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Le passé Imparfait et Passé Composé. Three forms Imparfait Imparfait Passé Composé Passé Composé Passé Simple (written tense only) Passé Simple (written.

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Présentation au sujet: "Le passé Imparfait et Passé Composé. Three forms Imparfait Imparfait Passé Composé Passé Composé Passé Simple (written tense only) Passé Simple (written."— Transcription de la présentation:

1 Le passé Imparfait et Passé Composé

2 Three forms Imparfait Imparfait Passé Composé Passé Composé Passé Simple (written tense only) Passé Simple (written tense only) ImparfaitPassé Composé In this presentation, we will only see the first two: Imparfait & Passé Composé.

3 What is the difference? Imparfait Use the Imparfait when: You want to express: used to What you used to do. used to What used to be. ing What you were doing. ing What was going on. description of the scene The description of the scene: (time, weather…) description of the people The description of the people involved: (looks, feelings, age…) Use the passé composé when: You want to express: did What you did. happened What happened. Action Action. began and ended particular point An event that began and ended at a particular point in time in the past. action was finite The action was finite: it began and ended at a point in time in the past.

4 the imparfait What does the imparfait look like? endings These are the imparfait endings: ais ais ait ait ions ions iez iez aient aient

5 This is the verb Regarder ( to watch) in the imparfait. Je regardais (I used to watch) Je regardais (I used to watch) Tu regardais (You were watching…) Tu regardais (You were watching…) Il, elle, on regardait Il, elle, on regardait Nous regardions Nous regardions Vous regardiez Vous regardiez Ils, elles regardaient Ils, elles regardaient

6 imparfait The best way to form the imparfait. Begin with the NOUS form of the present tense. Manger in the present tense : Nous mang e ons e Je mangeais e Tu mangeais e Il, elle, on mangeait Nous mangions Vous mangiez e Ils, elles mangeaient

7 Je mangeais au restaurant. When French people hear this, they understand: When French people hear this, they understand: You used to eat at the restaurant. You used to eat at the restaurant. or or You were eating at the restaurant… You were eating at the restaurant…

8 Forming the Imparfait: Two Important exceptions Être : to be Être : to be Jétais Jétais Tu étais Tu étais Il, elle, on était Il, elle, on était Nous étions Nous étions Vous étiez Vous étiez Ils, elles étaient Ils, elles étaient Ils étaient jeunes. (They were young) Description. Ils étaient jeunes. (They were young) Description. Aller: to go Aller: to go Jallais Jallais Tu allais Tu allais Il, elle, on allait Il, elle, on allait Nous allions Nous allions Vous alliez Vous alliez Ils, elles allaient Ils, elles allaient Nous allions au bord de la mer pendant les vacances. (We used to go to the seashore during our vacations) Nous allions au bord de la mer pendant les vacances. (We used to go to the seashore during our vacations)

9 passé composé What does the passé composé look like? passé composé The passé composé will have 2 words, just like its name. The first is the helper verb or auxiliary verb. The first is the helper verb or auxiliary verb. The second is the past participle. The second is the past participle.

10 This is the verb regarder in the passé composé! Jai regardé (I watched) Jai regardé (I watched) Tu as regardé Tu as regardé Il, elle, on a regardé Il, elle, on a regardé Nous avons regardé Nous avons regardé Vous avez regardé Vous avez regardé Ils, elles ont regardé Ils, elles ont regardé

11 Jai regardé un bon film. When French people read this: When French people read this: They understand you saw a good movie. They understand you saw a good movie. They also understand this was a finite event at a particular point in time in the past. They also understand this was a finite event at a particular point in time in the past.

12 Jairegardé Jai regardé Jai Jai is the helper verb. Regardé Regardé is the past participle. The passé composé is composed of 2 words! The passé composé is composed of 2 words!

13 Only two helper verbs Avoir Jai Jai Tu as Tu as Il, elle, on a Il, elle, on a Nous avons Nous avons Vous avez Vous avez Ils, elles ont Ils, elles ont Être Je suisJe suis Tu esTu es Il, elle, on estIl, elle, on est Nous sommesNous sommes Vous êtesVous êtes Ils, elles sontIls, elles sont

14 When do you use the helper verb AVOIR ? With the passé composé MOST OF THE TIME. MOST OF THE TIME.

15 When do you use the helper verb ê tre? In the passé composé When the verb is on the list. When the verb is on the list. When the verb is reflexive. When the verb is reflexive.

16 Passé composé Avoir (Most of the time) or + Past participle Être When the verb is on the list or reflexive

17 What list? DR and MRS P VANDERTRAMP, is an acronym-mnemonic. Each capital letter stands for a verb which pairs with the verb être (to be) when conjugating into the passé composé tense.acronymmnemonicverb êtrepassé composé Descendre (past participle) descendu) Rester (past participle resté) Descendre (past participle) descendu) Rester (past participle resté) Descendre Rester Descendre Rester Monter (past participle monté) Revenir (past participle revenu) Sortir (past participle sorti) Monter (past participle monté) Revenir (past participle revenu) Sortir (past participle sorti)Monter Revenir SortirMonter Revenir Sortir Passer (past participle passé) Passer (past participle passé) Passer Venir (past participle venu) Arriver (past participle arrivé) Naître (past participle né) Devenir (past participle devenu) Entrer (past participle entré) Retourner (past participle retourné) Tomber (past participle tombé) Rentrer (past participle rentré) Aller (past participle allé) Mourir (past participle mort) Partir (past participle parti) Venir (past participle venu) Arriver (past participle arrivé) Naître (past participle né) Devenir (past participle devenu) Entrer (past participle entré) Retourner (past participle retourné) Tomber (past participle tombé) Rentrer (past participle rentré) Aller (past participle allé) Mourir (past participle mort) Partir (past participle parti) Venir Arriver Naître Devenir Entrer Retourner Tomber Rentrer Aller Mourir Partir Venir Arriver Naître Devenir Entrer Retourner Tomber Rentrer Aller Mourir Partir

18 reflexive verb What is a reflexive verb? se ( se regarder) A reflexive verb infinitive is identified by its reflexive pronoun se, which is placed before the infinitive. ( se regarder) upon itself the same person or thing. A reflexive verb shows that the subject is performing the action upon itself and, therefore, the subject and the reflexive pronoun refer to the same person or thing. Je me regarde = Im looking at myself. Je me regarde = Im looking at myself.

19 reflexive verb presentpassé composé Compare the reflexive verb in the present & in the passé composé. In the present The verb: se regarder The verb: se regarder Je me regarde (I look at myself) Je me regarde (I look at myself) Tu te regardes Tu te regardes Il, elle, on se regarde Il, elle, on se regarde Nous nous regardons Nous nous regardons Vous vous regarge Vous vous regarge Ils, elles se regardent Ils, elles se regardent In the passé composé Verb ÊTRE + past participle. The verb: se regarder The verb: se regarder Je me suis regardé (I looked at myself) Je me suis regardé (I looked at myself) Tu tes regardé Tu tes regardé Il, elle, on sest regardé Il, elle, on sest regardé Nous nous sommes regardés Nous nous sommes regardés Vous vous étes regardés Vous vous étes regardés Ils se sont regardés Ils se sont regardés

20 Okay so… The passé composé is composed of 2 words: The passé composé is composed of 2 words: The helper (auxiliary) verb & the past participle. The helper (auxiliary) verb & the past participle. There are two helper verbs: Avoir and Être There are two helper verbs: Avoir and Être. Use avoir most of the time. Use avoir most of the time. Use ê tre when the verb is: Je suis allé au parc. I went to the park. on the list (aller for example) Je suis allé au parc. I went to the park. (se regarder for example) Je me suis regardé dans le lac. I looked at myself in the lake. or reflexive (se regarder for example) Je me suis regardé dans le lac. I looked at myself in the lake. But what about the past participle? But what about the past participle?

21 Past participles Past participles are generally related to verb infinitives. Past participles are generally related to verb infinitives. er é : Jai chanté (I sang) Je suis tombé (I fell) Infinitives ending in er, for example, generally drop this ending and substitute é : Jai chanté (I sang) Je suis tombé (I fell) ir i : Jai fini (I finished) Je suis sorti ( I went out) Infinitives ending in ir generally drop this ending and substitute i : Jai fini (I finished) Je suis sorti ( I went out) re u : Jai rendu (I returned) Je suis descendu (I went down) Infinitives ending in re generally drop this ending and substitute u : Jai rendu (I returned) Je suis descendu (I went down)

22 A number of common verbs have irregular past participles: avoir to have : eu boire to drink : bu connaître to know : connu courir to run : couru devoir must : dû (due) être to be : été faire to do, make : fait falloir must, have to : fallu lire to read : lu mettre to put : mis ouvrir to open : ouvert pouvoir can, may : pu prendre to take : pris recevoir to receive : reçu rire to laugh : ri savoir to know : su vivre to live : vécu vouloir to want : voulu

23 The past in French Passé composé: More active Two helper verbs: Avoir or Être + A past participle Imparfait: More descriptive Start with the NOUS form of the verb in the present tense + ais, ais, ait, ions, iez, aient

24 A)Il a chanté une belle chanson. B)Elle chantait très bien. A) Il a chanté une belle chanson. B) Elle chantait très bien. In A ): When I see the passé composé, I understand: He sang a nice song at a particular moment in the past. He sang a nice song at a particular moment in the past. In B): When I see the imparfait, I understand: She used to sing very well or she was singing very well.

25 Un jour… Un jour je suis allé au parc et jai vu un joli petit lapin. Jai attrapé le petit lapin et je lai apporté chez moi. Je lai donné à ma maman. Un jour je suis allé au parc et jai vu un joli petit lapin. Jai attrapé le petit lapin et je lai apporté chez moi. Je lai donné à ma maman. Only the passé composé is used here because Im all action. Also, the action is finite (It began and ended at that point in time). Only the passé composé is used here because Im all action. Also, the action is finite (It began and ended at that point in time). One day, I went to the parc and I saw a cute little rabbit. I caught the little rabbit and I brought it home. I gave it to my mom. One day, I went to the parc and I saw a cute little rabbit. I caught the little rabbit and I brought it home. I gave it to my mom. If I had described the rabbit or my mothers reaction, I would have use the imparfait: If I had described the rabbit or my mothers reaction, I would have use the imparfait: Il était blanc et elle était furieuse. (It was white and she was furious) Note: None of the verbs are used to describe the rabbit although I do know it was little and cute.

26 Il faisait beau et la ville était très calme. Les oiseaux chantaient et Pierre était heureux. Il faisait beau et la ville était très calme. Les oiseaux chantaient et Pierre était heureux. Only the imparfait is used because I am entirely descriptive. Only the imparfait is used because I am entirely descriptive. The weather was nice and the town was very clam. The birds were singing, and Peter was happy. The weather was nice and the town was very clam. The birds were singing, and Peter was happy.

27 Tout à coup… (all of a sudden…) Tout à coup, Pierre est tombé et il sest cassé la jambe. Il est allé à lhôpital. Il nétait plus très content. Tout à coup, Pierre est tombé et il sest cassé la jambe. Il est allé à lhôpital. Il nétait plus très content. Pierre est tombé: Pierre fell at a certain moment in the past. (action) Pierre est tombé: Pierre fell at a certain moment in the past. (action) Il sest cassé la jambe: He broke his leg at that certain moment in time. (action) Il sest cassé la jambe: He broke his leg at that certain moment in time. (action) Il est allé à lhôpital: He went to the hospital. (action) Il est allé à lhôpital: He went to the hospital. (action) Il nétait plus très content: He wasnt very happy anymore. (Describing his feelings) Imparfait Il nétait plus très content: He wasnt very happy anymore. (Describing his feelings) Imparfait

28 Imparfait or passé composé? It was 4:30 in the afternoon. The weather was nice. A man was walking towards me. He was big and scary looking. I was afraid. It was 4:30 in the afternoon. The weather was nice. A man was walking towards me. He was big and scary looking. I was afraid. Describingthe scene, the man and the way I felt. Describing the scene, the man and the way I felt.

29 Imparfait of course! Il était quatre heures et demie de laprès-midi. Il faisait beau. Un homme marchait vers moi. Il était grand et épeurant. Javais peur. Il était quatre heures et demie de laprès-midi. Il faisait beau. Un homme marchait vers moi. Il était grand et épeurant. Javais peur.

30 Imparfait or passé composé? Romeo went below Juliets window to sing her a love song. Her father saw him and he emptied a bucket of water on his head. Romeo went home. Romeo went below Juliets window to sing her a love song. Her father saw him and he emptied a bucket of water on his head. Romeo went home. All action here. At a finite point in time, Romeo went… her father saw and emptied… and Romeo went home. (the action started and ended at that particular time in the past : finite) All action here. At a finite point in time, Romeo went… her father saw and emptied… and Romeo went home. (the action started and ended at that particular time in the past : finite)

31 Passé composé of course! Roméo est allé sous la fen ê tre de Juliette pour lui chanter une chanson damour. Son père la vu et il lui a vidé un seau deau sur la t ê te. Roméo est rentré chez lui. Roméo est allé sous la fen ê tre de Juliette pour lui chanter une chanson damour. Son père la vu et il lui a vidé un seau deau sur la t ê te. Roméo est rentré chez lui.


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