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1- Use 2- Formation 3- Time indicators

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1 1- Use 2- Formation 3- Time indicators
The present tense 1- Use 2- Formation 3- Time indicators

2 1- Use There is only 1 form of the present tense in French, eg Je joue au tennis whereas there are three in English...

3 The present tense is used to express a repeated action, a habit or a general truth.
i.e. What happens regularly. eg: Tous les samedis, je joue au foot. (Every Saturday, I play football).

4 To express an action taking place at the time of speaking or in the immediate future.
i.e. What is happening right now. eg: Je regarde Eastenders maintenant. (I am watching Eastenders now).

5 To express a contrast, an emphasis or a negative. i. e
To express a contrast, an emphasis or a negative. i.e. To emphasise what is happening. eg: Je suis d’accord. I do agree Je joue au tennis. I do play tennis. Je ne joue pas au tennis. I don’t play tennis.

6 1- Use Also use the present tense in French...
To tell a story that happened in the past, to make it more lively. With expressions of time such as depuis, ça fait to express ‘has/have been doing’. With si to express a hypothesis or condition.

7 The present tense is used with the expressions “depuis” and “ça fait” when the action is still going on. eg: J’apprends le français depuis cinq ans. (I’ve been learning French for five years).

8 2-Formation REGULAR VERBS As 90% of all French verbs are regular ER verbs it is essential that you know the verb endings off by heart.

9 Regular verbs: -ER verbs JOUER (to play) Je joue Tu joues
Il, Elle, On joue Nous jouons Vous jouez Ils, Elles jouent I play you play he / she /one plays we play you all play they play

10 Regular Verbs -IR verbs
FINIR Je finis Tu finis Il, Elle, On finit Nous finissons Vous finissez Ils, Elles finissent I finish you finish he / she /one finishes we finish you all finish they finish

11 Regular Verbs -RE verbs
VENDRE Je vends Tu vends Il, Elle, On vend Nous vendons Vous vendez Ils, Elles vendent I sell you sell he/she/one sells we sell you all sell they sell

12 Summary of Regular Verb Endings To form the present tense take off the last 2 letters of the infinitive (ER, RE or IR) and add the following endings. ER RE IR I Je -e -s -is You Tu -es He/She/We Il/Elle/On - -it We Nous -ons -issons You all/You (f) Vous -ez -issez They Ils/Elles -ent -issent

13 Verbs starting with a vowel or “h”:
When a verb starts with a vowel (A, E, I, O, U, Y) or a silent “h”, the pronoun “Je” becomes “ J’ ”. eg: Je aime  J’aime. Je habite  J’habite. It is the same when a verb is preceded by a reflexive pronoun. eg: s’appeler: Je me appelle  Je m’appelle. s’habiller: Tu te habilles  Tu t’habilles. s’endormir: Elle se endort  Elle s’endort.

14 Slightly Irregular Regular Verbs
Some regular verbs have spelling changes for je, tu, il and ils. i.e. before a silent syllable. It is important that you are at least aware of these so that you will recognise these verbs.

15 In verbs that end in -eler or -eter the final consonant is doubled up in all but the nous and vous forms. jeter: (to throw) Je jette Tu jettes Il jette Nous jetons Vous jetez Ils jettent. Another common verb belonging to this group is: appeler (to call) Exception to this rule: acheter

16 Verbs with –é or –e in second last syllable in the infinitive
Some stems with -e change to -è Stems with –é change to -è in all forms except the nous and vous forms préférer: Je préfère Tu préfères Il préfère Nous préférons Vous préférez Ils préfèrent. acheter: J’achète Tu achètes Il achète Nous achetons Vous achetez Ils achètent.

17 Verbs that end in –ayer, -oyer, -uyer change –y to –i
nettoyer: (to clean) Je nettoie Tu nettoies Il nettoie Nous nettoyons Vous nettoyez Ils nettoient.

18 Verbs with spelling changes in the NOUS form
Verbs ending in –cer become –çons commencer: (to begin) Je commence Tu commences Il commence Nous commençons Vous commencez Ils commencent. Verbs ending in –ger become –eons manger: (to eat) Je mange Tu manges Il mange Nous mangeons Vous mangez Ils mangent

19 Reflexive verbs Many of these verbs are used to talk about your daily routine. They mean that you do something to yourself (eg: to wash oneself, to brush one’s teeth, to wake up, to go to bed…). You conjugate them in the exact same way as regular verbs but they also need a reflexive pronoun in between the subject pronoun and the verb:…

20 Reflexive verbs Je me Tu te Il se Elle se On se Nous nous Vous vous
Ils se Elles se eg: SE LEVER (to get up) Je me lève Tu te lèves Il se lève Elle se lève On se lève Nous nous levons Vous vous levez Ils se lèvent Elles se lèvent

21 3- Time indicators Maintenant Now En ce moment At the moment Aujourd’hui Today Ce matin This morning Cet après-midi This afternoon Ce soir This evening

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