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4. Le corps branché 4 Cyborg Cybrid Fyborg Vie artificielle Intelligence artificielle Connecté sur dautres formes de vie 1.Design des apparences 2. Le.

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1 4. Le corps branché 4 Cyborg Cybrid Fyborg Vie artificielle Intelligence artificielle Connecté sur dautres formes de vie 1.Design des apparences 2. Le corps interfacé 3.Le corps manipulé 4. Le corps branché

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3 cyborg A living being whose powers are enhanced by computer implants Term coined by Manfred Clynes in 1960 to describe the need for mankind to artificially enhances biological functions in order to survive in hostile environment of Space. Originally, a cyborg referered to a human being with bodily functions aided or controled by technological devices, such as oxygen tank, artificial heart valve or insulin pump. Tech Target

4 Cybrid A cell with cytoplasm from two different cells as a result of cell hybridization. Origin: cell + hybrid Medical Dictionary Search Cybrid : The viable cell resulting from the fusion of a cytoplast with a whole cell, thus creating a cytoplasmic hybrid. Society for In Vitro Biology Cybrids are simply the evolving relationship between the material and symbolic components of a project. The concrete aspect may be a building, a painting or a book. So long as the physical project is attended by an electronic double, it is a cybrid. As computation becomes more prevalent in different fields we will continue to see more of this new class of artifact. Cybrids emerge from the natural history of artifacts which all comprise physical and informational content. With the last centurys onset of electronic media, the symbolic content of artifacts takes an active role, extending the artifacts presence beyond the boundaries of its material form. Peter Anders

5 Cybrids emerge from the natural history of artifacts which all comprise physical and informational content. With the last centurys onset of electronic media, the symbolic content of artifacts takes an active role, extending the artifacts presence beyond the boundaries of its material form. Peter Anders

6 Virtual Architecture Simulation F : Cybrid Architecture virtuelle E : Interpénétration de couches de réalité et de cognition

7 Fyborgs : « (functional cyborgs) by developing extracorporeal electromechanical devices to improve and widen the scope of existing sense and effector organs » Notion introduite par Alexander Chislenko Différence

8 Cyborgization incorporates machines components into our bodies. Fyborgization fuses us functionally, rater then physically, with machines Gregory Stock p. 25

9 Chico McMurtrie Skelli

10 Chico McMurtrie Skelli

11 Christa Sommerer & Laurent Mignonneau GENMA 1996 Interactive 3D-Installation for virtual genetic manipulation Artificial Life Genetic A-Life Continuity between natural and artificial Links between Intelligence and Sensitivity between Mind and Body

12 "Si on arrive à construire une machine qui ne sait rien, a priori, de son environnement, mais qui est dotée d'une boucle sensori-motrice efficace, elle expérimentera et testera sa boucle de réaction/action, jusqu'à la rendre tellement robuste que, après de multiples générations, elle se débrouillera dans n'importe quel environnement". Rodney Brooks

13 (image courtesy of S. Ogden) (image courtesy of P. Menzel) Kismet Cynthia Breazeal MIT Artificial Intelligence Lab Humanoid Robotics Group Prof.Rodney Brooks Cybrid Robotsculpture Discover human functions throught machines and simulation

14 Vision System Kismet Cynthia Breazeal MIT Artificial Intelligence Lab Humanoid Robotics Group Prof.Rodney Brooks

15 Rodney Brooks Ce que voit Cog (pour Cognition), lorsqu'il regarde un humain. Rodney Brooks Cog MIT Artificial Intelligence Lab Humanoid Robotics Group Projet démarré en 1993

16 F: Personnages virtuels Simulation E: Découvrir des émotions humaines à travers des simulations Michel Fleury Projet Darwin 2001

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21 Luc Courchesne Portrait One 1990

22 Catherine Ikam Portraits virtuels 1995

23 Catherine Ikam

24 Elle

25 Keith Cottingham Triplets 1993 Color Coupler Print 45.5 x 38 Collection Anne and Greg Avis, C. Grimes Gallery, Santa Monica, CA Keith Cottingham Fictious Portrait Series 1993

26 Grahame WEINBREN Frames

27 Paul Sermon Telematic Dreaming 1993 Téléprésence

28 There is no great invention, from fire to flying, which has not been hailed as an insult to some god. J.B.S. Haldane (1923)

29 Esthétique de lhybridité (PoMo Culture) Esthétique du fragment (of parts) (TC & A) Esthétique de lirritation (Stahl Stenslie) Esthétique du Transhumanisme (F.M. Esfandiary, Sandy Stone, Donna Haraway) Esthétique de lexpérimentation (Weissberg) Esthétique de la connectivité (Levy, de Kerckhove, Varela) Esthétique de la sollicitude (Care) (TC & A)


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