Présentation au sujet: "Audiovisual news archives Identifying sources and production conditions J. GUYOT - UFR Culture & communication Université Paris 8 – IP Camaret August 2013."— Transcription de la présentation:
Audiovisual news archives Identifying sources and production conditions J. GUYOT - UFR Culture & communication Université Paris 8 – IP Camaret August 2013
Audiovisual Archives Historical documents. Official documents but also productions of cultural industries. Many historical events that were never recorded. A puzzle that must be reconstructed : sourcing rushes, different edited versions, description files, … Re-enactment of historical events. How to deal with AV Archives : Careful viewing. Reporting tecnhiques and fiction techniques are often very close. Identify production conditions. Beware of perfect images.
Propagandas Propagandas : differents forms of techniques: monuments, myths, interior enemy [Ellul] and now mass media. Propaganda associated with lies. Silent propagandas [Ramonet] You can fool some of the people all the time, and all the people some of the time, but you cannot fool all the people all the time, [Abraham Lincoln]. PR = public relations or Planning reactions according to Tony Schwarz. Manufacturing consent [Chomsky] Manipulating public opinion in democracy. [Bernays]
Movie and TV extracts The arrival of German troops in Paris : June 1940. De Gaulle Call to French people : 18th of June 1940. Cinq colonnes à la Une, Le soldat Robert, French TV, 1959. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu (November 1953 –May 1954), Roman Karmen pictures.
Bibliographical clues BERNAYS Edward, Propaganda. Comment manipuler lopinion publique en démocratie, Zones, 2007. CHOMSKY Noam, Propagande, médias et démocratie, Écosociété, 2005. ELLUL Jacques, Propagandes, Economica, 1990. GUYOT Jacques & ROLLAND Thierry, Les archives audiovisuelles. Histoire, politique, culture, Armand Colin, 2011. MATTELART Armand, La globalisation de la surveillance. Aux origines de lordre sécuritaire, La Découverte, 2008. RAMONET Ignacio, Propagandes silencieuses. Masses, télévision, cinéma, Gallimard, 2002.