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Français II H – Leçon 1B Structures -Comparatives and Superlatives of Adjectives and Adverbs -Direct & Indirect Object Pronouns -Double Object Pronouns.

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Présentation au sujet: "Français II H – Leçon 1B Structures -Comparatives and Superlatives of Adjectives and Adverbs -Direct & Indirect Object Pronouns -Double Object Pronouns."— Transcription de la présentation:

1 Français II H – Leçon 1B Structures -Comparatives and Superlatives of Adjectives and Adverbs -Direct & Indirect Object Pronouns -Double Object Pronouns

2 A comparative is a construction used with an adjective or adverb to express a comparison between two people, places or things. Example: John is shorter than Tom. Legacy High School is as big as Arbor View High School.

3 Comparisons in French are formed by placing the words plus (more), moins (less), or aussi (as) before adjectives and adverbs, and the word que (than, as) after them. moins intelligent que (-) aussi intelligent que (=) plus intelligent que (+)

4 A superlative is a word or construction used with an adjective, adverb, or noun to express the highest or lowest degree or a specific quality among three or more people, places or things. Examples: French IV has the least amount of students enrolled. French class is the most interesting!

5 In French, superlatives are formed by placing the appropriate definite article after the noun, when it is expressed, and before the comparative form. The preposition de often follows the superlative to express in or of. Example: Marie est le plus grand de la classe.

6 Look at the following two sentences: Marie est plus grand que Sophie. Marie est le plus grand de la classe. The first sentence is using the comparative. The second is using the superlative.

7 Irregular comparatives and superlatives Adjective ComparativeSuperlative bon(ne)(s) meilleur(e)(s) le/la/les meilleur(e)(s) mauvais(e)(s) pire(s) or le/la les pire(s) or plus mauvais(e)(s) le/la/les plus mauvais(e)(s) AdverbComparativeSuperlative bienmieuxle mieux malplus malle plus mal

8 Examples w/ irregulars En été, les pêches sont meilleures que les pommes. Quand on est au régime, les frites sont pires que les pâtes. Britany chante bien, mais Miley chante mieux. Dans la classe, cest Christine qui écrit le mieux

9 Object Pronouns Telling who does what for whom and referring to people and things already mentioned

10 The pronouns me, te, nous, and vous are direct object pronouns Look at and compare the following sentences: Marie tinvite au théâtre? Oui, elle minvite au théâtre. Elle te parle au téléphone?Oui, elle me parle au téléphone. Le prof vous regard?Oui, il nous regarde. Il vous explique la leçon?Oui il nous explique la leçon.

11 The direct object pronoun me, te, nous, or vous always comes right before the verb it is linked to. Look at the following sentences. The pronoun is linked to the verb parler. Il me parle. Il ne me parle pas. Il veut me parler. Il ne veut pas me parler.

12 The direct object pronouns le, la, l& les can refer to people or things already mentioned. Je connais ce film. Je le connais. Je connais cette fille. Je la connais. Jadmire cet acteur. Je ladmire. Jadmire ces acteurs. Je les admire.

13 Indirect object pronouns are used to indicate when something is done to someone else. The indirect object pronouns in French are lui and leur. Note that the masculine and feminine forms are the same. Le prof parle à Pierre. Le prof lui parle. Le prof parle à Marie. Le prof lui parle. Le prof parle à ses élèves. Le prof leur parle.

14 Like the direct object pronouns, the indirect object pronouns lui and leur come right before the verb they are linked to. Je lui parle. Je ne lui parle pas. Je veux lui parler. Je ne veux pas lui parler.

15 Double Object Pronouns When and how to use two object pronouns together in one sentence.

16 Study these two sentences: Jai rendu le menu à le serveuse. (I returned the menu to the waitress.) Je le lui ai rendu. (I returned it to her.) DIRECT OBJECT INDIRECT OBJECT DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUN INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUN

17 Use this sequence when a sentence contains both a direct and in indirect object pronoun. me te nous vous before le la l les before lui leur + [verb]

18 Those are the basics. Now we are going to read about some specific rules and examples. 1.Prenez un livre orange. 2.Ouvrez le livre à la page soixante-dix-huit.


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