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GDMO / CMIS / CMIP Karina Marcus Institut Eurécom.

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Présentation au sujet: "GDMO / CMIS / CMIP Karina Marcus Institut Eurécom."— Transcription de la présentation:

1 GDMO / CMIS / CMIP Karina Marcus Institut Eurécom

2 Le modèle OSI Cadre général –s'inscrit dans la partie 4 du modèle de référence OSI –spécifie les procédures de gestion d'un réseau hétérogène –définit le cadre architectural des normes de gestion OSI Objectifs "planifier, coordonner, organiser, contrôler et superviser les ressources utilisées dans les communications conformes au modèle OSI et rendre compte de leur utilisation"

3 Trois modèles Modèle organisationnel Modèle dinformation Modèle fonctionnel

4 Le modèle organisationnel définit le cadre pour répartir la gestion s'appuie sur les concepts de "systèmes gérés" et de "systèmes gérants" (agents and management systems) le processus d'application de gestion distribuée (DMAP : Distributed management application process) est l'application qui contrôle et surveille les objets gérés. le processus agent (AP : Agent Process) permet la gestion locale.

5 Schéma dorganisation Système d'administration Processus de gestion CMISE CMIP Processus agent Fonctions Objets gérés D Système administré

6 Objets gérés Objet administré Attributs Opération Notification

7 Le modèle dinformation Une approche objet –un langage de description –un langage déchanges Des principes –nommage –enregistrement Des bibliothèques

8 Approche objets Objectif : Permettre de définir les objets administrés de manière standard –cohérence des définitions –cohérence avec l'environnement d'administration (CMIP et fonctions) –répartition du travail

9 Modèle objet Le modèle définit : –ce qu'est un objet –de quoi il est composé –ce qu'il peut faire –ce qui peut lui être fait –comment il est nommé dans le protocole –comment il est relié aux autres objets

10 Description des objets Les attributs Les méthodes Les relations Les paquetages conditionnels L'arbre de contenance L'allomorphisme

11 Hierarchy tree example TOP Open System Layer Entity ConnectionCounterAddress T-entity T-connection TPDU counter Peer T-address Hierarchy subtree

12 Hierarchy and contenance tree example TOP Open System Layer Entity ConnectionCounterAddress T-entity T-connection TPDU counter Peer T-address Hierarchy subtree + Contenance

13 Name Levels DN: LDN: RDN: T-connectionId=1, DN and LDN are sequence of RDNs, MO instances can be referenced either as DNs or LDNs since their application is relative to a given association with a given agent. systemId=fuschia systemId=lotus T-entityId=TCP T-connectionId=1T-connectionId=2... root

14 GDMO: Guidelines for the Definition of MOs Templates for the definition of the interface to managed objects: –Nature of managed objects in the MIT, inheritance relationships, features –Structure of the MIT, –Limited specification of behaviors Features of MOs are encapsulated into packages, one mandatory and eventually optional packages: –Attributes with their ASN.1 syntax, access modes and matching rules, –Actions with ASN.1 types for their action argument, reply and parameters, –Notifications with ASN.1 types for event argument, reply and parameters. Name bindings: possible containment relationships between classes (superior, subordinate and a naming attribute), MIT and MOs are purely virtual management abstractions, there is no need for any corresponding actual representations.

15 Information Model All that is defined using the templates may be registered in the registration tree. Templates to specify –Managed object class –Package –Parameter –Behavior –Notification – Name binding – Attribute – Attribute group – Action

16 The registration tree root (world) ccitt iso joint-iso-ccitt std reg member org authority body dod internet directory mgmt experimental private entreprises reserved proteon ibm hp MIB-1 MIB-2 1 ms 3 9 smi part1partN... 1N

17 Outil de description Les gabarits GDMO –MANAGED OBJECT CLASS : définition d'une classe –PACKAGE –PARAMETER –NAME BINDING –ATTRIBUTE –GROUP-ATTRIBUTE –BEHAVIOUR –ACTION –NOTIFICATION

18 Managed Object Class Template MANAGED OBJECT CLASS [DERIVED FROM [, ]*;] [ALLOMORPHIC SET [, ]*;] [CHARACTERIZED BY [, ]*;] [CONDITIONAL PACKAGES PRESENT IF [, PRESENT IF ]*;] [PARAMETERS [, ]*;] REGISTERED AS ;

19 Package Template PACKAGE [BEHAVIOUR DEFINITIONS [, ]*;] [ATTRIBUTES propertylist [ ]* [, propertylist [ ]*]*;] [ACTIONS [ ]* [, [ ]*]*;] [NOTIFICATIONS [ ]* [, [ ]* ]*;] [REGISTERED AS ];

20 Package Template Propertylist -> [REPLACE WITH DEFAULT] [DEFAULT VALUE ] [INITIAL VALUE ] [PERMITTED VALUES ] [REQUIRED VALUES ] [get-replace] [add-remove] get-replace -> GET | REPLACE | GET-REPLACE add-remove -> ADD | REMOVE | ADD-REMOVE

21 Example of a class exampleObjectClass MANAGED OBJECT CLASS DERIVED FROM "Rec. X.721 | ISO/IEC : 1992" : top; CHARACTERIZED BY examplePackage1 PACKAGE; examplePackage2 CONDITIONAL PACKAGE ACTIONS qOSResetAction; NOTIFICATION communicationError ; REGISTRED AS {joint-iso-ccitt ms(9) smi(3) part4(4) package(4) examplepack1(0)}; PRESENT IF!conformance class 2 of underlying ressource implemented as descriptor in ISO/IEC xxxx! ; REGISTRED AS {joint-iso-ccitt ms(9) smi(3) part4(4) managedObjectClass(3) exampleclass(0)} ;

22 Example : system object system MANAGED OBJECT CLASS DERIVED FROM top; CHARACTERIZED BY systemPackagePACKAGE ATTRIBUTESsystemIdGET, systemTitleGET, operationalStateGET, usageStateGET, administrativeStateGET-REPLACE;;; CONDITIONAL PACKAGES administrativeStatePackagePACKAGE ATTRIBUTESadministratoveStateGET-REPLACE; REGISTERED AS{smi2Package14}; PRESENT IF "an instance supports it",....

23 The object TOP topMANAGED OBJECT CLASS CHARACTERIZED BY topPackage PACKAGE BEHAVIOUR topBehaviour; ObjectClassGET, nameBindingGET;;; CONDITIONAL PACKAGESpackagesPackagePACKAGE ATTRIBUTESpackagesGET; REGISTERED AS {smi2Package 16}; PRESENT IF "any REGISTERED package, other than this package has been instancied", allomorphicPackagePACKAGE ATTRIBUTESallomorphsGET; REGISTERED AS {Smi2Package 17}; PRESENT IF "if an object supports allomorphism"; REGISTERED AS {smi2MObjectClass 14}; topBehaviourBEHAVIOUR DEFINED AS "This is the top level of managed object class hierarchy and every other managed objet class is a specialization of either this generic class (top) or a specialization of a subclass of top..."

24 Attribute Template ATTRIBUTE derived-or-with-syntax-choice; [MATCHES FOR qualifier [, qualifier]*;] [BEHAVIOUR [, ]*] [PARAMETERS [, ]*;] [REGISTERED AS ]; qualifier -> EQUALITY | ORDERING | SUBSTRINGS | SET COMPARISON | SET INTERSECTION derived-or-with-syntax-choice -> DERIVED FROM | WITH ATTRIBUTE SYNTAX

25 Attribute definition example eventTime ATTRIBUTE WITH ATTRIBUTE SYNTAXE AttributeASN1Module.EventTime ; MATCHES FOR EQUALITY, ORDERING; BEHAVIOUR timeOrdering; REGISTERED AS {smi2AttributeID 13}; timeOrdering BEHAVIOUR DEFINED AS The year, month, day, hour, minute, and seconds fields are compared in order to determine whether the specified value is greater or less than the value of the attribute. The values for the year, month, day, hour, minute, and seconds are determined from the character string representation and the year value is first compared. If equal, the month value is compared and this process is continues if the compared fields are equal.

26 Managed Object Naming Locating MOs in the MIT, Supported by the name binding template establishing a containment relationship between a superior MOC and a subordinate MOC according to a naming attribute of the subordinate class, Example transportConnection-nb-1 NAME BINDING SUBORDINATE OBJECT CLASS T-connection; NAMED BY SUPERIOR OBJECT CLASS T-entity; WITH ATTRIBUTE T-connectionId; DELETE deletes-contained-objects; T-entityId=TCP T-connectionId=1T-connectionId=n...

27 Name Binding Template NAME BINDING SUBORDINATE OBJECT CLASS ; NAMED BY SUPERIOR OBJECT CLASS ; WITH ATTRIBUTE ; [BEHAVIOUR [ ]*;] [CREATE [create-modifier [,create-modifier]] [ ]*;] [DELETE delete-modifier [ ]*;] REGISTERED AS create-modifier -> WITH-REFERENCE-OBJECT | WITH-AUTOMATIC-INSTANCE-NAMING delete-modifier -> ONLY-IF-NO-CONTAINED-OBJECTS | DELETE-CONTAINED-OBJECTS

28 CMIS Services vs GDMO CMIS services enable access/manipulation of the MIT, GDMO specifications give the rules to define adequate CMIS parameters, Name Bindings and naming attribute give the object instance names for MOs, ASN.1 attribute types, action / event argument / reply / parameters types are given by the corresponding GDMO specifications, Attribute matching rules determine the possible filters

29 CMISE/CMIP Les services de CMISE –Interactions avec les interfaces des objets (lecture, écriture, creation, destruction dinstances,...) –Utilisation des principes de nommage –Sélection dobjets multiples –Actions multiples (atomicité)

30 Sélection dobjets multiples Scoping Filtering (valeurs dattributs)

31 Multiple Object Selection and Multiple Replies Multiple object selection = scoping + filtering scoping: baseObject=3 wholeSubTree: 3,6,7,8,9,10,11, nthLevel e.g. 1stLevel: 6,7, baseToNthLevel e.g. baseTo1stLevel: 3,6,7. Filtering: logical expression on MO attribute values (numerical or string based comparisons) grouped through AND/OR/NOT logical operators, This results as a subset of MIT MOs on which is executed the CMIS request (m-get, m-set, m-action, m-delete) and incurring several replies, Multiple replies may also simply occur through action incurring several replies

32 Services CMIP Opération/notificationService Mode Get attribute valueM-GET confirmé M-CANCEL-GET confirmé Replace attribute value Replace with default value Add memberM-SETconf/non-conf Remove member CreateM-CREATE confirmé DeleteM-DELETE confirmé ActionM-ACTIONconf/non-conf NotificationM-EVENT-REPORTconf/non-conf

33 Exemple : M_CREATE Paramètres spécifiques –superior object instance –reference object instance Service –nommage : c'est-à-dire définir le GDN (Global Distinguished Name) -->choisir le supérieur dans l'arbre de nommage choisir le RDN (Relative Distinguished Name) M-CREATE utilise 3 paramètres spécifiques : - MOC (Managed object Class) - sa classe - MOI (Managed Object Instance) - son GDN - SOI (Superior Object Instance) - le GDN du supérieur Le gestionnaire a trois possibilités : il peut envoyer MOC et MOI, MOC et SOI ou MOC Dans tous les cas, l'agent renverra MOC et MOI

34 Exemple : M_CREATE services (suite) –Valorisation des attributs Par ordre de priorité : liste d'attributs envoyés valeurs de l'objet de référence valeurs par défaut de la classe

35 Quelques liens... GDMO - a searchMiddleware definition - see also: Guidelines GDMO, GDMO (Guidelines for Definition of Managed Objects) is a standard for defining objects in a network in a consistent way. With a consistent "language" for Solstice GDMO Builder Solstice TM GDMO Builder Solstice GDMO Builder Home | Management Home | software site map, Solstice GDMO Builder : Overview k - Cached - Similar pages A Methodology for Formalizing GDMO Behavior Descriptions -... A Methodology for Formalizing GDMO Behavior Descriptions (1999) (Correct) (1 citation) P. Hasselmeyer Information Technology Transfer Office Darmstadt... citeseer.nj.nec.com/hasselmeyer99methodology.html - 18k - Cached - Similar pages etc….. Rechercher GDMO avec Google J ai noté pour vous :


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