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Présentation au sujet: "TRAINING COURSE V.E01 ECLIPSE IP RAN (PACKET NODE)"— Transcription de la présentation:



3 Objectives 3 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 Upon completion of this module, participants would have refreshed their knowledge on the Eclipse system: Listing the functions and features of the Eclipse Platform Describing the hardware and configurations of the Eclipse Platform


5 Eclipse System Overview Split-mount architecture Node & Terminal platforms Node Modular platform with pluggable cards One Node supports multiple links and multiple customer interfaces: TDM, Ethernet, or SDH Terminal Each platform supports one link; no plug-in modules Different Terminal versions support TDM, Ethernet, or SDH 5 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 NodeTerminal

6 Eclipse Link Solutions 6 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 Terminal/IDU IDU 155o SDH/OC3 IDU ESEthernet + PDH IDU GE 20xGigE + PDH IDUsp 4x, 16x, & 20x PDH IDU GE3 16xGigE + PDH Nodal INU INUe

7 RF Solutions 7 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 ODU 600 Series NEW!ODU 300 series ODU300sp/hpODU600

8 PDH Capacities ETSI 4xE1 8xE1 16xE1 32xE1 5xE1 10xE1 20xE1 40xE1 48xE1 52xE1 64 - 75xE1 93 - 100xE1 ‘Standard’ PDH Rates 4,8,16,32xE1 ‘Enhanced’ PDH Rates 5,10,20,40xE1 High Speed Super- PDH Rates 48,52,64,75, 93 100xE1 8 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

9 Portal Portal is the Eclipse Configuration, Commissioning, and Diagnostic Craft Tool 9 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012


11 Eclipse Node Features Chassis with plug-in cards INU supports up to 3 links INUe supports up to 6 links Configurable TDM backplane bus Mandatory plug-ins Optional plug-ins ODU 300hp/sp, ODU 600 11 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

12 Eclipse Node Features PDH capacities to 100x E1 or 127xDS1 SDH 1x STM 1/OC3 or 2x STM 1/OC3 366Mbps DPP Fast or Gigabit Ethernet 6 to 38 GHz QPSK to 256QAM Hot-standby, diversity & ring protection Dual protection options Co-channel XPIC (CCDP) 12 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

13 Eclipse Node: Indoor Units 13 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012  INU – Intelligent Nodal Unit * 1RU with 4 option slots * Supports: 3 non-protected links, or 1 protected & I non-protected

14 Eclipse Node: Indoor Units 14 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012  INUe -Intelligent Nodal Unit extended * 2RU with 10 option slots * Supports: 6 non-protected links, or 1 protected & 4 non-protected, or 2 protected & 2 non-protected, or 3 protected

15 Node Plug-in Types Mandatory NCC : Node control card FAN : Fan card (cooling) Optional DAC : Digital access card (user interfaces) RAC : Radio access card (supports the ODU) AUX : Auxiliary card (auxiliary data & alarm I/O) NPC : Node protection card (NCC protection) PCC : Power Conversion Card 15 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

16 Node Slot Assignments: INU Slots 1, 2, 3, 4 are universal: any RAC, DAC, AUX Slot 4 is NPC or universal: NPC or RAC, DAC, AUX NCC & FAN slots are dedicated Protected RAC or DAC pairings may be in any two slots (1 – 4) 16 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

17 Node Slot Assignments: INUe 17 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012  Slots 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 are universal: any RAC, DAC, AUX  Slots 7, 8, 9 are restricted: Any DAC or AUX except those where NMS access is required (affects DAC 155oM & AUX)  Slot 10 is restricted: NPC only  NCC and FAN slots are dedicated  Protected RAC or DAC 155oM pairings must be installed in the positions shown by the arrows

18 Node Backplane Bus Provides the cross-connection between plug-ins Configurable for one of the following options: N x 2Mbps (E1 capable)(Max 100x) N x 1.5Mbps (DS1capable)(Max 128x) N x 34Mbps (E3 capable)(Max 4x) N x 45Mbps (DS3 capable)(Max 4x) N x 155Mbps (STM-1/OC3 capable)(Max 2x) Eclipse can therefore be an NxE1/DS1, NxE3/DS3, or NxSTM1/OC3 radio 18 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

19 Node Backplane Bus Contd 19 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

20 NCC – Node Control Card Micro-Controller for embedded S/W & NMS DC/DC conversion & distribution Generates TDM bus clock & signaling distribution Telemetry communication functions Boot flash memory License, SW, & Configuration flash Replaceable fuse Network Management access Ethernet switch with 4 ports for Management V.24 Maintenance port Voltage level & temperature management 20 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

21 Fan Card Holds two long life fans (only one is required for normal operation) Alternate operation to maximize operating life Fan speed monitor Fan control operation based on internal temperature Keep clear of vent holes for unobstructed air flow 2RU fan card for INUe 21 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

22 Node License A software License Key governs total node capacity and various feature options The license Key is stored in the Compact Flash Card The License is based on the Compact Flash Card's Serial Number and can be transferred to other (replacement) NCC cards or Terminals The License Key is field upgradeable The Compact Flash card also stores Configuration information and System Software, No need to reconfigure when the NCC is replaced 22 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

23 Node License - Options EZF-01: Layer 1 Link Aggregation EZF-02: Adaptive Modulation EZF-03: Secure Management EZF-04: Payload Encryption EZF-05: Ethernet over TDM EZF-06: Radius Server EZF-09: Synchronous Ethernet EZF-16: 64E1/DS1 Node ML-PPP EZF -08006: Node Licence 400Mbps Other node capacity options available 23 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

24 Radio Access Cards (RAC) RACs/ODUs are used in pairs for protected and diversity operation 24 TypeCapacities supportedChannel BandwithModualtionXPICACMDPPLook RAC 60 366 Mbit/s Ethernet 100xE1 3xE3 1/2xSTM1 56MHz QPSK, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256QAM NO QPSK, 16, 64, 256QAM YES RAC 6X 366 Mbit/s Ethernet 100xE1 3xE3 1/2xSTM2 56MHz QPSK, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256QAM YES QPSK, 16, 64, 256QAM YES RAC 30v3 150 Mbit/s Ethernet 75xE1 3xE3 1xSTM1 28 MHz QPSK, 16, 32, 64, 128QAM NO RAC 30a 150 Mbit/s Ethernet 75xE1 3xE3 1xSTM1 28 MHzQPSK, 16, 64QAMNO QPSK, 16, 64QAM NO RAC 3X 300 Mbit/s Ethernet 100xE1 3xE3 1/2xSTM1 56MHz 16, 64, 128, 256QAM NO RAC 40 150 Mbit/s Ethernet 75xE1 3xE3 1xSTM1 28 MHz32, 64, 128QAMYESNO RAC 4X 300 Mbit/s Ethernet 100xE1 3xE3 1/2xSTM1 56MHz 16, 64, 128, 256QAM YESNO AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

25 Radio Access Card ACM 25 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 RAC 60/6X ACM (Adaptive Coding and Modulation) Adaptive Modulation QPSK – 256QAM Adaptive Coding Max Gain or Max Throughput Up to 4X capacity increase Chose up to 4 ACM steps

26 Data Access Cards (DAC) DAC GE3DAC 3XE3 DAC GEv2DAC 3XE3M DAC ESDAC 155e/o DAC 16XDAC 2X155e/o DAC 4XDAC 155e/oM 26 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

27 Node Plug-ins: DACs NCM-Network Convergence Module (NEW!) Works in tandem with the DAC GE3 to facilitate IP over TDM (IPoTDM) Uses PPP/ML-PPP protocol Front Panel connectors: Two 10/100/1000 Base-T ports with RJ-45 Connectors 8xE1 tributaries (HDR connector) for direct termination of E1s Allows for indirect termination of up to 32 E1s via the backplane 27 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

28 Node Plug-ins: Ethernet DACs 28 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 Three Ethernet DAC cards available Supports Ethernet + many feature options DAC ES 4 Electrical Fast Ethernet Ports DAC GE 4 Gigabit Ethernet ports, 3 Electrical + 1 SFP DAC GE3 5 Gigabit Ethernet ports, 3 Electrical + 2 SFPs Discussed in more detail later in the training course

29 DAC Protection 29 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 VariantConnectionProtectable DAC 4x4xE1/DS1No DAC 16x16xE1/DS1No DAC 16x V216xE1/DS1Yes DAC 3xE3/DS3M3xE3/DS3, 2xM13, 2x34 Mbps transparent E3Yes DAC 1x155o1xSTM1/OC3Yes DAC 2x155o2xSTM1/OC3Yes DAC 2x155e2xSTM1 electricalYes DAC 155oM1xSTM1/OC3 optical to NxE1/DS1 muxYes DAC ES10/100Base-T EthernetNo DAC GE10/100/1000Base-T and 1000Base-X opticalNo DAC GE310/100/1000Base-T and 1000Base-X opticalYes

30 Node Plug-ins: Optional NPC Backs up NCC functions for: Backplane bus management (not hitless) Power supply (hitless) One per INU/INUe NCC may be withdrawn with an NPC installed Node must start with a valid NCC installed 30 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

31 Node Plug-ins: Optional PCC Power Conversion Card Provides a voltage conversion function for locations where the power supply is +24Vdc. It converts + 24 (19 to 36)Vdc to -56Vdc for connection to the INU -48Vdc input. -56Vdc represents the typical float voltage for a battery-backed -48Vdc supply. One PCC supports a maximum three ODUs, plus any combination of RACs and DACs. 31 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012


33 Eclipse ODUs: ODU 300hp L6 to 38 GHz High power transceiver QPSK to 256 QAM modulation Accommodates all Bandwidth options Internal Diplexer (TX and RX Filters) Integrated Surge Suppressor Fully software configurable Compact size & weight Direct antenna mount 33 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 ODU 300 ODU 300hp High Performance L6 to 38 GHz QPSK to 256 QAM

34 Eclipse ODUs: ODU 300sp 34 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 7 to 38 GHz (Not including 10.5 GHz) 7-28 MHz BW (ETSI only) 4x to 52x E1 Up to 100 Mbps Ethernet QPSK, 16QAM, or 32QAM modulation Older models do not support 32QAM CAPEX optimized, standard performance/capacity applications Same mechanical design/ dimensions as ODU300 hp Fully software configurable Low power consumption <30W ODU 300sp Standard Performance 7 to 38 GHz 8 to 100 Mbps QPSK to 32 QAM

35 Eclipse ODUs: ODU 600 35 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 ODU 600 Latest ODU 6 to 42 GHz QPSK to 256 QAM Supports all common 6 to 42 GHz frequency bands Flexible Power Mode (FPM) - base & high power operational modes in a single platform 3-6dB improvement in output power over ODU 300hp Supports Channel BW 3.5-56MHz (ETSI) Can be deployed in 1+0 unprotected, 1+1 MHSB, 1+1 SD and 2+0 XPIC configurations Compatibility with Eclipse IDU/INU and ODU 300 Over air compatibility with ODU 300hp Common antenna interface Supports QPSK to 256QAM 1024QAM-ready, when supported by indoor unit

36 RAC-ODU cable connection The RAC-ODU cable is also called the IF cable and carries: -48VDC to power the RFU 311MHz Transmit IF signal (up) 126MHz Receive IF signal (down) A pair a telemetry signals (5.5Mhz up and 4.5Mhz down) for NCC to ODU communication A 10Mhz reference oscillator signal 36 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

37 ODU Features Synthesized Local Oscillators for software controlled frequency settings ATPC (Automatic Transmit Power Control) Internal Detector for monitoring Tx Power levels RSSI port for antenna alignment 37 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 RSSI Measurement VDC0.250.50.751. RSL-10-20-30-40-50-60-70-80-90-100

38 ODU Slip-fit Antenna Mount Proprietary direct ODU mount Eliminates waveguide losses Simple ‘twist & fit’ No special tools or fiddling with clips Same direct mount on ODU Protection Coupler Couplers available as equal loss or unequal loss Optional remote mount kit available for pre existing antennas 38 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

39 Eclipse ODUs ODUs are frequency band specific, but capacity independent within the band ODUs are fixed for Tx high or Tx low operation ODUs are sub-banded by their internal diplexers and, depending on the set bandwidth, the software adjusts the minimum and maximum frequencies to ensure the whole signal fits in the filter ranges 39 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 RSSI monitor Goretex air pressure equalization valve WG flange IF cable connector Antenna adaptor attachment lugs ODU 300hp/sp

40 Eclipse ODUs ODUs always mount diagonally as illustrated for direct antenna attachment. Rotate ODU for polarization change; vertical to horizontal as illustrated. 40 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

41 ODU 600 41 Compact design for reduced footprint*: 5kg 265mm x 265mm x 125mm 0.009 m3 Low DC power consumption (< 40 W) -33 to + 55°C operating temperature range AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 * Specifications shown for 13- 38GHz ODU600

42 ODU 600 – Flexible Power Mode (FPM) FPM One Unit offers both a Base and High Power Mode High Power Mode is available with a Software License upgrade High Power Mode offers a 3dB increase in power AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 42 Base Power High Power FPM S/W Upgrade License


44 Portal PC based element management tool Install once – auto updates to match embedded SW Ethernet or V.24 connection to Eclipse Embedded HTML Online Help Files Works seamlessly with ProVision 44 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

45 Eclipse IP addressing 45 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 IP address: Subnet Mask for everything in network: IP address: Gateway: IP address: IP address: IP address: IP address:

46 Eclipse IP addressing – Exercise Fill in the blanks 46 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 IP address: IP address: ____________ IP address: __________ Gateway: __________ Subnet Mask for everything in network:

47 Portal Screens Windows-like with menu driven structure Screens are read from the radio Pull down and device icon right click menus Progress indicators show read & send status Non-configurable data is grayed-out Mouse-over on-screen items for tooltips Color coded alarm status 47 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

48 Portal Logos & Icons 48 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 Logos Alarm Severity Icons Problem Icons

49 Opening Screen: System Summary (Node) 49 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 System Functions Illustrates plug-in type, function, location and status Protected RACs and DACs are shown as a combined function Links show Configured capacity Replaceable Units shows physical layout and mirrors function status Circuits shown as connections between RACs and DACsColor indicates alarm severity


51 Eclipse Packet Node Eclipse Packet Node is achieved with a RAC 60, RAC 6X or IDU GE3 16x by adding a Data Packet Plane (DPP) for direct routing of Native Ethernet traffic to the RF channel RAC 60 and RAC 6X have a DPP port for direct connection to a DAC GE/GE3 Eliminates backplane limitations DPP must be enabled for both the RAC and a DAC GE/GE3 port and a Group ID set the same for both Protected RACs have the same Group ID for both and are connected to 2 DAC GE/GE3 ports which also have the same Group ID For multiple RF channels us a different Group ID for each 51 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

52 Eclipse Packet Node 52 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

53 Configuration of RAC 60/6X and DPP 53 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 DPP settings

54 Configuration of DAC GE3 and DPP 54 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 DPP settings


56 Gigabit Ethernet with: 3 Electrical ports and 1 SFP port Programmable switching fabric: transparent mode, VLAN mode, mixed mode, or DPP VLAN Mode Comprehensive QoS, policing & prioritization options VLAN tagging (802.1q) and QinQ (802.3ac) RWPR TM enhanced RSTP (802.1w) Layer 2 link aggregation (802.3ad) Layer 1 link aggregation Flow control through pause-frame option Jumbo frames to 9600 bytes Comprehensive RMON & performance indicators Low latency, less than 360 microseconds for 2000 byte packets 56 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

57 DAC GE: Basic Operation Three RJ-45 10/100/1000Base-T ports & one SFP Optical 1000Base-X port connect to an Ethernet switch, which provides the bridge/switch & queuing functions between the ports & transport channels C1 & C2 Gate array (FPGA) provides signal framing & interface to the backplane bus Switch also supports an enhanced RSTP function & layer 2 (L2) link aggregation 57 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

58 DAC GE Plug-in Configuration Screen 58 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 Mode of Operation Basic settings Transport Channel Capacity

59 DAC GE: Modes of Operation Three or more operational modes (dependent on license and configuration of radio): Transparent Mixed VLAN DPP VLAN (Node based license required) L1 Link Aggregation (feature license dependant) 59 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

60 DAC GE: Modes of Operation Transparent Mode Transparent is the default, broadcast domain mode; all ports and channels are interconnected. Mixed Mode Provides a two-LAN solution where LAN P1-C1 provides dedicated transport for port 1 traffic. A second transparent/broadcast mode LAN connection is provided with P2, P3, P4 & C2 bridged. 60 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

61 DAC GE: Modes of Operation VLAN Mode Supports four separate LANs. VLAN 1 is the same as in Mixed Mode, where dedicated transport is provided for port P1 traffic on channel C1. VLANs on ports P2, P3 and P4 are aggregated onto a common trunk, channel C2. Internal VLAN tagging ensures correct end-to-end matching of LANs over the link. DPP VLAN Mode DPP VLAN mode is only enabled for DPP operation. It supports two port-based VLANs for DPP- connected RAC 60/6Xs. Each VLAN uses two paired ports. One port is used for the DPP connection to a RAC 60/6X, the other is the user port. 61 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

62 DAC GE: Transport Channel and DPP Capacity Transport channel capacity for C1 and C2 is selected in multiples of: 1.54 Mbps with an Nx1.54 Mbps backplane bus 2 Mbps with an Nx2 Mbps backplane bus 155 Mbps with an Nx155 Mbps backplane bus The channels are mapped via the FPGA to the backplane bus for cross-connection to a RAC or RACs for a radio link Cross connection via the backplane is configured in the Circuits screen Radio Traffic can be a mix of backplane and DPP traffic For DPP operation the port connecting to the RAC 60/6X DPP port is enabled in the DPP screen, capacity is automatically set as remaining non-backplane connected capacity 62 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

63 DAC GE: Basic Port Settings Per Port selection is provided for: Enabled – per-port selection to enable port, enabled port will alarm if no signal is detected. Port must be enabled to carry traffic Port up box will be ticked once valid Ethernet framing is detected Connection Type and Speed – per-port selection of auto negotiate or manual settings for 10 Mbps or 100 Mbps, half or full duplex Resolved box will be ticked once port speed is auto-resolved Interface Cable Type – per port selection of auto or manual settings for Mdi or MdiX 63 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

64 DAC GE: Global Settings Flow Control Flow Control is implemented through use of IEEE 802.3x pause frames, which tell the remote node to stop transmission when the amount of data in the receive buffer hits a ‘high water mark’. The receiver will signal to the transmitter to restart once sufficient data has been read from the buffer, triggered by a ‘low water mark. Maximum Frame Size Sets the Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) for the port, which determines the largest datagram that can be transmitted without it being broken down into smaller units (fragmented) - settable range is 64 to 9600 bytes Address Learning Address Learning is default implemented to support efficient management of Ethernet traffic in multi-host situations. The option to disable is for use in a ring network where protection for Ethernet traffic is provided by an external RSTP switch; not by the RWPR™ function within DAC GE. The MAC address cache supports 8196 entries. Link Status Propagation Setting to shut down ports in the event of a radio link failure 64 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

65 DAC GE: Priority Mapping Tab 65 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 Priority Mode provides selection of queue-controller operation for the following options: Port default enables the setting of a four-level port priority on each of the four ingress ports; low, medium-low, medium-high, and high Priorities are strict, for example when traffic is congested all higher priority traffic is sent before the next lower priority traffic 802.1p provides prioritization based on the three-bit priority. Each of the possible eight tag priority values are mapped into a four-level (2-bit) priority level. DiffServ provides prioritization based on the six bits of the IP packet Type of Service field. Each of the possible 63 levels are mapped into a four-level (2-bit) priority level. No priority means incoming frames are passed transparently. No Priority is the default setting

66 DAC GE: VLAN Tagging VLAN Tagging enables the aggregation of two or more LANs on a common trunk. This is accomplished by inserting a 4 byte field into an Ethernet frame between the source MAC address and the EtherType/Length field. Various DAC GE modes of operation provide for automatic tagging and un-tagging of frames on ingress and egress. Custom settings can be used to further define this process. If VLANs are NOT used then every message sent is broadcast throughout the LAN, this is called the broadcast domain. Segmentation into VLANs means that each broadcast domain is operated as a separate virtual LAN on the same physical network; The 802.1q TCI field has settings for a VLAN ID (VID) and 802.1p priority code point (PCP) 66 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

67 DAC GE: VLAN Screen 67 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

68 DAC GE: VLAN Tagging The DAC GE VLAN tagging screen supports 802.1q VLAN tagging options and 802.1p prioritization options Untagged frames can be tagged Frames with existing tags can also be tagged (double tagged) At the far end of the link, added tags can be removed or left intact (do nothing mode) With this capability DAC GE can tag, prioritize and aggregate traffic from two, three or four ports onto a common radio trunk. At the far end of the DAC GE trunk, which may be over multiple hops, options are provided to remove the VLAN tags applied by DAC GE, or allow them to be retained intact for VLAN traffic management at downstream devices. 68 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

69 DAC GE: VLAN Tagging 69 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 Max 4 ports transported over a single radio link from Site X Site X incoming tagged VLANs are double tagged for assignment to network provider destinations Site Y is configured as transparent mode and all VLANs pass through all egress ports Provider tagged VLANs forwarded to Site Z are stripped (outer tag) and forwarded based on inner tag

70 DAC GE: Protection DAC GE plug-ins are not Module-protectable If plug-in redundancy is required, two parallel DAC GE - DAC GE links may be configured, and an external aggregation switch used at each end to manage path contention & load sharing Ring protection is provided by Aviat's enhanced RSTP function called RWPR TM (Resilient Wireless Packet Ring). Without protection, loops will cause broadcast storms in Ethernet rings. DAC GE traffic can be RAC protected via the Transport channels or DPP 70 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 Basic DPP Protection (DAC GE same as DAC GE3)

71 DAC GE: RWPR Eclipse RWPR TM is an option on DAC GE modules which delivers much faster reconvergence times than with a standard external RSTP (Rapid Spanning Tree) switch RWPR uses standard RSTP costs to determine the root bridge and the root paths based on Bridge ID, Path Cost and Port Priority Eclipse RWPR achieves faster times through a proprietary rapid failure detection (RFD) mechanism that eliminates the normal time-out period used by RSTP to confirm a path failure. Transport channel mode must be set to Rapid Failure Detection RWPR may be used over Eclipse link-aggregated links and is typically enabled on transport channels, DPP Ports, and ports connecting DAC GE’s together 71 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

72 DAC GE RWPR Configuration Screen 72 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

73 Link Aggregation When more capacity is needed than can be transported over one physical link, link aggregation provides a solution Two or more physical links are established, and link aggregation is used to provide one logical link with a capacity that is the sum of the individual links DAC GE supports link aggregation options at Layer 1 and Layer 2 Link aggregation also provides redundancy 73 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

74 DAC GE : L2 Link Aggregation L2 link aggregation using the DAC GE switch L2LA uses source and/or destination MAC address data in the Ethernet frame MAC/LLC header With normal LAN traffic densities (16+ concurrent sessions), the layer 2 aggregation keying generally ensures equitable balancing of traffic between the links to ensure that no one link is overwhelmed Where there is only a single MAC addresses in play, such as a connection between two routers, load balancing is not effective; all traffic transits just one of the links Where there are just a handful of MAC source and destination addresses in play, link load balancing may be less than optimum, particularly if one or two streams dominate the available bandwidth 74 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

75 DAC GE: L2 Link Aggregation 75 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

76 DAC GE: L2 Link Aggregation 76 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

77 DAC GE: L2 Link Aggregation configuration 77 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 L2LA is only supported in Transparent Mode Aggregation is configured in the Plug-ins screen for the DAC GE Tick the port boxes to select the port(s) and channel(s) to be aggregated The sum of the aggregation weights of all ports and channels should be 16

78 DAC GE: L1 Link Aggregation 78 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 L1 link aggregation using circuit cross-connects on the INU/INUe backplane bus L1 (physical layer) aggregation acts on the backplane bus data stream on a per byte basis Compared to L2LA, it provides optimum 50/50 payload balance regardless of the throughput demands of individual user connections and is ideal for router to router connections L1LA requires a feature license

79 DAC GE: L1LA with Separate INUs Master DAC GE The master DAC GE provides the L1 link aggregation function. It provides the customer connection to the link aggregated group AP1 always refers to the link/path provided from the INU that is hosting the master DAC GE Up to 3 slave ports (AP2-4) may be selected by ticking the adjacent box The Group ID should be the same for all masters and slaves on both ends of the links 79 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

80 DAC GE: L1LA with Separate INUs Slave DAC GE One port (any) is set to provide the physical connection to the master DAC GE. Ensure the slave number selected is correct for the intended path as set in the master. Ensure the virtual container size (presently fixed) and number of virtual containers is set to match the selection made in the master. Ensure the Group ID is set to match the Group ID selected in the master. 80 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012


82 DAC GE3 is an extended-feature DACGE switch plug-in. It supports many of the functions currently provided by the DAC GE, but importantly, it increases the number of transport channels and front panel ports, extends the prioritization and scheduling options, supports synchronous Ethernet, and enables card protection. DAC GE3 is a new plug-in and some features have not been enabled in the initial SW release. Contact Aviat for information on new SW releases 82 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

83 DAC GE3 DAC GE3 features include: Three RJ-45 10/100/1000Base-T ports Two multi-purpose SFP ports with plug-ins for Optical or Electrical operation Six transport channel (TC) ports; configurable for transparent, mixed, 1 to 1, or VLAN modes Extended packet buffering and queuing. Comprehensive traffic prioritization and scheduling options: 802.1p priority DiffServ mapping (IPv4, IPv6) MPLS Exp bit mapping Strict priority scheduling Deficit Weighted-Round-Robin (DWRR) scheduling Hybrid strict + DWRR scheduling Eight transmission queues 83 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

84 DAC GE3 Basic Screen 84 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

85 DAC GE3: Basic Screen Per Port selection is provided for: Usage – per-port selection to disable port, or enable port for Normal, Optical-Y, or DPP operation. DPP setting allows for a Group ID to be set A transport channel port will only show as enabled (Normal) if a valid circuit to it is established using the Circuits screen. Port up box will be ticked once valid Ethernet framing is detected Connection Type and Speed – per-port selection of auto negotiate or manual settings for 10 Mbps, 100 Mbps, or 1000 Mbps half or full duplex, auto negotiate is the default setting Fixed selections for speed and duplex apply only to electrical ports P1-P3; SFP ports P4-P5 are fixed to Auto (electrical SFP) or 1000 Mbps Full (optical SFP) Resolved box will be ticked once port speed is auto-resolved Channel Mode –selection of various failure detection modes on transport channels 85 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

86 DAC GE3: Transport Channel Capacity Transport Channel Capacity For the DAC GE3 is set in the circuits screen Once the circuit is created the capacity can be modified in the “circuits for” section DPP capacity will be set automatically once it has been enabled on the RAC and DAC GE3. It will be set all available non-backplane connected capacity 86 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

87 DAC GE3: Advanced Screen Per Port selection is provided for: Maximum Frame Size – per-port selection for 64 to 10,000 byte frame size Flow Control – per-port selection to enable or disable Flow Control Master/Slave – Per port selection of Master/Slave, which is used in conjunction with Synchronous Ethernet Address Learning – Per port selection to disable or enable (default) address learning. Should be disabled when used with an external RSTP switch 87 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

88 DAC GE3: Modes of Operation Operational Modes are set with the cross-connect menu in the VLAN screen. Pre-configured (default) cross-connect options are provided, with basic and advanced options to customize their action. Options are: 1 to 1 Advanced Mixed Transparent VLAN (GE and ES Compatible) Mode VLANs over DPP Custom (custom configurations can be saved and exported to other nodes) 88 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

89 DAC GE3: Modes of Operation Transparent Mode Transparent is the default, broadcast mode; all ports and channels are interconnected. Note: For all modes, diagram will only show connections for ports and transport channels that have been enabled 1 to 1 Mode Enables up to five dedicated port-to-channel connections: P1 to C1,P2 to C2, through to P5 to C5. Mixed Mode Enables a pre-configured switch setting for: P1 dedicated to C1 P2, P3, P4 and C2 inter-connected (bridged) P5 and C3, C4, C5, C6 inter-connected (bridged). 89 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

90 DAC GE3: Modes of Operation VLAN (GE and ES Compatible) Mode Enables a pre-configured port-based VLAN mode. This mode is compatible (using C1 and/or C2 only) with the VLAN mode supported by the DAC GE or DAC ES VLANs over DPP Mode Establishes port-based VLANs on the user ports. Traffic on each port is held separate from the others over the radio link. Figure shows P1 set for DPP (in Basic screen), and P2 to P5 for Normal 90 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

91 DAC GE3: Modes of Operation Advanced Mode Enables the use of the Advanced settings in the VLAN table Care must be exercised when using this option to ensure what is intended, is achieved For most applications, one of the default (pre-configured) modes should be used, particularly so if the VLANs are only needed to provide traffic segregation over the DAC GE3-DAC GE3 link 91 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

92 DAC GE3: Modes of Operation Custom Mode 1 to 1, Mixed, and Transparent mode port and channel groupings can be customized using the port/channel grouping table. The table is opened up by clicking on the tab to the right side of the of the mode setting All ports and channels selected under a group column will be inter-connected together The custom setting can be named, saved, and exported to another DAC GE3 using Portal 92 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

93 DAC GE3 – QoS 93 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 The QoS (Quality of Service) screen is used to set prioritization and scheduling Prioritization options include: Port Default – Prioritization based on Port 802.1p – Prioritization based on three bits in the VLAN tag DiffServ – Prioritization based on 6 bits in the Ethernet frame MPLS EXP – Prioritization based on the 3 EXP bits in the MPLS label

94 DAC GE3: Scheduler Scheduler - Each port/channel has standard queue scheduling options of Strict Priority (SP), Deficit Weighted Round Robin (DWRR), and a combination of SP with DWRR (Hybrid). Strict priority - the scheduler serves a lower priority queue only if all higher priority queues are empty. DWRR - the scheduler operates as weighted round-robin (WRR) with a deficit counter. A maximum packet size number is subtracted from the packet length, and packets that exceed that number are held back until the next visit of the scheduler. Hybrid - enables a combination of strict with DWRR. A typical implementation 94 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

95 DAC GE3 – Link Status Propagation 95 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 Link Status Propagation (LSP) is used to force a port shutdown at both ends of a DAC GE3 link in the event of a failure, and to restore port operation at both ends when normal operation returns. Link Restore Timer - The ports will be restored to service (port shutdown removed) after the selected timer delay - 1 second increments up to 60 minutes. Link Hold Timer - The link ports will not be shut down until expiry of the hold time - 1 second increments up to 1 minute.

96 DAC GE3 –Protection DAC GE3 protection Two protection options: Y-Cable protection, & Dual Feed protection: Y Cable Protection Requires a protection cable interconnected between Port 5 of each DAC GE3 The Y- Cable is optical and must be connected to port 4 of each DAC GE3 Can be either backplane of DPP connected 96 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

97 DAC GE3 –Protection DAC GE3 Y-Cable protection: Failure scenarios 97 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

98 DAC GE3 –Protection 98 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 Dual Feed Requires a protection cable interconnected between Port 5 or each DAC GE3 Must be used with external equipment running a protection protocol such as OAM Continuity Check Messaging (CCM) or Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD). Can use either optical or electrical ports Can use either DPP or backplane connections

99 IDU GE3 16x: Gigabit Ethernet + 16E1 16x E1/DS1 tributaries 6x GigE ports (4x 10/100/1000BaseT and 2x SFP electrical or optical) Auxiliary data & alarm I/O options included Bandwidths from 7 to 56Mhz QPSK to 256QAM with Adaptive Coding & Modulation (ACM) 1+1 HSB and SD protection options TDM and Ethernet circuits are both Y-cable protectable Many of the same advanced Ethernet features as the DAC GE3 Supports ODU 300hp, ODU 300sp, or ODU 600 99 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

100 IDU GE3 16x - Interfaces 100 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 1 2 345678 109 11 1 – Power supply, fuse and Earth point 2 – IF interface 3 – Auxiliary data ports 4 – Alarm I/O ports 5 – Status LEDs 6 – Protection Port 7 – Maintenance port 8 – NMS 9 – DS1/E1 ports 10 – Ethernet ports – 4 x 10/100/1000Base-T 11– Ethernet ports – 2 x Optional SFP Compact flash memory slot in rear


102 ODU Protection Protection Options: Non Protect 1+0 Hot-standby 1+1 Space Diversity Frequency Diversity Dual protection Ring (ring wrapping) Link Aggregation 2+0 Protected ODU Pairs mount to a coupler RACs & ODUs are used in pairs and work together to support protection 102 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

103 ODU Protection Coupler Direct mounting of ODUs Mounts directly to antenna Standard 3.5 / 3.5 dB splitter Optional 1.5 / 6.5 dB coupler Used for single-antenna hot-standby & frequency diversity links Also used for 2+0 co-polar arrangements 103 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 Coupler with one ODU removed

104 Eclipse Node Protection – Hot Standby 104 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 A ACTIVE B STANDBY D STANDBY C ACTIVE As soon as A or C fails, B or D take over. Both A and B have the same frequency as well as C and D Using an equal loss coupler, Revertive switching is not necessarily set but using an unequal loss coupler, Revertive switching must be set for the low loss side

105 Eclipse Node Protection – Space Diversity 105 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 A is transmitting and receiving but B is receiving only Both A and B have the same frequency as well as C and D Receive switching between A and B, C and D is hitless For ODUs, each ODU is mounted to a seperate antenna A ACTIVE Tx and Rx B ACTIVE Rx only C ACTIVE Tx and Rx D ACTIVE Rx only

106 Eclipse Node Protection – Frequency Diversity 106 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 A ACTIVE B ACTIVE D ACTIVE C ACTIVE A and B as well as C and D are active They are working on different frequency pairs f1f1 f2f2

107 Eclipse Node Protection Dual Protection Two protected subordinate links are in turn protected by a higher, master protection option: RACs must be located in the same INUe Except for Space Diversity pairings where two vertically separated antennas are required, a single dual-polarized antenna can be used Dual protection options are: Frequency diversity over hot-standby Frequency diversity over space diversity 107 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

108 Frequency Diversity over Hot Standby 108 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 A ACTIVE B STANDBY D STANDBY C ACTIVE E ACTIVE F STANDBY H STANDBY G ACTIVE f1f1 f2f2

109 Frequency Diversity over Space Diversity 109 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 A ACTIVE Tx and Rx B ACTIVE Tx and Rx D ACTIVE Tx and Rx C ACTIVE Tx and Rx E (f 1 ) ACTIVE Rx only F (f 2 ) ACTIVE Rx only H (f 2 ) ACTIVE Rx only G (f 1 ) ACTIVE Rx only f1f1 f2f2 f1f1 f2f2 f1f1 f2f2

110 CCDP/XPIC N+N Co-Channel Operation (CCDP) Eclipse supports CCDP operation to provide double the capacity over the same path, on the same frequency channel, by deploying separate radio paths on vertical and horizontal polarizations. This requires paired XPIC capable RAC 40 or RAC 6X plug-ins The paired RACs can be in the same INU or separate INUs to overcome backplane limitations The RAC has XPIC In and Out connectors which are cross connected to the partner RAC for cancellation of co-channel interference 110 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 ACAP CCDP

111 SPDH Ring Protection 111 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 – Ring Mechanism Simple & Fast Local Decision Nodes Adjacent to Failure loop (wrap) the traffic PDH Ring

112 SPDH Ring Protection 112 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 Implemented by ‘east-west’ facing RAC/RFU combinations from a single INU/INUe Eclipse manages failure detection & circuit re-routing - no external equipment required Capacities up to 75xE1 For ‘single gateway’ rings where all traffic on the ring is sourced at one site, maximum ring capacities are 64xE1

113 SPDH Ring Protection Primary & Secondary rings: Under normal conditions all traffic is transported on the primary ‘clockwise’ ring; the secondary ring is not used Under fault conditions, traffic is wrapped onto the secondary ring at one side of the break, and off at the other side, to bypass the break; circuits are ‘ring- wrapped’ Ring wrapping & unwrapping is not hitless Wrapping: typically less than 100 ms restoration (traffic interruption) time Unwrapping: revertive switch command is initiated on expiry of an error-free timer, and optional time-of-day timer. Traffic interruption on restoration is not more than 100ms 113 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

114 SPDH Ring Protection 114 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 Ring not broken Gateway

115 SPDH Ring Protection 115 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 Ring broken Gateway

116 RAC/RF Configuration RAC Plug-in Screen RF settings need to be correct at both ends of the link for the link to sync up If a protected pair of RACs are to be used, first protect them in the protection screen Start by setting the BW/Modulation, which will have to be same at the other end of the link. If Adaptive is chosen, a box will open to configure the ACM steps Bandwidth/Modulation should be known before installation The NCC reads the fixed TX Hi/Low and filter information from the ODU Tx/Rx Frequencies are further limited based on the configured Bandwidth New radios will have a factory mute set which must be removed for the transmitter to operate 116 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

117 RAC/RF Configuration RAC Plug-in Screen 117 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 Set BW / Modulation first Set frequency and power

118 RAC/RF Configuration Bandwidth / Modulation 118 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 Select the bandwidth and modulation from the drop-down screen

119 RAC 60/6X Configuration RSL 119 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 Determine RSL by going to RAC diagnostics/performance screen


121 Maintenance Preventive maintenance includes the following: Ensure that all modules are tightly inserted in the shelf Verify that all connectors are tight Verify that all cables are in good condition and have no cuts, nicks or kinks Via the Portal tool, verify that the TX power and RSLs are within acceptable/design limits and view link history via event logs and performance/history screens to check for problems Verify the condition of outdoor cabling, weatherproofing, and ground connections and repair if necessary Check to make sure the system software is up to date and upgrade if necessary 121 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

122 Software Management Eclipse has many software files that are all bundled together as one software Pak. Periodically updates are released. Aviat recommends keeping software up to date Check the support website for new software releases and software release notes for information on what the software actually does New software activation requires a reboot, which is traffic effecting. There are options to load the new software and activate at a later time The previous SW version is saved as the inactive version and it can be reverted to To load new SW first save it to your hard drive and then use the browser in Portal to select it Select the SW, choose an action and click start 122 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

123 Software Management AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 123

124 Maintenance NCC replacement In most cases the replacement of the NCC will require the Compact Flash from the old card to be inserted in the new card The CF card carries the license, system software, and configuration, so no reconfiguration or SW upgrades will be necessary 124 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 Compact Flash Card Slot Without CF Card Slot with CF card installed

125 ODU Maintenance ODU replacement Ensure that ODUs are replaced with the same part number and re-installed with the same orientation to prevent cross-polarization Before removal of IF cable always remove power by removing RAC downstairs. For protected systems, make sure the correct RAC/ODU is removed. Always weatherproof re-connections with new Mastic and Vinyl tape and also use conductive grease/paste on ground connections and silicon grease on feedhead O- rings 125 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012

126 History Screen 126 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 History is available for the RAC/RFU and DAC GE card The RAC/RFU history data can be used to troubleshoot fading and other path problems The RAC/RFU data can be saved and viewed with Aviat’s PCR viewer for more detail

127 Performance Screen 127 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 Performance is available for the RAC/RFU, DAC GE, and DAC GE3 cards The RAC/RFU performance screen is where current RSL, Tx Power, BER, and temperature is read The RAC/RFU screen has startable monitors to run timed internal G826 link testing (non traffic effecting)

128 Portal Alarms 128 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012 Portal includes comprehensive Node/Terminal Alarm display & diagnosis. Detailed descriptions of all Portal Alarms are documented in Eclipse On-line Help. All Portal alarms are displayed in an Alarm Explorer tree layout. Only active alarms are highlighted, & the displayed alarm color indicates the severity. Double clicking on any active alarm will open up Eclipse On-line Help, which will list the Alarm Severity, the Probable Cause, Recommended Actions, & Additional Information.


130 Helpdesk Support Americas Technical Help Desk – Toll-free in US: +1 800 227 8332 – EMEA Technical Help Desk – +44 1698 717 230 UK – +33 177 31 00 33 France – Asia Pacific Technical Help Desk – +63 45 599 5192 – Or you can contact your local Aviat Networks office. Contact information is available on our website at: centers/ centers/ 130 AVIAT NETWORKS | January 2012


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