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- Er verbs Regular – er verbs in the Present, Past, and Future Tenses M. Bridgeo.

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Présentation au sujet: "- Er verbs Regular – er verbs in the Present, Past, and Future Tenses M. Bridgeo."— Transcription de la présentation:

1 - Er verbs Regular – er verbs in the Present, Past, and Future Tenses M. Bridgeo

2 - Er verbs: Present Tense The majority of all –er verbs in French, in the Present Tense, have the same endings for je, tu, il (elle, on), nous, vous, ils (elles). Je-e Tu -es Il-e Nous-ons Vous-ez Ils-ent M. Bridgeo

3 - Er verbs: Present Tense To form your verb (to conjugate the verb) in the Present Tense, take off the –er and simply add those endings. Jeparle(I talk/am talking) Tu parles(You talk/are talking) Ilparle(He talks/is talking) Nousparlons(We talk/are talking) Vousparlez(They/You are talking) Ilsparlent(They are talking) M. Bridgeo

4 - Er verbs: Present Tense Here are two examples of exception verbs, and how they are different… Manger (to eat)Aller JemangeJe vais Tu mangesTu vas IlmangeIl va Nous mangeonsNous allons Vous mangezVous allez IlsmangentIls vont M. Bridgeo

5 Exercise 1: The Present Tense Directions: Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the verb in the Present Tense. 1.J____ (aimer; to like) les jouets. 2.Tu ____ (adorer; to adore) en avoir une. 3.Il ____ (parler; to talk) aux filles. 4.Elles ____ (travailler; to work) chez McDonalds. 5.Nous ____ (marcher; to walk) ensemble. 6.Vous ____ (regarder; to look) aux filles, ein? 7.Ils ____ (poser; to ask) beaucoup de questions. 8.Elles ____ (tomber; to fall) souvent. aime adores parle travaillent marchons regardez posent tombent M. Bridgeo

6 Exercise 3: The Present Tense Directions: Use each verb to write a sentence. 1.Arriver, nous. 2.Retourner, vous. 3.Rester, je. 4.Voyager, il 5.Arrêter, ils. 6.Grimper, elles 7.Affronter, ils. 8.Commencer, je. 9.Manger, nous. 10.Stopper, vous. arrivons retournez reste voyage arrêtent grimpent affrontent commence mangeons stoppez Please note: Verbs ending in –ger are the only verbs that retain the -e before adding the –ons to the 1 st Person Plural (nous) of the Present Tense (ex: ranger, plonger) M. Bridgeo

7 How is the Past Indefinite (Passé Composé in French) tense formed? The Past Indefinite tense (Passé Composé in French) is a compound tense of verb. This means that there will be two parts to the verbs, or a mix of two different verbs. If you know the Present (le Présent in French) tense of the verbs avoir (to have) and être (to be), you are half way there Just in case you need a reminder, here are the verbs avoir and être in their Present tense. avoir (to have) être (to be) JaiJe suis Tu asTu es Il aElle est Nous avonsNous sommes Vous avezVous êtes Ils ontIls sont Please note: The verb être, when used as the helping verb for the Past Indefinite, translates as to have. Example: Je suis allé(e)… I have gone… M. Bridgeo

8 As mentioned, the Past Indefinite (le Passé Composé) is a compound tense…so you need to add something to either the verb avoir or the verb être to complete the formation of the Past Indefinite tense. What is added is known as the Past Participle (le participe passé in French). The past participle is used for every subject pronoun for the verb in question (je, tu, il, elle, on, nous, vous, ils, elles). For all verbs that use avoir as the helping verb, the past participle never changes. Here is an example: the verb Manger (to eat) in the Past Indefinite tense would be… Jai mangéI ate Tu as mangéYou ate Il a mangéHe ate Nous avons mangéWe ate Vous avez mangéThey/you ate Ils ont mangéThey ate How is the Past Indefinite (Passé Composé in French) tense formed? The verb Manger is one of the 99.9% of verbs that are conjugated with the verb Avoir, which youll see on the right. To form the Past Participle for –er verbs …drop the -er, and add - é M. Bridgeo

9 How is the Past Indefinite (Passé Composé in French) tense formed? So you now know that there are two verbs that team up to form the Past Indefinite (le Passé Composé) tense of each verb in French. But now you need to know which verbs will use avoir and which will use être. An easy way I can explain this to you is this…Dr. & Mrs. Vandertramp. Each of the letters from the good Dr. and his wife are the first letter of a verb that uses être as the helping verb to form the le Passé Composé of that verb. M. Bridgeo

10 Here is a list of the majority of verbs that use être as the helping verb to form the Past Indefinite tense…and youll have to memorize these or find another way to study them so youll know them Devenirdevenu (e) Revenirrevenu (e) & Montermonté (e) Rentrerrentré (e) Sortirsorti (e) Venirvenu (e) Arriverarrivé (e) Naîtrené(e) Descendredescendu (e) Entrerentré (e) Resterresté (e) Tombertombé (e) Retournerretourné (e) Allerallé (e) Mourirmort (e) Partirparti (e) How is the Past Indefinite (Passé Composé in French) tense formed? Lets see that in action M. Bridgeo

11 How is the Past Indefinite (Passé Composé in French) tense formed? We will use the verb Arriver (to arrive) as an example, as it one of the verbs that is conjugated with the helping verb être… Arriver Je suis arrivé (e) Tu es arrivé (e) Il est arrivé Elle est arrivée Nous sommes arrivé(e)s Vous êtes arrivé(e)(s) Ils sont arrivés Elles sont arrivées You arrived early. (where you is masculine) Tu es arrivé tôt. You arrived early (where you is feminine) Tu es arrivée tôt. They arrived early. (where they is masculine) Ils sont arrivés tôt. They arrived early. (where they is feminine) Elles sont arrivées tôt. arrivé; not feminine, not plural arrivée; feminine, not plural arrivés; masculine, plural arrivées; feminine, plural M. Bridgeo

12 Exercise 1: The Past Tense Directions: Conjugate each of the following verbs into the Past Tense. 1.Parler, nous nous avons parlé 2.Passer, tu tu as passé 3.Arriver, vous (an older man) vous êtes arrivé 4.Entre, vous (3 women) vous êtes entrées 5.Marcher, elle elle a marché 6.Tomber, Elles elles sont tombées 7.Communiquer, je jai communiqué 8.Tomber, il il est tombé 9.Retourner, nous (you and four girls) nous sommes retournés/retournées 10.Marcher, il Il a marché M. Bridgeo

13 - Er verbs: Future Tense The Future Tense (le Futur Proche) is a compound tense…and the helping verb is always the verb Aller (to go) in the Present Tense. All you do, to indicate an action in the future, is use the Present Tense of the verb Aller and the immediately add the verb for the action you wish to express in the future. Take a look at this example, using the verb Parler (to talk): Parler (to talk) Aller + Verb Jevaisparler(I am going to talk) Tu vas parler(You are going to talk) Ilvaparler(He is going to talk) Nousallonsparler(We are going to talk) Vousallez parler(They/You are going to talk) Ilsvontparler(They are going to talk) M. Bridgeo

14 Exercise 1: The Future Tense Directions: Conjugate each of the following verbs into the Future Tense. 1.Parler, nous nous allons parler 2.Passer, tu tu vas passer 3.Arriver, vous vous allez arriver 4.Entrer, vous vous allez entrer 5.Marcher, elle elle va marcher 6.Aller, Elles elles vont aller 7.Communiquer, je je vais communiquer 8.Tomber, il il va tomber 9.Retourner, nous (you and four girls) nous allons retourner 10.Marcher, il Il va marcher M. Bridgeo

15 Photo Credits Click on the name of each flag to visit the sites from which they were gathered. French Flag Canadian flag Quebec flag Acadian flag M. Bridgeo


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