La présentation est en train de télécharger. S'il vous plaît, attendez

La présentation est en train de télécharger. S'il vous plaît, attendez

Risk in conformity assessment

Présentations similaires

Présentation au sujet: "Risk in conformity assessment"— Transcription de la présentation:

1 Risk in conformity assessment
AFNOR Rus Risk in conformity assessment Leonid DVORKIN AFNOR Certification is the leading systems, services, products and competencies certification and assessment body in France and one of thetop-ranking leaders worldwide. AFNOR Certification solutions comprehensively cover your business needs: from performance assessment through to creating broader market awareness and recognition of the quality of your organization, products and/or services and competencies mastered by the people in your teams. We can also help spread the word on your stringent compliance with national, European or international regulatory requirements. AFNOR Certification handles a portfolio spanning over 500 products, making it one of the most comprehensive market offers out there. Our product range runs from AFAQ and NF marks to Ecolabels and on to the CE mark… Any company, organization or administration can file an application for certification of its products, services or management system. The target audience is first and foremost the end-customer, whether they are a consumer or a user. Certification gives objective proof that the product or service purchased or delivered presents a set of characteristics defined in a standard or a benchmark document, and is controlled and checked on a regular basis. This means buyers, users or consumers of certified products or services are provided a guaranteed level of quality, in the broadest sense of the word. Certification is one of the very first criteria guiding choice between several offerings. The credibility of this guarantee hinges not just on the competency of a certification body like AFNOR Certification, but also on its impartiality. Note this: certification bodies are themselves audited by independent accreditation bodies, like the COFRAC in France. Certification is delivered based on an assessment of the systems, services, products or professional competencies targeted in the application. The assessment measures the characteristics claimed. Certification will be issued if these characteristics fully match those set down in the benchmark reference. 25 November

2 Responses adapted for the needs of our clients
Guarantee conformance of products Standards, specifications, directives, norms national, european or international Managing organisation ISO 9001, ISO 14001, OHSAS 18001, ISO 27001, ISO 50001 ISO 22000, ISO 13485, ISO/TS 16949, AS 9100, IRIS Évaluating and valorising obligations Management models, universal and specific Measuring today to prepare tomorrow Product certification revolves mainly around the NF, GS, Kitemark, GOST R or other national marks, targeting household appliances, consumer goods, electrical appliances, safety equipment, industrial products, buildings, 'green' goods... and the list goes on, covering hundreds of thousands of individual products, all certified NF-compliant. AFNOR Certification's product certifications package also features the Keymark, designed to attest product conformity to European standards, and Ecolabels, which flag environmentally-friendly products. The range also extends to the AFNOR Validation mark which certifies commercially-available microbiological test kits widely used in the food business and by water industry professionals. AFAQ Global Performance. AFAQ 1000NR Superior pilotage models. Solutions for sustainable development

3 Risk definition Risk - effect of uncertainty on objectives
NOTE 1 An effect is a deviation from the expected — positive and/or negative. NOTE 2 Objectives can have different aspects (such as financial, health and safety, and environmental goals) and can apply at different levels (such as strategic, organization-wide, project, product and process). NOTE 3 Risk is often characterized by reference to potential events (2.19) and consequences (2.20), or a combination of these. NOTE 4 Risk is often expressed in terms of a combination of the consequences of an event (including changes in circumstances) and the associated likelihood (2.21) of occurrence NOTE 5 Uncertainty is the state, even partial, of deficiency of information related to, understanding or knowledge of anevent, its consequence, or likelihood. ISO Guide 73:2009, definition 1.1 ISO 31000 Now we can use ISO for universal definitions of risk: it is an effect of uncertainty on objectives. Meanwhile more habitual (usual) ISO Guide 73 definition is also quite applicable.

4 Operational efficiency Ecology/security
Risks mapping for coal industry 4 main risk centers on results of operational and financial activities Strategy risks High oil prices increase coal consumption CO2 emissions reduce coal extraction Operational efficiency manual labor substitution to equipment for extraction in hard conditions assets diversification for shareholders effectiveness Ecology/security monitoring for law compliance incidents investigation for minimization Risk centre Financial risks price instability affects on cash flow percentage yields affects on profits It was mentioned that any management operates with profits and risks. Like this in cola industry four main risks centers could be described Strategically coal market effected by economic growth and concurrence from oil and gas. Now carbonic gas regulations reduce coal extraction. Further development of operational efficiency stipulates replacement of manual labor for the benefit of modern equipment. Recourses which necessary to achieve ecology and safety objectives could be inappropriately high. Approbated methods described in standard ISO models could help different organizations to reach holistic view and to optimize business expenses. . Главный финансовый риск связан с нестабильностью мировых цен на уголь. Хотя годовой Value-at-Risk цен на уголь меньше чем соответствующий показатель для нефти и газа, модель цен на базе последних 15 лет показывает, что cash-flow может падать до 30% вследствие ценового шока Модель ценообразования угольного рынка включает две компоненты: потребление угля, зависящее от экономического роста, и «конкуренцию» со стороны других источников энергии, в основном, нефти, газа и ядерной энергии Для экспортеров всегда остается существенным валютный риск Угольная промышленность требует существенных инвестиций, поэтому процентный риск может оказать серьезное воздействие на доход. Так если, компания выпустила год назад обязательство в USD, привязанное к LIBOR, процентные расходы за этот период выросли почти на 40% Крупные угольные экспортеры активно используют производные инструменты для хеджирования финансовых рисков По мнению ряда угольных компаний существенным риском является также кредитный риск дебиторской задолженности

5 CE Marking (e.g.Medical Devises) Conformity Procedures
Manufacturer ‘self- declaration’ Annex VII Technical File (>5 year) A Type examination Annex III B Full Quality Assurance Annex II ISO 13485 H Design dossier D E S I G N P R O D U C T I N Product Quality Assurance Annex VI ISO /- E Production Quality Assurance Annex V ISO D Product Verification Annex IV F Statis- tical 100% Product assessment intended to miniize risk for customers and users and first of all to guarantee safety of consumer goods or tools and equipment, such as. medical devises The CE mark is compulsory in Europe for any product targeted under one or more EU Directives. It indicates that the CE-labelled product meets all the essential requirements on safety, public health and consumer protection laws.   CE-marked products are free to trade throughout the European single market whwn notified body such as AFNOR Certification has been given notification on relevant directives in relation to construction products, personal protective equipment, lifts, pressure equipment. The choice of relevant conformity procedure based on the results of risk anlyses in respect to obligatory Directives requirements, e g. Active Implantables, AIMD (90/385/EEC) Obligatory since January 1, 1995 Medical Devices, MDD (93/43/EEC) Obligatory since June 14, 1998 In Vitro Diagnostics, IVDD (98/79/EC) Obligatory since December 7, 2003 (distribution ‘old-devices’: until December 7, 2005) CE-mark No NB NOTIFIED BODY Assessment

6 CE Marking Medical Devises Preparation
Technical file Design control Product information & specification Design / Type test reports (Ess. Req.) Risk analysis Label & user information (translation Production control Manufacturing process information Final test reports > Quality Assurance system for: design, process and/or final test Risk classification 18 classification rules: External / internal the body Duration: 1 hour / 30 days / long-term Location in the body: central circulatory or nervous system Therapeutic / diagnostic Administer energy / substances (medicines) Active / non-active Sterile or measurement function Special devices (i.e. blood-bags It means that initially organization preparing technical file carry out risk analyze based on risk classification

7 CE Marking Medical Devises Assessment
Risk classes Low risk class I: i.e. non - invasive Medium risk (low danger) class IIa: i.e. invasive - short (60 min - 30 days) Medium risk (hazardous) class IIb: i.e. invasive - long (> 30 days) High risk class III: i.e. contact vital organ  important for the assessment procedure only! Conformity procedures depends on: Risk classification; Availability of information Quality system implementation / certification Suppliers and sub-contractors Manufacturer decision And after that notification body defines the assessment scheme based on risk classes. It should be also true for product certification.

8 ISO 31000 – base for management system integration
QMS ISO 14001 EMS OHSAS 18001 OHSS ISO ICMS ISO 50001 EEM …and basis for management system integration. The assessment services enable business to deploy simple yet well-geared tools for continually assessing process performance quality, environment, OH&S, food safety, information security, energy management AFNOR Certification draws on unparalleled expertise in the audit sector to offer businesses an assessment services package.. AFAQ 1000 NR assessments cover the complete business management system end-to-end, targeting the company's ability to efficiently deploy their vision and sustainable development objectives. In addition to quality, safety and environment management certifications, AFNOR Certification has also engineered a performance assessment solution. This assessment solution enables AFNOR Certification to issue customers with a scheduled assessment as groundwork to a full-blown certification audit. This solution involves a snapshot taken at time T to assess the management system in terms of all-round conformity or level of maturity. All AFNOR Certification assessments factor in the customer's values, corporate culture, core activities and business objectives ISO Risk-management

9 ISO 14001/OHSAS 18001 Risk analyses
Actual data Drainage systems Dumping content Specification Norms Public expenses Carrying-away Penalty charges Review Activities Production Services Processes Ecology and OH&S significance Previous and current actions Ecology aspects – risks for environment Hazards – risks for health Though risk is not the mandatory requirement of ISO 14001, Business concerns Stakeholder expectations - shareholders expect minimum environmental liability and regulators expect regulatory compliance. Regulatory requirements - specify discharge standards and management practices. Public perception - effect on public image of the organization Industry leading practices - Chemical Industry Association Responsible Care, optional standards & codes of practices. Abatement costs - costs of changing/reducing the impact. Production - effect of changing/reducing the impact on other activities and processes. and Environmental concerns Relative contribution - contribution of factor compared to local/regional/ global contribution. Scientific evidence - no evidence of effects of CFCs in the 1970s whilst now there is evidence, over time scientific evidence may support further effects. Sensitivity of receiving environment - quality and use of surface water into which you are discharging and speed at which environment recovers from impact. Temporal and spatial variations affecting sensitivity. Scale of impact - graphical scale of impact e.g. local, regional, global. Probability of occurrence - likelihood of impact occurring e.g., high, medium, low - this is important for abnormal and emergency activities. Duration of impact - length (temporal) of impact (including whether impact is reversible). Make it’s application quite sensible and cost profitable.

10 ISO/14001/OHSAS 18001 PLANNING Policy Management Objectives programs
Risk Assessment Risk assessments is mandatory requirement in OHSAS 18001:2007, it is also legislation requirement in many countries and it means that organization should use results of risk assessment for management programs. Legislation

11 Risk = Threat x Vulnerability x Value
Information security risks Exploit Vulnerabilities Threats Expose Protect Against Increase Increase Assets Controls Risks Increase Reduce Have Indicate Met by Asset Values Security Requirements The same concerns for risks in information security, which is also one of he main conditions of business community. Asset values could be used in three dimensional calculation additionally to size and likelihood of threats. Potential Impact on Business Risk = Threat x Vulnerability x Value

12 ISO 22000/HACCP risks Biological Physical Chemical Dangerous factors
Bacteria Mold fungi Yeast fungi Protozoa People Plants Premises Equipemn Packaging Vermin Remains Contacts Contaminations Biological Physical Chemical The most number of sector’s standard such as medicine or food industry contain risk assessment as mandatory requirement.

13 insignificant serious critical catastrophically
Risk matrix frequently likely randomly unlikely impossible incredible insignificant serious critical catastrophically Frequency occurrence Boundary zone Unacceptable zone Acceptable zone The usual method ranking frequency occurrence and damage degree is quite understandable and practically effective. Damage weight

14 Preparing the audit QES Risk activity classification
EA SECTORIAL SKILLS/EA CODES Quality Environ- ment Safety Exceptions 1d Fishing Normal High Q- H for fish products 3 Food products, beverage & tobacco N Q – H for meat, dairy, child food 17b Pressure Vessels H 25 Production & distribution of electricity Q - H if nuclear hydraulic, thermal H - if basic nuclear installation 28 a Construction, civil engineering

15 Preparing the audit Allocation of audit team
Normal High LA on his/her own Generalist (or specialist) Qualified on the scope of competence concerned Specialist Audit team One of the auditors is qualified on the scope of competence concerned One of the auditors is qualified on the scope of competence

16 Conducting the audit. Finding results
Non-conformity - failure to satisfy a standard requirement affecting the organisation introducing a proven risk of recurring or unique non respect of a specified requirement The risks to be taken into account concerned are as follows: In quality, they mainly concern Clients. In health and safety, they mainly concern Staff. In environment, they mainly concern the Community in a broad sense. Minor Non Conformity - failure to satisfy a requirement of the reference criteria affecting the organisation, not leading to a significant risk of non respect of a specified requirement. System Weakness - Element of the Management System, upon which audit evidence shows that the organisation risks no longer reaching the reference criteria requirements, in the short or long term.

17 Conducting the audit Documented report
Nonconformity Report Organisation: XXXXX - Audit: [02/2009] Minor N° 01 Nonconformity noted Requirement reference – Standard clause number or procedure reference ISO 9001: Evidence: Findings results. Description of nonconformity / System NC: Lack of identification system for pre-cast concrete units at production stages (marking and cutting of reinforcing steel, assembling and welding of carcasses, concreting in forms, warehousing and delivering). Risk (client/product/process/system): Inequality, for productionb processes. Sites concerned: Reinforcing workshop, assembling workshop Executive Summary of Strengths Customers / Business Procedures - organisation – business line – operational expertise Learning Curve – resources – continuous improvements Observed best practices Strong points Executive Summary of Weaknesses Identified risk – Impacts of the management system Weak points Identified opportunities for improvement Technical aspects of the audit Exclusions - Outsourcing – Justifications Requirements linked to regulations and legislation: Handling of client complaints

18 AFAQ 100NR Sustainable development. Integration of three spheres
Well-being of people taking health into account respect people (diversity) considering employee as a stakeholder manage relations with Unions, government representatives, neighbourhood Access to new markets, share the added value, earn money, increase stakeholders confidence, minimize risks, attract investors, Innovate, find new values social corporate investments Social Economy Environment Sustainable Respect the environment Use clean technology take biodiversity into account Eco design Wastes, recycling Re use What is sustainable development? Forward-thinking sustainable development solutions, spanning both the investment input and potential opportunities output, have now been scaled and quantified. The solutions are tailored to word from the business world. From an ethical, environmental and social responsibility stance, sustainability is set to be a mid-term factor driving increased turnover, lower expenditure, and better growth in profitability. The AFNOR is one of the leading protagonists in the area. The AFNOR is part of the team responsible for the upcoming market release of standard ISO 26000, which is set to mark the same kind of revolutionary step forward as ISO 9001 was for quality and ISO for the environment Development that responds to current needs without compromising the capacity of future generations to respond to theirs. Two concepts are inherent to this notion: • the concept of “needs”, in particular the essential needs of the world’s poor to which overriding priority should be given; • the idea of the limitations imposed by the state of technology and social organization on the environment’s ability to meet present and future needs.” Brundtland Report: “Our Common Future” 1987

19 Ecological footprint and human development indicator
High HDI level Damaged environment Developed economy Under-developed economy Protected environment Sustainable development 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Ecological footprint (ha / inhabitant) Needs of future generations 0,1 0,2 0,3 0,4 0,5 0,6 0,7 0,8 0,9 11 Human development indicator –HDI Needs of current generations Level of ecological sustainability Source: Aurélien Boutaud, ENSMSE, RAEE

Standards-based approach OECD ILO, OHSAS… Green book Global Compact SD 21000 ISO 14001 Charters, declarations SYSTEM SIGMA Strategy / management system SA8000 AA1000 Q-RES VMS GRI Reporting – private initiatives Private initiatives Max Havelaar label Ecolabel PRODUCT Fair trade NF environment PEFC FSC Standards-based approach Private initiatives Reference framework covering the 3 mainstays of sustainable development

21 Risk and sustainable development
Sustainable development improvements are compatible with the goals of risk assessment: to protect nature, human health while maintaining sustainable forms of economic development. The concept of sustainable risk suggests that cost-benefit analysis can also be applied to a broader economic development issue, The burden on future generations shall be minimized by - selecting disposal options for radioactive wastes which do not rely on long-term institutional controls as a necessary safety feature; - implementing these disposal options at an appropriate time, technical, social, and economic factors being taken into account; ensuring that there are no predicted future risks to human health and environment that would not be currently accepted Michael D. Mehta From its inception, the concept of environmental sustainability meant considering the economic impacts of decisions on resource use and allocation. It implies that economic instruments like emissions credits and shadow pricing mechanisms makes environmental stewardship more profitable for some industries, improves the health and well-being of ecosystems and humans overall, and stimulates the impetus for greater social and economic equity. These improvements are compatible with the goals of risk assessment; namely, to protect human health while maintaining sustainable patterns of economic development. Although risk assessment is not normally understood in this way, it is essential that the links with sustainable development be made stronger (or more obvious) in order to promote better, fairer (equitable), and more timely environmental policy

22 1. Strategic approach and managerial practices
AFAQ 1000NR: Measure your responsible strategic approach today to prepare for tomorrow Assessment 1. Strategic approach and managerial practices 2. Results 1.1 Vision and strategy 1.2 Managing the strategic approach 1.3 Modes of production, consumption and sustainability of products 1.4 Territorial involvement 1.5 Managing human resources 2.1 Environmental results 2.2 Social results 2.3 Economic results

23 AFAQ 1000NR assessment criteria
Criterions 1.1.4 The company determines its significant issues based especially on the identification of risks The information and data on products, activities and the system are analyzed and used: risk data in the economic, social and environmental fields are identified and used 1.4.1 The company integrates the characteristics of its territory in its risk analysis 2.1.4 Biodiversity : habitats are located in zones affected by the activities, listed by level of risk of extinction 2.2.6 Human rights: activities identified as presenting a significant risk of incidents 2.2.7 Civil society: percentage and total number of strategic business areas analyzed for the risks related to corruption . 2.3.1 Economic performance: financial implications and other risks and opportunities for the organisation’s activities as a result of climate change 1. Strategic approach and managerial practices 1.1 Vision and strategy 1.2 Managing the approach 1.4 Territorial presence 2. Results 2.1 Environmental results 2.2 Social results 2.3 Economic results

24 E-mail:
RESUME Risk management in conformity assessment helps to ensure confidence for products and systems and to minimize risks for today business and customers taking into account the needs of future generations. Thanks for attention!

Télécharger ppt "Risk in conformity assessment"

Présentations similaires

Annonces Google