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Recherche et Développement Scientifique en Israel Ministère de la Science, Culture & Sport H. Bercovier et David Mendlovic H. Bercovier et David Mendlovic.

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Présentation au sujet: "Recherche et Développement Scientifique en Israel Ministère de la Science, Culture & Sport H. Bercovier et David Mendlovic H. Bercovier et David Mendlovic."— Transcription de la présentation:

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2 Recherche et Développement Scientifique en Israel Ministère de la Science, Culture & Sport H. Bercovier et David Mendlovic H. Bercovier et David Mendlovic Eyesquad

3 Télécommande Irrigation goutte à goutte, Cartes intelligentes pour accès aux programmes TV satellites, Pentium III/IV et Centrino Programmes pour téléphones cellulaires et Modems Zip-Unzip, Internet Chat, Médicaments pour la maladie d Alzheimer, Cancer, Sclérose en plaques, maladie de Parkinson… Stents cardiaques, Disk on Key Méthode de Feldenkrais Hamster Syrien …

4 Mission des UNIVERSITES * Excellence et création du savoir pour les 7 Institutions de Recherches/Universités * Doivent préparer la prochaine génération de scientifiques et de cadres de la société.

5 Etudiants dans l Education Supérieure

6 Développement des Institutions d Education supérieure dans les années 90.

7 Le PBC Budget Institutions of Higher Education Research & other Bodies Aide aux étudiants To be an independent body between the Government and the Institutions of higher education, in all matters relating to allocations for higher education

8 Principe du Modèle 1. Le modèle a 2 compartiments séparés: Enseignement Recherche

9 Compartiment Recherche Sur une base compétitive, il comprend 4 éléments: 1. Revenus de recherches compétitives 35% 2. Revenus de recherches non compétitives 20% 3. Publications Scientifiques 15% Poids 4. Doctorants 30% (La part de HUJ est 29%)

10 Scientific Publications – and Number of Citations in Scientific Literature – 2001 per Million Population (us=1.00) Source: Science & Engineering Indicators 2004, US NSF

11 10 Israel As a Scientific Leader Scientific Publications – Israel is one of the two world wide leader in scientific publications per capita – 1% of the scientific worldwide publications, 2% in mathematics Scientific Citations – Israel is the 3 rd worldwide leader in citations per capita. In 6 over 20 scientific fields, Israel is number 1 Scientists Per Capita – 0.5% of the overall population. Israel is number 1 with 133 scientists per 10,000 employees Investment Is Science – Israel invests more than 4% of the Gross National Product (#1), more than Finland and Sweden (3.3%)

12 Scientific Publications of Israel and neighboring countries As Percentage of World Publications Source: Science & Engineering Indicators 2004, US NSF Israel Middle East & North African Countries (Exc. Israel)

13 Position de la Science Israélienne Sciences des matériaux et nanotechnologie: 1 er rang Sciences de lordinateur : 2 eme rang Economie et management: 4 eme rang Chimie: 5 eme rang. Mathématiques: 7 eme rang Biologie: 8 eme Immunologie: 13 eme Microbiologie: 15 eme, 14 eme en Psychologie et Psychiatrie, 18 eme en Sciences sociales et 22 eme en Médecine Clinique.

14 13 Ranking Of The 5 Leaders Per Fields Israel Rank Among The 5 LeadersArea Israel, USA, Swiss, Canada, DenmarkComputer science USA, Swiss, Israel, Holland, SwedenChemistry USA, Denmark, Holland, Israel, SwissMaterials USA, Swiss, GB, Holland, IsraelMicrobiology Swiss, USA, Germany, Holland, IsraelMulec. Biology and genetics Swiss, Denmark, USA, Holland, IsraelPhysics Sweden, GB, Denmark, Canada, HollandAgriculture science USA, Swiss, Holland, Canada, GBAstrophysics USA, Australia, GB, Swiss, FranceEarth science

15 Prix Nobel Littérature (S. Agnon) Paix Physique (D. Gross) Chimie (Hershko & Ciechanover) Economie (Kahneman & Aumann) Chimie (R. Kornberg)

16 ERC competition 2007 CNRS (France) 16 Max-Planck Society (Germany) 10 University of Cambridge (UK) 10 Technion 7 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientcas 7 Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (Italy) 6 Hebrew University of Jerusalem 6 Imperial College London (UK) 5 University College London (UK) 5 - Weizmann Institute of Science 5 Oxford(UK) University 5 Katholieke Universiteit Leuven 4 Ruprecht-Karls-Universitat Heidelberg 4 - Tel Aviv University 4

17 2007

18 4.2

19

20 20% in 1991

21 R&D evaluation IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook (Japans ranking) Fuente: White Paper on International Trade 2002 (Citado en Journal of Japanese Trade &Industry July/August 2002, Japan Economic Foundation)

22 21 BASIC RESEARCH Several funding resources mainly in Universities and research institutes STRATEGIC RESEARCH The well known Gray Zone APPLIED RESEARCH Min. of Trade & Industry and Commercial companies Research in Israel – Mind The Gap "Strategic Research - the Connecting Link" Directed R&D

23 Orienter la R&D Ministry of Science, Culture & Sport

24 23 Governmental Funding In Israel Mandatory for success in science and technology - Excellence Encouraging the excellence is carried out by various organizations: OrganizationPriority byType of R&D Ministry of EducationAcademic excellenceBasic Sciences Ministry of Industry, Trade & Labor Commercial excellenceApplied and commercial Ministry of Science and other Governmental Ministries National prioritiesApplied infrastructure Only the Ministry of Science and its related Chief Scientists prioritize their funds per national priorities and long term scientific vision

25 24 Chief Scientists Forum MOST is head and organizer of the Chief Scientist Forum This forum is responsible to execute the Governmental R&D directions in Israel It includes: Defining national priorities Announcement and review Shared infrastructures Meets monthly and activate various sub-committees An observer of the NCRD participates all meetings

26 25 Pie Of Governmental R&D Investment

27 The Ministry of Science - A Close Look Ministry of Science, Culture & Sport

28 27 Vision in Science and Technology Israel as a small country cannot invest in all Spectrums of R&D. There is a need for a national professional guiding hand. Israel as a leading nation in science and technology, strives towards Excellence. The Ministry of Science plays a central role in the shaping and leading the R&D policy of Israel. The Ministry is responsible for determining national priorities, enhancing physical and human resources infra-structures, magnifying the contribution of Israel and implementing the relative advantages of Israel.

29 28 Execution of the vision for long term objectives Positioning the Ministry of Science as a central role in shaping the science and technology policy of Israel Increase the MOST infrastructure program Establishing SEED programs that initiate R&D in Israel according to the national policy Generating a significant growth of the physical and human infrastructures Generating more intellectual infrastructure Supporting the expansion of scientific education in various social sectors in order to maximize the relative potential of Israel

30 La réalité Bottom-up Entropie maximale Conscience nationale Investissement dans les infrastructures dépendants des donateurs Rencontre entre ces facteurs et priorités nationales Priorités nationales déterminées par: Académie Nationale des Sciences Directeur(s) Général de la Science TELEM Les Universités Lindustrie

31 30 The MOST Infrastructure Program At least 2 research groups 3 year, 2M NIS fund per research Support activities only in the highest national priorities Outcome: Journal papers, patents, know how, professional manpower. Later on also many start ups and successful companies A complementary student fund program – Eshkol func. Generating a significant growth of the physical and human infrastructures in the selected prioritized directions

32 31 Changes In Priorities Focusing on funding significant strategic long term infra- structure projects and avoiding limited tactical projects Establishing pre-infra-structure project plan to improve the success rate of the infra-structure projects Shift of all strategic functions to NCRD Organization changes Computerizing the CSOs of all Ministries A new satellite

33 32 Science Division - Org Chart Chief Scientist Office Manager Operation & Control Bio-Science Agriculture & Environment Administration Assistant Exact Science Computers Scientific Assistant Advisors Regional R&D Professional Advisor Social Assistant Scientific Directors References Assistant International Affairs Director Professional Advisor Assistant Materials & Energy Professional Advisor Assistant Medicine Professional Advisor Assistant Israel Space Agency Assistant

34 33 Cooperative research programs. Membership in international organizations. Bi-national & international cooperative conferences. Researcher exchanges. International Scientific Relations

35 34 France Germany (BMBF+GIF) South Korea Croatia ChinaIndia UkraineSlovenia TaiwanRussia USA Bi-National Research Programs

36 35 To the Region For the Region About the Region Regional R&D Centers

37 36 Regional R&D Centers

38 37 Universities Research Institutes Industries Inter – Ministries coordination Civilization of space technologies International cooperation Support of space activity in Israel Launch multi- discipline projects Educational mission ISA – Israel Space Authority

39 38 National Priorities – Vertical, Horizontal Tissue Eng Stem Cells Water Photonics IT & Telecom Advanced Materials Space Nanotechnology Energy & Environment Science Policy

40 Les Relations Industrie- Universités Ministry of Science, Culture & Sport

41 Comparaison entre UK et USA pour le transfert de technologie Par $1 milliard de fonds de recherche US HUJ UK Spin-outs created Licensing income $31m $120m $12.4m Licenses signed in year » Invention disclosure »

42 Pharma Copaxone Exelon Rebif Doxil Azilec Plus de 3 Milliards de $ de ventes

43 Albert Einstein The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

44 43 4 Campuses 5 Affiliated Hospitals 24,000 Students 45% Graduate 1,000 Researchers (Staff Members) 1,600 Post-Graduate Students in Biotechnology Over 400 Researchers in Applied Sciences 3,500 Research Projects >100 Research Centres The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

45 Biomédicine 58 (Times Higher Education) Sciences Sociales 49 Humanités 41 Général 93 Général 65 (Shanghai) Publications 59 (CEST) HUJ Rang Mondial

46 ISF 2003/06 Exact Sciences 20% Life & Medicine 33% Social Sciences & Humanities 41% Microbiol50% Medicine40% Cell Biol.36% Mol biol36% Neurobiol 30% Immunol30% Ecology29% Biochem28% Plant biol28% Statistics67% Pol Sciences 57% Philo 50% Bible 50% Economics40% Litter.48% History39% Education33% Law30%

47 FONDS EXTERIEURS POUR LA RECHERCHE à HUJ (Par année académique ….) 107 Millions US $

48 INVESTISSEMENT annuel réel pour la Recherche à HUJ Grant/Centers Funds$ 107 Millions Bourses$ 16 Millions Salaires $ 135 Millions TOTAL$ 258 Millions 25 % de la recherche civile en Israel

49 48 Mission de Yissum (créée en 1964) Propriétaire exclusif de la PI de lUniversité: doit promouvoir le transfert de technologies vers lIndustrie et la Sociéte en général Yissum = Hebreu pour application

50 49 Research Money Yissum pays royalties to the researchers and HUJI HUJ researchers discover new invention & submits disclosure Yissum protects the IP and commercialises The Industry partner pays for the use of IP to Yissum $/EU Le Transfert de Technologie

51 50 La Propriété Intellectuelle et son partage Yissum est le propriétaire de tout développement réalisé à HU Les bénéfices nets sont redistribués: –40% des Royalties vont au chercheur –20% des royalties vont au Labo du chercheur –40% vont à l HU

52 En résumé Plus d $1 Milliard de ventes annuelles pour les produits développés à Hebrew University 5,500 brevets 1,600 inventions 480 licenses 65 spin-offs Levée de fonds dépassant $165 mil en 2007 auprès des VCs et dinvestisseurs privés.

53 ECOGEN INC.

54 Le mystère de lail enfin résolu Et pourtant elle tourne

55 Merci de votre attention


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