãh Rowen Nick Laverdé

2 Vocabulaire Z1. renier quelqu'un - de désavouer une personne Z2. Une galere – un cauchemar Z4. Se consacrer a - Dédier à soi-même Z5. Celibataire - seul Z6. Casser la croute - de manger un peu Z7. A tout casser - Prodigieux Z8. Veuf/ Veuve - d'avoir un décès du conjoint Z9. se soucier de - pour sentir Z10. camaraderie- unité

3 Vocabulaire Z12. Le battement de coeur - impulsion Z13. La blessure - Plaie Z14. En bonne santé - d'être bien Z15. Le calmant - médecine Z17. S'enrhumer - Pour attraper un rhume Z18. Se rétablir - pour obtenir une meilleure Z19. pacte civil de solidarité - de vivre avec quelqu'un, mais pas en couple Z20. Le/ La malade - personne en mauvaise santé

4 Vocabulaire Z21. Le gouter - casse-croûte Z22. Le plat principal – repas Z23. La viande - volaille, du bœuf, du porc Z24. La dinde - Turquie Z25. Le lapin - lièvre Z26. l'agneau - petit mouton Z27. Sans préjuges - ouvert d'esprit Z28. Raffine - blasé Z29. Naif – jeune, pas mûr Z30. Froid - inamical

5 Present Tense- Step 1 ZDetermine if the sentence you are reading/writing/saying is in the present tense. ZCurrently doing something ZHabitual- things that happen on a regular basis ZGeneral truths- the earth is round ZSi Clauses

6 Present Tense - Step 2 ZLocate the verb you are going to conjugate and determine if it is a irregular or regular verb. ZIf the verb is irregular, skip step 3 and go to step 4 :-)

7 ZRegular verbs ZFor -ER verbs, drop the -ER and add these endings Present Tense- Step 3 eons esez eent

8 ZRegular verbs parler > parl- donner > donn- visiter > visit- je -e parledonne visite tu -es parlesdonnes visites il -e parledonnevisite nous -ons parlons donnonsvisitons vous -ez parlezdonnezvisitez ils -ent parlentdonnentvisitent Present Tense- Step 3

9 ZRegular verbs ZFor -RE verbs, drop the -RE and add these endings Present Tense- Step 3 sons sez -ent

10 Present Tense- Step 3 ZRegular Verbs with -RE endings

11 Present Tense-Step 3 ZFor -IR verbs, Drop -R, add S, and the endings! isissons isissez itissent

12 Present Tense- Step 3 ZRegulars verbs with -IR endings weeeeee

13 Present Tense - Step 4 Irregular -RE verbs 1.first group includes prendre and its similar verbs such as comprendre, etc. These verbs drop the d in all three plural forms (nous, vous, ils) and also double the n in the third person plural (ils). 2. The second group includes battre and its similar verbs such as débattre, etc. These verbs drop the stem's second t in the singular forms (je, tu, il/elle). 3. The third group includes mettre (promettre, etc). These verbs are conjugated just like battre verbs in the present tense (separate group because they are conjugated differently in the passé simple and past participle)

14 Present Tense - Step 4 ZIrregular -Re verbs 4. The fourth group of irregular -RE verbs includes rompre (corrompre, etc). These verbs are conjugated exactly like regular -RE verbs with the single exception of the third person singular present tense (il/elle), which adds a t after the stem. 5. The fifth group of irregular -RE verbs includes all verbs that end in -aindre (e.g., craindre), -eindre (like peindre), and -oindre (such as joindre). These verbs drop the d in the root in all forms, and add a g in front of the n in the plural forms (nous,vous,ils/elles). **Note that These groups Have different Endings then The last 3 Groups.

15 Present Tense - Step 4 ZThe rest of the irregular -RE verbs have their own conjugations Z absoudre, boire, clore, conclure, conduire, confire, connaître, coudre, croire, dire, écrire, faire, inscrire, lire, moudre, naître, plaire, rire, suivre, vivre.

16 Present Tense - Step 4 Z Irregular -IR verbs 1. The first group of irregular verbs includes dormir, mentir, partir, sentir, servir, sortir, and all of their derivatives (repartir, etc). These verbs drop the last letter of the radical in the singular conjugations (drops the m for the je, tu, il tenses) 2. The second group of verbs includes couvrir, cueillir, découvrir, offrir, ouvrir, souffrir, and their derivatives (recouvrir, etc). These verbs are conjugated like regular -ER verbs (drops the -IR and add e,es,e,ons,ez,ent endings)

17 Present Tense- Step 4 ZThe rest of the irregular -IR verbs don't follow a pattern - you have to memorize the conjugations (#sad) for each one separately: asseoir, courir, devoir, falloir, mourir, pleuvoir, pouvoir, recevoir, savoir, tenir, valoir, venir, voir, vouloir

18 Present Tense- Step 4 ZIrregular -ER Aller (to go) is the only irregular -er verb in French - its conjugations are weird. Memorize it.

19 Reflexive Verbs Zthe subject of the verb is performing the action upon himself, herself, or itself. Reflexive verbs mainly have to do with parts of the body,* clothing, personal circumstance, or location. Here are some common reflexive verbs: s'adresser à to address, speak to s'approcher de to approach s'asseoir to sit down se baigner to bathe, swim se brosser (les cheveux, les dents) to brush (one's hair, one's teeth) se casser (la jambe, le bras) to break (one's leg, one's arm) se coiffer to fix one's hair se coucher to go to bed se couper to cut oneself se dépêcher to hurry se déshabiller to get undressed se doucher to take a shower s'énerver to get annoyed s'enrhumer to catch a cold se fâcher to get angry se fatiguer to get tired se fier to trust s'habiller to get dressed s'habituer à to get used to s'imaginer to imagine s'intéresser à to be interested in se laver (les mains, la figure) to wash (one's hands, one's face) se lever to get up se maquiller to put on makeup se marier (avec) to get married (to) se méfier de to mistrust, distrust, beware of/about se moquer de to make fun of (someone else) se moucher to blow one's nose se noyer to drown se peigner to comb one's hair se promener to take a walk se raser to shave se refroidir to cool down, get cold se regarder to look at oneself se reposer to rest se réveiller to wake up se soûler to get drunk se souvenir de to remember se taire to be quiet

20 Adjectives ZFrench adjectives change to agree in gender and number with the nouns that they modify, which means there can be up to four forms of each adjective: ZAdjective: joli (pretty) Z Masculine singular joli ZFeminine singular jolie ZMasculine plural jolis ZFeminine plural jolies

21 Adjectives ZIn English, adjectives are always found in front of the noun, but most French adjectives follow the noun they modify: un livre vert - green book un professeur intelligent - smart teacher ZBut there are some French adjectives that precede the noun: un beau garçon - handsome boy un petit verre - small glass

22 Adjectives ZMost French adjectives add E for feminine and S for plural. Zhis rule applies to adjectives that end in most consonants as well as all vowels except the unaccented E. It also includes all regular and most irregular present participles and past participles: Adjective: vert (green) Masculine singular vert Feminine singular verte Masculine plural verts Feminine plural vertes Adjective: bleu (blue) Masculine singular bleu Feminine singular bleue Masculine plural bleus Feminine plural bleues Adjective: amusant (funny) Masculine singular amusant Feminine singular amusante Masculine plural amusants Feminine plural amusantes Adjective: épicé (spicy) Masculine singular épicé Feminine singular épicée Masculine plural épicés Feminine plural épicées

23 Adjectives *When the masculine singular adjective ends in an unaccented E, there is no difference between the masculine and feminine forms: Adjective: rouge (red) Masculine singular -rouge Feminine singular -rouge Masculine plural -rouges Feminine plural -rouges * When the default form of the adjective ends in S or X, there is no difference between the masculine singular and plural forms: Adjective: gris (grey) Masculine singular gris Feminine singular grise Masculine plural gris Feminine plural grises

24 Adjectives ZAdjectives that end in a vowel plus L or N usually become feminine by doubling the consonant before adding E. ZEnding: el > elle Adjective: personnel (personal) Masculine singular personnel Feminine singular personnelle Masculine plural personnels Feminine plural personnelles ZEnding: on > onne Adjective: bon (good) Masculine singular bon Feminine singular bonne Masculine plural bons Feminine plural bonnes

25 Adjectives ZAdjectives that end in er or et need a grave accent: ZEnding: er > ère Adjective: cher (expensive) Masculine singular cher Feminine singular chère Masculine plural chers Feminine plural chères ZEnding: et > ète Adjective: complet (full) Masculine singular complet Feminine singular complète Masculine plural complets Feminine plural complètes

26 Adjectives ZOther final letters lead to very irregular feminine endings: ZEnding: c > che Adjective: blanc (white) Masculine singular blanc Feminine singular blanche Masculine plural blancs Feminine plural blanches ZEnding: eur > euse Adjective: flatteur (flattering) Masculine singular flatteur Feminine singular flatteuse Masculine plural flatteurs Feminine plural flatteuses ZEnding: eux > euse Adjective: heureux (happy) Masculine singular heureux Feminine singular heureuse Masculine plural heureux Feminine plural heureuses ZEnding: f > ve Adjective: neuf (new) Masculine singular neuf Feminine singular neuve Masculine plural neufs Feminine plural neuves

27 Adjectives ZIrregular plurals: The ending al changes to aux in the plural: ZAdjective: idéal (ideal) Masculine singular idéal Feminine singular idéale Masculine plural idéaux Feminine plural idéales -There are several French adjectives which have irregular feminine and plural forms, as well as a special form when they are placed in front of a masculine noun that begins with a vowel or a mute H: un bel homme - a handsome man un vieil ami - an old friend

28 Adjectives Placement after the noun ZMost descriptive adjectives are placed after the noun they modify. They classify the noun into a certain category. These types of adjectives include shape, color, taste, nationality, religion, social class, and other adjectives that describe things like personality and mood. Zune table ronde - round table Zun livre noir - black book Zdu thé sucré - sweet tea Zune femme américaine - American woman Zune église catholique - Catholic church Zune famille bourgeoise - middle-class family ZAlso, present participles and past participles used as adjectives are always placed after the noun. Z une histoire intéressante - interesting story Z un débat passionné - lively debate

29 Adjectives Placement before the noun ZCertain adjectives are placed before the noun, some which you can memorize with the acronym "BAGS": ZThese descriptors - and a few others - are considered inherent qualities of the noun: une jolie fille - pretty girl un jeune homme - young man une nouvelle maison - new house un bon enfant - good child un petit problème - small problem les sincères condoléances - sincere condolences les vagues promesses - vague promises un gentil garçon - kind boy ZIn addition, all non-descriptive (i.e., demonstrative, indefinite, interrogative, negative, and possessive) adjectives are placed before the noun: ces livres - these books chaque personne - each person quel stylo ? - which pen? aucune femme - no woman mon enfant - my child Z B eauty Z A ge Z G ood and bad Z S ize (except for grand with people

30 Adjectives ZSome adjectives have both a figurative and an analytic (literal) sense and can thus be placed on either side of the noun. When the adjective is figurative, it goes before the noun, and when it's analytic, it goes after the noun. Figurative: mes vertes années my green (fruitful) years Literal: des légumes verts green vegetables Figurative: un grand homme a great man Literal: un homme grand a tall man Figurative: un triste individu a sad (mean or bad) person Literal: un individu triste a sad (crying) person Figurative: mon ancienne école my old (former) school Literal: mon école ancienne my old (aged) school Figurative: un certain regard a certain (type of) look Literal: une victoire certaine a certain (assured) victory

31 Possessive Adjectives ZPossessive adjectives are the words used in place of articles to indicate to whom or to what something belongs. ZWhen describing two or more nouns in French, a possessive adjective must be used in front of each one: son frère et sa sœur his brother and sister notre tante et notre oncle our aunt and uncle

32 Possessive Adjectives

33 Possessive Adjectives- MY Zmon (masculine singular) mon stylo - "my pen" Zma (feminine singular) ma montre - "my watch" Zmes (plural) mes livres - "my books ZWhen a feminine noun begins with a vowel, the masculine possessive is used Zmon amie - "my (female) friend"

34 Possessive Adjectives - YOUR (tu) Zton (masculine singular) ton stylo - "your pen" Zta (feminine singular) ta montre - "your watch" Ztes (plural) tes livres - "your books" ZWhen a feminine noun begins with a vowel, the masculine possessive is used: Z ton amie - "your (female) friend

35 Possessive Adjectives - HIS/HER/ITS (il,elle,ont) Zson (masculine singular) son stylo - "his, her, its pen" Zsa (feminine singular) sa montre - "his, her, its watch" Zses (plural) ses livres - "his, her, its books" ZWhen a feminine noun begins with a vowel, the masculine possessive is used: Zson amie - "his, her, its (female) friend"

36 Possessive Adjectives Z The possessive adjective is almost never used with body parts in French. You can't say "my hand" or "my hair." Instead, the French use pronominal verbs to show possession with body parts: Je me suis cassé la jambe I broke my leg (literally, I broke the leg of myself). Il se lave les cheveux He's washing his hair (literally, He washes the hair of himself).

37 Adverbs Zadverbs of frequency Zadverbs of manner (includes French adverb formation) Zadverbs of place Zadverbs of quantity Zadverbs of time Zcomparative/superlative adverbs Zexclamative adverbs Zindefinite adverbs Zinterrogative adverbs Znegative adverbs

38 Adverbs ZShort adverbs that modify a verb usually follow the conjugated verb. Nous mangeons bien We eat well. Nous avons bien mangé. We ate well. Nous allons bien manger.We will eat well. Il fait souvent la cuisine. He often cooks. Il a souvent fait la cuisine. He often cooked Il doit souvent faire la cuisine. He often has to cook.

39 Adverbs ZAdverbs of frequency are usually placed after the verb. ZException: parfois is normally placed at the beginning of the sentence. Je fais toujours mes devoirs I always do my homework. Parfois, Luc ne fait pas ses devoirs. Sometimes Luc doesn't do his homework.

40 Adverbs ZAdverbs of time which refer to specific days can be placed at the beginning or end of the sentence. Aujourd'hui, je vais acheter une voiture. Today, I'm going to buy a car. Elles arriveront demain. They'll arrive tomorrow.

41 Adverbs ZLong adverbs are usually placed at the beginning or end of the sentence. Généralement, nous mangeons avant 17h00. Normally, we eat before 5pm. Je ne l'ai pas trouvé, malheureusement. I didn't find it, unfortunately. However, if the long adverb specifically modifies the verb, it is placed after the conjugated verb. Il a immédiatement quitté Paris. He left Paris immediately.

42 Adverbs ZAdverbs of place are usually found after the direct object. Il a mis ton sac à dos là-bas. He put your backpack over there. J'ai trouvé le livre ici. I found the book here.

43 Adverbs ZAdverbs which modify adjectives or other adverbs are placed in front of the word they modify. Je suis très heureuse. I'm very happy. Chantal fait assez souvent ses devoirs. Chantal does her homework fairly often.

44 Adverbs ZIn negative constructions, adverbs which would normally follow the verb are placed after pas. Je mange bien ==> Je ne mange pas bien. I eat well ==> I don't eat well. Tu travailles trop ==> Tu ne travailles pas trop. You work too much ==> You don't work too much.

45 Prepositions with Geographical Names ZAs a general guideline, geographical names which end in e are feminine, while those that end in any other letter are masculine. There are, of course, exceptions which simply have to be memorized. Z1. I'm going to France - Je vais en France Z2. I'm in France - Je suis en France Z3. I'm from France - Je suis de France

46 Proverbe Z > ZJe ne suis pas d'accord avec cette proverbe. Il y a par example des fils et des pères qui sont similaires, mais il ce n'est pas assuré. Par example, mon pere et mon grand- pere nest pas similare. Mon pere jouerait au basket et de la guitare, et mon grand-pere naimerait pas le sports et a sont ton sourd. Il nai pas possible pour une personne est exactement cette son parents, etcette est bonne. Indivitualité est tres important and necessaire. Une personne c'est leur propre personne et leurs parents n'affectent pasce-qui ils sont. Une personne est défini par leur decisions, pas leur famille ou leur parents. Il faut expliquer le sens d'une proverbe avant de la critiquer

47 Sources Zhttp://french.about.com/bio/L aura-K-Lawless-3906.htm


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