2 Verbs What is the function of a Verb? What is an infinitive? A VERB is the part of speech in a sentence that conveys the ACTION that is taking place.What is an infinitive?In English AND in French, verbs come in different forms; the INFINITIVE (the unconjugated form) is the MOST BASIC FORM of any verb. This is the form of the verb BEFORE you place it in a SENTENCE.If you want to look up a verb in the dictionary, you must look for it’s infinitive form.In English, the translation/definition of any infinitive will always have “to...” in front of the definition.
4 Conjugating –ER Verbs French When we want to use a verb in a sentence, we need to CONJUGATE this verb, so that it makes sense. How do we do this in French?By changing the ending of the verbENGLISHto like She likes hotdogs.FRENCHaimer Elle aime les hot-dogs.French
5 Why are –ER verbs considered regular? Regular VerbsWhy are –ER verbs considered regular?because most follow a set pattern for conjugation.Can you think of the other two regular verb groups?-IR and -RECan you think of the two times the pattern changes slightly?-ER verbs that end in -GER (manger) and stem-changing boot verbs that add an accent (acheter)What steps do we take to conjugate –ER verbs?REMOVE the –ER from the end of the verb to find its stem.SELECT the subject pronoun you will use in the sentence.ADD the appropriate ending to the verb for the subject pronoun chosen.
8 To the tune of "Frère Jacques." ChansonTo the tune of "Frère Jacques."E, ES, EONS, ONSEZ, EZ, EZENT, ENT
9 On What part of speech is it? What form of the verb does it take? PronounWhat form of the verb does it take?3rd person (il / elle)What does it mean?One (In France, one speaks French.)In conversation…it can also mean we!
10 Negative Sentences In French, how do you make a sentence negative? ne and pasWhere do the ne and pas go?directly around the verb.Examples:Je parle italien.Je ne parle pas italien.J’habite en France.Je n’habite pas en France.