2 InfinitiveThere are 3 groups of REGULAR verbs in French: * verbs ending with -RE = 3rd groupReview the presentations on –er and ir verbs.We arebnow going to look at –re verbs
3 The Infinitive A Stem An ending The infinitive in French consists of : vend reattend reVendre means to sell, attendre :to wait.-re verbs are verbs of the 3rd group
4 conjugationStem ending vend re descend re perd re … Now add new endingsTo conjugate you will keep the stem and drop the infinitive ending -re for 3rd group verbs. Once you have the stem, you will add new endings to this stem. Vendre means to sell (as in a vendor or a vending machine). Descendre is a cognate, it means to go down.
5 Conjugation of regular –re verbs Singular PluralJe -sNous -onsTu -sVous ezil / elleonils / elles -entAs you can , the endings for the conjugation of –re verbs are pretty much the same as for –er verbs. The only difference is for the difference is in the singular (I, you, and he or she). You add s for I and you . There is nothing for the third person singular.
6 Conjugation of regular –re verbs Singular Plural-s-ons-ez-entNote that the pronunciation it all sounds the same. –s and ent do not make any sound, it sounds just like e. The only 2 different sounds that can be heard are –ons and ez It looks like a boot
7 Regular –re verb: Perdre je perdsnous perdonstu perdsVous perdezIl/ elle perdonIls/elles perdentVerbs of the 3rd group are probably the easiest to conjugate. Perdre means to lose.
8 Regular –re verb: Répondre je répondsnous répondonstu répondsVous répondezIl/ elle répondonIls/elles répondentNote that the –re verb repondre ( to answer or to respond) works with the preposition A : repondre au professeur, repondre a la lettre. Do you know what RSVP means? Repondez S’il vous plait!. In English you don’t use ANY preopsituon: I answer you, I answer To uyou
9 Regular –re verb: Attendre j’ attendsnous attendonstu attendsVous attendezIl/ elle attendonIls/elles attendentNote that attendre is a false cognate. It actually means to wait
10 Irregular –re verb: Prendre j’ prendsnous prenonstu prendsVous prenezIl/ elle prendonIls/elles prennentPrendre is Irregular. Note that the forms are especially different in the plural : nous, vous ils/ elles
11 Prendre Apprendre Comprendre Once you learn how to conjugate prendre (to take) you can add the prefix Ap to make the verb apprendre (to learn) which conjugates like prendre or comprendre to understand
12 Irregular –re verb: Mettre je metsnous mettonstu metsVous mettezIl/ elle metIls/elles mettentMettre (to put) is also Irregular. Note that the forms are especially different in the plural : nous, vous ils/ elles
13 Mettre Permettre Admettre Once you learn how to conjugate mettre (to take) you can add the prefix per to make the verb permettre (to allow as in permission) which conjugates like mettre or admettre to admit
14 Passé - Composé Past participle of regular –re verbs: -U J’ai perdu. Prendre = PrisMettre = MisRegular –re verbs make their past participles in the passe compose with u added to the stem.Mettre and prendre have irregular past participles
15 Practice : Conjugate Tu (vendre) Ils (perdre) Nous (attendre) Elle (répondre)
16 Practice : answersTu vendsIls perdentNous attendonsElle répond