Présentation au sujet: "formation and explanation"— Transcription de la présentation:
1 formation and explanation Imparfaitformation and explanation
2 The imperfect tense (l’imparfait) is another past tense but used in different situations than the passé composé.To form the imperfect, you first need the stem. The stem comes from conjugating the verb in the present tense nous form and subtracting the –ons ending.modèle: -er verb: parlernous parlons parl- is your stem
3 modèle: -re verb vendre nous vendons vend- is your stemmodèle: -ir verb maigrirnous maigrissons maigriss- is your stemYour next step is to add the correct ending.je: -ais nous: -ionstu-ais vous: -iezil/elle/on: -ait ils/elles: -aient
4 j’habitais: I used to live, was living nous choisissions: We were choosing, used to chooseils vendaient: They were selling, used to sellvous parliez: You were speaking, used to speaktu rendais: You were returning, used to returnelle finissait: She was finishing, used to finish.
5 Common irregular stems avoir: av-boire: buv-conduire: conduis-devoir: dev-dire: dis-écrire: écriv-être: ét- *the only irregular stemfaire: fais
7 Using the imperfect tense to express habitual past actioncircumstances leading up to a main eventbackground information; setting the stagephysical or emotional statestimeweatherWhat was in progress when a main event happenedconditions and circumstances that form the background of another past action.
8 Using the imperfect tense was/were +ingused todescribing events that happened over a period of time.describing repeated events (every Monday, in the mornings, in the summers)describing what things were like; what people used to do; how an event was.