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1 of 17 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 Direct object pronouns This icon indicates the slide contains activities created in Flash. These activities are not editable.

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1 1 of 17 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 Direct object pronouns This icon indicates the slide contains activities created in Flash. These activities are not editable. For more detailed instructions, see the User Guide presentation. This icon indicates that the slide contains sound.

2 2 of 17 Definitions © Boardworks Ltd 2006

3 3 of 17 Direct object pronouns le / la / l’ / les 1

4 © Boardworks Ltd of 17 Reread this extract from the dialogue: – Bonjour mademoiselle. Je peux vous aider? – Je cherche un pull en laine. – Vous aimez ce pull rouge? – Oui, je l'aime, mais je préfère ce pull rose. C'est combien? – C'est €35,75. – C'est très joli. Je le prends. Can you see how the lady says I like it and I’ll take it? Je l’aime. – I like it. Je le prends. – I’ll take it. She doesn’t want to repeat the word pull every time she refers to the jumper, so she uses the word for it instead. If she didn’t do this, the conversation would be very repetitive! Direct object pronouns le / la / l’ / les 2

5 © Boardworks Ltd of 17 Direct object pronouns le / la / l’ / les 3 In English, we use it or them to avoid repetition: Do you like onions? No, I hate them! Do you like French? Yes, I love it! In English, we use it or them to avoid repetition: Do you like onions? No, I hate them! Do you like French? Yes, I love it! We do exactly the same in French: Tu aimes les oignons? Non, je les déteste! Tu aimes le français? Oui, je l’adore! We do exactly the same in French: Tu aimes les oignons? Non, je les déteste! Tu aimes le français? Oui, je l’adore!

6 © Boardworks Ltd of 17 Direct object pronouns le / la / l’ / les 4 In French we use le, la, l’ and les to avoid repetition. They are direct object pronouns. In French we use le, la, l’ and les to avoid repetition. They are direct object pronouns. If you use them in your written and spoken French, then your work will sound more natural.

7 © Boardworks Ltd of 17 So how do we use them? Read the following sentences to see if you can work out the rules. – How do we choose which one to use? – Where does it go in the sentence? Vous aimez ce pull rouge? Oui, je l'aime. Vous prenez le pull? Oui, je le prends. Vous prenez la ceinture verte? Oui, je la prends. Vous aimez la ceinture verte? Oui, je l’aime. Vous prenez les chaussures noires? Oui, je les prends. Vous aimez les chaussures noires? Oui, je les aime. Direct object pronouns le / la / l’ / les 5

8 © Boardworks Ltd of 17 Direct object pronouns le / la / l’ / les 6 The direct object pronoun goes directly in front of the verb. Note that les is not shortened before a vowel. When referring to something masculine, you use ‘le’. Vous prenez le pull? Oui, je le prends. When referring to something feminine, you use ‘la’. Vous prenez la ceinture verte? Oui, je la prends. When referring to something masculine or feminine and the following word starts with a vowel (or a silent h), use l’. Vous aimez la ceinture verte? Oui, je l’aime. When referring to something plural, use les. Vous aimez les chaussures noires? Oui, je les aime.

9 © Boardworks Ltd of 17 Can you answer each of the following questions in the affirmative, using a direct object pronoun in each case? 1Tu aimes ces fleurs rouges? 2Tu préfères de la viande? 3Tu détestes le tennis? 4Tu prends ces chaussures? 5Tu portes ta nouvelle robe bleue? 6Tu achètes cet ordinateur? 7Tu regardes la télé? 8Tu ranges ta chambre? 9Tu laves la voiture de papa? 10Tu fais tes devoirs? Oui, je les aime. Oui, je la préfère. Oui, je le déteste. Oui, je les prends. Oui, je la porte. Oui, je l’achète. Oui, je la regarde. Oui, je la range. Oui, je la lave. Oui, je les fais. Direct object pronouns le / la / l’ / les 7

10 © Boardworks Ltd of 17 Direct object pronouns le / la / l’ / les 8 Tu détestes ton frère? Oui je le déteste. This time, le, la and l’ mean him or her, but les still means them. Oui je l’aime. Tu aimes ta sœur? Tu attends tes parents? Oui je les attends. Oui nous vous attendons. Vous nous attendez? You can use direct object pronouns to refer to people. Yannick, viens ici! Je veux te montrer quelque chose!

11 © Boardworks Ltd of 17 Direct object pronouns le / la / l’ / les 9 In summary: me – me te – you le– him / it la – her / it nous – us vous – you les– them The direct object pronoun goes directly in front of the verb. When referring to something masculine, we use le. When referring to something feminine, we use la. When referring to something masculine or feminine and the following word starts with a vowel, we use l’. When referring to something plural, we use les, which is never shortened before a vowel.

12 © Boardworks Ltd of 17 Direct object pronouns le / la / l’ / les 10

13 © Boardworks Ltd of 17 Direct object pronouns le / la / l’ / les 11

14 © Boardworks Ltd of 17 Once you feel confident using direct object pronouns in the present tense, then you can start using them in other tenses too! The futur proche is easy to use with direct object pronouns. Can you see where they need to go in the sentence? They go between aller and the infinitive. Direct object pronouns & the immediate future 1 Le match de football est à 19h. Je vais le regarder. Ma chambre est en désordre. Je vais la ranger. J’ai besoin d’une jupe. Je vais l’acheter chez Topshop. Où sont Loïc et Yannick? Je vais les appeler.

15 © Boardworks Ltd of 17 Direct object pronouns & the immediate future 2

16 © Boardworks Ltd of 17 Direct object pronouns and the perfect 1

17 © Boardworks Ltd of 17 Direct object pronouns and the perfect 2


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