Présentation au sujet: "AN INTRODUCTION TO THE SUBJUNCTIVE"— Transcription de la présentation:
1 AN INTRODUCTION TO THE SUBJUNCTIVE Le présent du subjonctif
2 L’indicatif The statements you have made so far in French teachers have fooled you again!The statements you have made so far inFrench have been direct statements of fact.Il est trois heures vingt.Elle vend son auto.The verbs in these sentences are in the indicative because they INDICATE a reality; an objective definite fact.
4 Le subjonctif Although these same statements of fact appear in the following sentences, the verbform changes.Elle est contente qu’il soit trois heures vingt.Je veux qu’il vende son auto.In these sentences it is NOT the fact itself that is important, but the person’s reaction to the fact. This reaction may be a feeling about the fact, an opinion about the fact, or even a doubt about the fact.
5 FACT: Il conduit bien. Feeling about the fact: Je suis heureux qu’il conduise bien.Opinion about the fact:Il est important qu’il conduise bien.Doubt about the fact:Nous doutons qu’il conduise bien.
6 Verbs that follow an expression of feeling, of opinion or of doubt have a different form – the subjunctive.factfact = INDICATIVEfeelings ABOUT factsopinions ABOUT facts = SUBJUNCTIVEdoubts ABOUT facts
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