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CONJUGATION This is when you change a verb to match the form of the subject, noun or pronoun It forms a clause, phrase or sentence The sentence can be.

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Présentation au sujet: "CONJUGATION This is when you change a verb to match the form of the subject, noun or pronoun It forms a clause, phrase or sentence The sentence can be."— Transcription de la présentation:


2 CONJUGATION This is when you change a verb to match the form of the subject, noun or pronoun It forms a clause, phrase or sentence The sentence can be declarative, negative or be in the form of a question.

3 TERMINOLOGIES Infinitive – the verb in its original form Ex. parler, finir, vendre, Persons – the different forms a verbs can conjugated Je – 1st person singularnous – 1st person plural Tu – 2 nd person singularvous – 2 nd person plural Il Ils 3rd person Elle 3rd person singular Elles plural On

4 TERMINOLOGIES Tense – verb form which express the time and completion of the verbs action or condition(present, imperfect, past simple, past tense, pluperfect, past anterior, future anterior, futur) Mood – verb form which express the attitude of the speaker (indicative, subjonctive, imperative) (conditional)

5 TENSES AND MOODS 1. Present*- présente 2. Imperative *- impératif 3. Composed past - passé composé 4. Imperfect - imparfait 5. Pluperfect – plus-que-parfait 6. Future - futur 7. Conditional* - conditionnel 8. Subjunctive* - subjonctif

6 LITERAY TENSES 1. Passé simple – passé composé 2. Passé antérieur – plus-que-parfait 3. Imparfait du subjonctif - subjonctive 4. Plus-que-parfait du subjonctif - subj. passé 5. 2ieme conditionnel passé – conditionnel passé

7 Other Verb formations 1. Near future – aller + infinitive 2. Near past – venir + infinitive

8 VERB A word that shows the action of the subject, noun, or pronoun. Ex. to speak, to see, to return Ex. parler, voir, rendre

9 INFINITIVE The original form of the verb, before it is conjugated. EnglishFrench to speakparler to do, to makefaire to beêtre to haveavoir to goaller

10 NOUN A person, place, thing or idea. Proper and improper nouns Ex. Alexandre marche au magasin. Ex. Le garçon marche au magasin. Ex. Il marche au magasin.

11 SUBJECT PRONOUNS EnglishFrench I Je youtu heil sheelle iton* wenous youvous theyils elles On in French does not mean it. It means we, but it is conjugated in the 3 rd person singular form.

12 AN EXAMPLE IN ENGLISH TO SPEAK I speakwe speak You speakyou speak He speaksthey speak She speaks It speaks

13 EXAMPLE IN FRENCH PARLER Je parleNous parlons Tu parlesVous parlez Il parleIls parlent Elle parleElles parlent On parle

14 VERBS There are three (3) types of verbs in French. ER, IR and RE verbs. Within each group of verbs, there are regular and irregular verbs. ALLER IS THE ONLY IRREGULAR ER VERB. The IR and RE groups have the most irregular verbs.

15 * IMPORTANT IRREGULAR VERBS 1. Aller – to go 2. Avoir – to have 3. Être – to be 4. Faire – to do, or to make 5. Venir – to come

16 ALLER – to go Je vaisnous allons Tu vasvous allez il vails vont Elle vaelles vont On va

17 AVOIR – to have Jainous avons Tu asvous avez il ails ont Elle aelles ont On a

18 ÊTRE – to be je suisnous sommes tu esvous êtes il estils sont elle estelles sont on est

19 FAIRE – to do or to make Je faisnous faisons Tu faisvous faites il faitils font Elle faitelles font On fait

20 VENIR – to come je viensnous venons tu viensvous venez il vientils viennent elle vientelles viennent on vient

21 Other irregular Verbs Descendre- to go down Recevoir – to receive Pouvoir- to be able, can Vouloir – to want Savoir – to know (fact) Dormir – to sleep Suivre – to follow Dire – to say, to tell Lire – to read

22 Other irregular Verbs Croire – to believe Broire – to drink Recevoir – to receive Courir – to run Prendre – to take Venir – to come Mettre – to take Perdre – to lose Réussir – to succeed

23 Other irregular Verbs Devoir – to have to Naître – to be born Connaitre – to know (someone) Conclure – to conclude Ecrire – to write Mourir – to die Dissoudre – to dissolve Moudre – to bite Coudre – to sew

24 ER VERBS CONJUGATION Take the infinitive of the verb. Drop the infinitive ER ending. Add the ER verbs present tense endings. E, ES,E, ONS, EZ, ENT

25 ER VERB CONJUGATION TRAVAILLER Step 1: travailler Step 2: travailler Step 3: Add endings to match noun, subject or pronoun e, es, e, ons, ez, ent Je travaillenous travaillons Tu travaillesvous travaillez Il travailleils travaillent Elle travailleelles travaillent On travaille

26 STEM CHANGING VERBS (Boot Verbs) (verbs qui change dorthographe) AYER OYER UYER É_ER E_ER ELER ETER CER GER

27 VERBS ENDING IN AYER, OYER, UYER Change the y to an i on all form except nous and vous and add the regular ER verbs endings. ayer – payer, balayer, effrayer, essayer uyer – ennuyer, appuyer, essuyer oyer – nettoyer, employer, envoyer, renvoyer

28 Payer – to pay je paienous payons tu paiesvous payez il paieils paient elle paieelles paient on paie

29 Nettoyer – to clean je nettoienous nettoyons tu nettoiesvous nettoyez il nettoieils nettoient elle nettoieelles nettoient on nettoie

30 Ennuyer – to bore jennuienous ennuyons tu ennuiesvous ennuyez il ennuieils ennuient elle ennuieelles ennuient on ennuie

31 VERBS ENDING IN (É – ER) Change the é to è on all forms except the nous and vous. é_er – céder, considérer, celébrer, compléter, préférer, protéger, répéter, révéler

32 PRÉFÉRER – to prefer je préfèrenous préférons tu préfèresvous préférez il préfèreils préfèrent elle préfèreelles préfèrent on préfère

33 VERBS ENDING IN (E – ER) Change the e before the consonant to è in all forms except nous and vous. Example: acheter, amener, emmener, lever, mener, promener

34 ACHETER – to buy Jachètenous achetons Tu achetesvous achetez Il achèteils achètent Elle achèteelles achètent On achète (do not put acheter in the verb group of eter)

35 VERBS ENDING IN (ELER) Double the l in all forms except nous and vous. Example: appeler, épeler, rappeler, renouveler

36 Appeler – to be call Jappellenous appelons Tu appellesvous appelez Il appelleils appellent Elle appelleelles appellent On appelle

37 VERBS ENDING IN (ETER) Double the t in all forms except nous and vous. Example: jeter, projeter, rejeter, hoqueter, feuilleter

38 JETER – to throw Je jettenous jetons Tu jettesvous jetez Il jetteils jettent Elle jetteelles jettent On jette

39 VERBS ENDING IN (CER) A c that follows a a or o has a hard c sound (like cold), the c has to change to c to keep the c soft (like cell). Example: annoncer, divorcer, effacer, lancer, menacer, placer, prononcer, remplacer, renoncer, commencer

40 COMMENCER – to start Je commenceNous commençons Tu commencesVous commencez Il commenceIls commencent Elle commenceElles commencent On commence

41 VERBS ENDING IN (GER) A g that follows an a or o has a hard g sound (like gold), an e has to added to keep the g soft (like gel). Example: arranger, manger, nager, voyager, diriger, encourager, juger, partager

42 MANGER – to eat Je mangeNous mangeons Tu mangesVous mangez Ils mangeIls mangent Elle mangeElles mangent On mange


44 PRACTICE Conjugate the following verbs in the present tense. 1. Je form – aller 2. Nous form – payer 3. Tu form – préférer 4. Vous form – parler 5. Ils form - donner

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