La présentation est en train de télécharger. S'il vous plaît, attendez

La présentation est en train de télécharger. S'il vous plaît, attendez

The first type of regular verbs are: ER When conjugating ER verbs, you remove the ER at the end and replace it with the following: The red indicates.

Présentations similaires


Présentation au sujet: "The first type of regular verbs are: ER When conjugating ER verbs, you remove the ER at the end and replace it with the following: The red indicates."— Transcription de la présentation:

1

2

3 The first type of regular verbs are: ER When conjugating ER verbs, you remove the ER at the end and replace it with the following: The red indicates the infinitive ending that is to be removed and the green indicates the present tense ending that must be added to conjugate the verb. Je regarder - Je regardeNous regarder – Nous regardons Tu regarder - Tu regardesVous regarder – Vous regardez Il regarder - Il regardeIls regarder – Ils regardent Elle regarder – Elle regardeElles regarder – Il/elle regardent

4 The next type of regular verb is: IR The red indicates the infinitive ending that is to be removed and the green indicates the present tense ending that must be added to conjugate the verb. Je Finir – Je Finis Nous Finir - Nous Finissons Tu Finir - Tu FinisVous Finir - Vous Finissez Il/elle Finir - Il/elle FinitIls/elles Finir - Ils/elles Finissent Some more -IR Verbs: 1.Finir 5. Accomplir 2.Choisir6. Blanchir 3.Rougir

5 The red indicates the infinitive ending that is to be removed and the green indicates the present tense ending that must be added to conjugate the verb. Je Vendre – Je vends Nous Vendre - Vendons Tu Vendre – Tu vends Vous Vendre – Vendez Il/elle Vendre - Il/elle VendIls/elles Vendre – Vendent Other RE Verbs: 1.Perdre3. Descendre5. Rendre 2.Vendre4. Entendre 6. Attendre For Il/elle do not add anything

6 There are many irregular verbs. All irregular verbs conjugate differently. Faire – to do; to makeEtre – to be Je fais- I Do/I makeJe suis Tu fais Tu es Il/elle fait Il/Elle est Nous faisons Nous sommes Vous faites Vous êtes Ils/elles font Ils/Elles sont

7 3. Aller – to go4. Avoir – to have Je vais- Im goingJai Tu vas- Tu as Il/elle va- Il/Elle a Nous allons- Nous avons Vous allez- Vous avez Ils/Elles vont- Ils/Elles ont Please compare these verbs carefully. They are frequently confused!

8 In negation there is only one rule, and that rule is that: one and only one verb goes in the ne … pas sandwich, and that is the first verb. Negation and the futur proche Je vais manger du chocolat Je ne vais pas manger de chocolat. Negation and le passé composé Jai mangé du chocolat Je nai pas mangé de chocolat. Negation and the pronoun EN Est-ce quil y a du chocolat? Non, il ny en a pas! Negation and Inversion A-t-il de belles soeurs? Na-t-il pas de belles soeurs? The ne…pas sandwich is shown in red, the verb is in blue.

9 Futur Proche is formed by conjugating aller and following it with an infinitive (the – er, - ir, - re form of the verb). In French, aller means to go and is used, as in English, to show the immediate future Je vais- Im goingInfinitive Tu vas- youre goingnager Il/elle va- he or she is goingfinir Nous allons- we are goingvendre Vous allez- you are goingattendre Ils/Elles vont- they are goingcourir 1.Je vais manger du chocolat- I am going to eat chocolate 2.Tu vas jouer au hockey?- You are going to play hockey? 3.Je ne vais pas étudier. I am not going to study. 4.Vas-tu chanter au concert? – Are you going to sing at the concert? 5.Non, je ny vais pas chanter.

10 Sometimes we want to use two verbs in a sentence. When we do, we only conjugate the first verb and the second verb stays in its infinitive form (- er,- ir,- re form). This is the same as how the futur proche is formed, except a variety of verbs are used as the first (or auxiliary) verb. Example: 1.Jaime manger. I like to eat. 2.Je sais nager. I know how to swim. 3.Je veux finir. I want to finish 4.Je dois attendre. I have to wait. 5.Puis-je aller aux toilettes? Can I go to the washroom? 6.Voulez-vous aller au concert? Do you want to go to the concert? 7.Ils ne veulent pas faire leurs devoirs.They dont want to do their hmwk. 8.Jai voulu acheter cette robe! 9.Je nai pas dû finir mes devoirs ce soir! 10. Je ne veux pas en manger. I dont want to eat any!

11 The 1 st part of the passé compose is the auxiliary verb. Most of the time this auxiliary verb is AVOIR. There are only a small number of verbs which use ETRE as an auxiliary verb: those are the Dr/Mrs. Vandertramp verbs. The 2 nd part of the passé composé is the past participle. It is not a verb in the sense that it does not conjugate. The past participle is formed by changing the – er, -ir and -re infinitive endings, to é, i, and u. Avoir: Jai mangé Nous avonsregardé Tu as fini Vous avezrougi Il/elle a attendu Ils/elles ontvendu Être Je suissortieNous sommessorti(e)s Tu essortieVous êtessorti(e)(es)(s) Il estsortiIls sontsortis Elle estsortieElles sontsorties

12 In the passé composé, the majority of past participles are regularly formed. The pattern is: Manger mang é Finir fin i Vendre vend u Examples with avoir: 1.Jai mang é du poulet 2.Jai fin i un biscuit Examples with être: 1.Il est sort i 2.Je suis tomb é

13 Irregular Past Participles that still use AVOI R Avoireu – to have Pouvoirpu – to be able to Savoirsu – to know something Devoirdû – to have to; must; ought Voirvu – to see Vouloirvoulu- to want Fairefait – to do, make Ecrireécrit – to write Diredit – to say Lirelu – to read Connaîtreconnu – to know someone Êtreété – to be (I was, etc) *Mettremis – to put *Prendrepris – to take *Ouvrirouvert – to open

14 DR & MRS VANDERTRAMP VERBS (THESE TAKE ÊTRE) Devenirdevenu – to become Revenirrevenu – to come back; to come again Montermonté – to go up; to climb Resterresté – to stay Sortirsorti – to go out; to exit; to come out Venirvenu – to come Allerallé – to go Naitrené – to be born Descendredescendu – to go down; to descend Entrerentré – to enter; to go in; to come in Retournerretourné – to return; go back Tombertombé – to fall (HINT : tumble) Rentrerrentré – to come back in ; re-enter Arriverarrivé – to arrive Mourirmort – to die Partirparti – to leave

15 1, 2 Rule: Rule 1: If there is only 1 verb, then the Y/EN goes BEFORE the 1 st verb Rule 2: If there are only 2 verbs, then the Y/EN goes BEFORE the 2 nd verb (which is an infinitive, not a participle). The pronoun Y replaces a prepositional phrase. That means that the prepositional phrase is removed and the pronoun Y is added to the sentence (see the 1, 2 rule above with respect to where it is placed). Prepositional phrases can begin with a variety of prepositions (À, dans, sur, etc), but this year we have focused on those that begin with À À+ le= au À+l= à l À+ la= à la À+ les= aux

16 The prepositional phrase that will be replaced is shown in red and the verb(s) are shown in blue. Participles are in green. 1.On va à la bibliothéque On y va. 2.Elles marchent à lécole. Elles y marchent. 3. Je vais marcher au magasin et elle ne veut pas y marcher. Veux-tu y aller? 4.Ils ont fait leurs devoirs à la bibliothèque. Jy ai travaillé aussi.

17 The pronoun en is used to replace partitive phrases that begin with the following partitives: De + le = du De + la = de la De + l= de l De + les = des The partitive phrase is shown in red and the verb is shown in blue. 1.Nous voulons de la salade. Nous en voulons. 2. Je veux avoir du café. Je veux en avoir. 3. Tu as dû faire des devoirs, nest-ce pas? Oui, jen ai dû faire.

18 Note: When the inversion, means that there are two vowels together (a-il), a t is added to separate them. To form a question by inversion you switch the verb with the subject. The subject pronouns are: je, tu, il/elle, nous, vous, ils/elles. Example: 1.Je vais manger- I am going to eat Vais-je manger?- Am I going to eat ? 2.Tu vas jouer au hockey- you are going to play hockey. Vas-tu jouer au hockey- you are going to play hockey? 3. Il a une soeur. A-t-il une soeur? Does he have a sister? 4. Nont-ils pas vendu leur maison? Didnt they sell their house?

19 A,B,C, rule Almost all adjectives go after the noun they describe, But the B.A.N.G.S. adjectives go before the noun Cause they do. B.A.N.G.S. stands for beauty, age, number, goodness and size because the adjectives that go before the noun they describe can be grouped into those categories. Beauty: Beau/laid Âge: nouveau/ancien/vieux/jeune Number: dernier/premier/1,2,3,4,5 etc. Goodness: bon/mauvais Size: grand/gros/long/petit In addition, many of these adjectives also have irregular feminine forms.

20 MasculineFeminine AncienAncienne BeauBelle BonBonne DernierDernière GrandGrande GrosGrosse Jeune LongLongue MauvaisMauvaise NouveauNouvelle PetitPetite VieuxVieille

21 MyMonMaMes Your (tu)TonTaTes His/HerSonSaSes OurNotreNotreNos Your (vous)VotreVotreVos TheirLeurLeurLeurs It is important to remember that possessive adjectives, like all other adjectives in French, must agree with their subject. In the case of the possessives, that means they agree in gender and number with THE THING POSSESSED, not the possessor. Voici Marie et son chien et regarde, voila Marc et son chien. This is Marie and her dog and look, there is Mark and his dog. Marc est faché; Marie a pris sa chaise. Mark is angry; Marie took his chair.

22 In English to make an adjective into an adverb we add the suffix LY Example: Beautiful + ly = Beautifully In French, adverbs are also formed by adding a suffix to an adjective. However, in French, the suffix is added to the feminine form of the adjective. Regular masculine adjectives end in a consonant and the feminine adjective is formed by adding E. The adverb is formed by adding MENT to the feminine form: MasculineFeminineFeminine Added With The Suffix MENT Grand Lent Grande Lente Grandement Lentement

23 If the MASCULINE form of an adjective ENDS WITH A VOWEL (i or u), the adverb is created by adding MENT to it. It is not necessary to an an e first. Masculine Adjective Ending in an I or u Adverb Form Joli Absolu Vrai Joliment Absolument Vraiment

24 SimpleComparativeSuperlative GoodBetterBest BadWorseWorst SmartSmarterSmartest BeautifulMore BeautifulMost Beautiful Simple Adjectives: 1.Le garҫon intelligent- the boy is intelligent (A,B,C rule – the adjective goes after the noun) 2.La belle fille triste - the beautiful girl (A,B,C rule – the B.A.N.G.S. adjective is going before the noun)

25 There are 3 types of comparisons in French: More ….. Than - Plus … que + Less ….. Than – Moins …. Que - Equal /As …. As - Aussi …. Que = Note the comparison is in red and the noun it modifies is in green. 1.Il est plus intelligent que son père. He is more intelligent than his father 2.Est-elle moins intelligente que sa mère? 3.Nous ne sommes pas aussi curieux que nos ancêstres.

26 There are also two irregular comparisons: Meilleur … quebetter than Meilleurs …. que Meilleure…. quebetter than Meilleures …. que Pire …. queworse than Examples of the comparative: Note the comparison is in red and the noun it modifies is in green. Est- il meilleur que son père comme chef? Elle est meilleure que sa soeur. Les maths sont pire que lart pour moi.

27 There are only two forms of superlative adjectives: Le /la/les plus – the most Le/la/ les moins – the least There are also two irregular superlatives: Le meilleur/les meilleurs La meilleure/les meilleures Le pire Examples of Superlatives: The superlative is in red, the noun it modifies is in green. Pay attention to the placement of the superlative phrase. 1.Il est le garҫon le plus intelligent. 2.Elle est la fille la plus bavarde de la classe. 3.Ils sont les plus grands garçons de lécole mais ils ne sont pas les meilleurs jouers de volleyball.


Télécharger ppt "The first type of regular verbs are: ER When conjugating ER verbs, you remove the ER at the end and replace it with the following: The red indicates."

Présentations similaires


Annonces Google