Présentation au sujet: "A French Hero, Jean Moulin Projet Comenius 2012/2014 – TEB AA-EE Lycée Auguste Bouvet Romans sur Isère."— Transcription de la présentation:
A French Hero, Jean Moulin Projet Comenius 2012/2014 – TEB AA-EE Lycée Auguste Bouvet Romans sur Isère
The childhood of Jean Moulin Jean Moulin, born on June 1899 in Béziers. His father is a true republican. He is not a very committed student. Very interested in Arts but graduates in Law. He thinks of becoming a Préfet (representive of the government in a departement) «Jean Moulin, artiste, préfet, résistant », de Christine Levisse-Touzé et Dominique Veillon, Tallandier-Ministère de la Défense Dylan et Farid «Jean Moulin, artiste, préfet, résistant », de Christine Levisse-Touzé et Dominique Veillon, Tallandier-Ministère de la Défense Dylan et Farid
The « Préfet » JEAN MOULIN Youngest sub-prefet of France in Albertville in 1925,the youngest prefet in1937. Sept. 1939, mobilization is decreed. J. Moulin, childless, feels that his duty is to serve in the army. Till Dec.1939, he tries to get mobilized. He finally manages to get incorporated in the Army, but the Minister of the Interior orders him to return to his post of Préfet. «Jean Moulin, artiste, préfet, résistant », de Christine Levisse-Touzé et Dominique Veillon, Tallandier-Ministère de la Défense Valentin et Amaël
1941 : Jean Moulin meets General de Gaulle December 24 1941 representative delegated to the national committee for the Free Zone.De Gaulle, chief of Free France in London, designates Moulin as his legal representative. October 22,1942, Moulin is designated to preside the committee for the free zone. May1943, 1st meeting of the National Resistance Committee (CNR)in Paris. 17 representatives of The different groups designate General de Gaulle as their only leader. June 4, 1943 8 coordinated movements are set, it is the excecutive commitee of the resistance. Source : Livre d’histoire-Géographie-éducation civique, Foucher, 1 er Bac Pro et Le 70 e, fr Léa et Andréa
Why the meeting of Caluire? June 9, 1943, General Delestraint ’’Vidal ’’, chief of the Secret Army (AS) is arrested in Paris, Jean Moulin has to organize his succession. A major meeting of all the leaders of the different groups of resistants takes place in Caluire in spite of tensions between the groups. Moulin considers designating, temporarily, Raymond Aubrac and André LASSAGNE as leaders of the AS.
Jean Moulin’s comrades in resistance 1/5 Henri FRESNAY 1905/1988 Founder of the movement of resistants in the southern zone « COMBAT» Jean Pierre LEVY 1911/1996 Chief of the movement« FRANC TIREUR » Arrestation linked to the movement « CEUX DE LA LIBERTE », His comrades make him evade in 1944
Jean Moulin’s comrades in resistance 2/5 Emmanuel D’ASTIER de la VIGERIE 1900/1969 Writer– journalist Founder of the movement « LA DERNIERE COLONNE » Raymond AUBRAC 1914/2012 Co-founder of the Movement « LIBERATION SUD » His wife Lucie joins the resistance with him.
Jean Moulin’s comrades in resistance 3/5 Henri AUBRY 1914/1970 In the movement « COMBAT » Arrested in Caluire with Jean MOULIN. Tortured, he eventually designates « Max », June 23 juin 23 1943 Bruno LARAT 1916/1944 Chief of center for parachuting and landing operations« C.O.P.A. » Parachuted with Moulin in France en 1942 Arrested in Caluire, tortured and deported. Dies in the camp of Dora at the age of 28.
Jean Moulin’s comrades in resistance 4/5 André LASSAGNE 1911/ Takes part in the mission REX (Jean Moulin’s nickname) Arrested in Caluire, deported to the camp of Brieg, in Silesie, he comes back to France in1945. His mission : « to reconciliate in a European Union »
Jean Moulin’s comrades in resistance 5/5 René HARDY, alias Didot, 1911 / 1987 Writer, chief of the organisation« SABOTAGE FER » Not supposed to attend the Caluire meeting. He escapes a first time during the arrestation of Moulin. Arrested again, he escapes while being left to Klaus Barbie. A court of Justice and a military court acquitted him in 1947 and in1950. According to many historians, relying on 2 German documents he is seen as responsible of the Caluire drama. Sources: www.memorialjeanmoulin-caluire.fr Ben-Yamine et Emericwww.memorialjeanmoulin-caluire.fr
Arrestation of Jean Moulin Jean Moulin was arrested on June 21st 1943 in Caluire-et-Cuire (Rhône) in the house of Doctor Dugougon while directing a meeting with several chiefs of the Resistance, among them : Lacaze, Laret, Lassagne et Aubrac. Hardy, present at the meeting when not asked, may have indicated to Klaus Barbie the exact place of this ultra secret meeting. «Jean Moulin, artiste, préfet, résistant », de Christine Levisse-Touzé et Dominique Veillon, Tallandier-Ministère de la Défense Thomas B. et Tanguy
Jean Moulin’s death After being identified, he is questionned and tortured by the persecutor and chief of the Lyon’s Gestapo Klaus Barbie. He died of his injuries on July 8th in the station of Metz in the train Paris-Berlin that was taking him in Germany to be questionned. We can pay him a tribute in the Panthéon in Paris. «Jean Moulin, artiste, préfet, résistant », de Christine Levisse-Touzé et Dominique Veillon, Tallandier-Ministère de la Défense Thomas B. et Tanguy
Jean Moulin, the artist Using the alias Romanin, the greatest figure of the Resistance was a talented drawer. His work is diversified: caricatures, comic drawings, engravings... In Spring 1943, his pessonal secretary asked him : « After the war, what will you do? » Jean Moulin answered laughing : « I will be a painter of course! ». «Jean Moulin, artiste, préfet, résistant », de Christine Levisse-Touzé et Dominique Veillon, Tallandier-Ministère de la Défense Emile, Sarah et Dorian
Jean Moulin, the seducer While very serious in his work, Jean Moulin can be much more frivolous in his private life. «Jean Moulin, artiste, préfet, résistant », de Christine Levisse-Touzé et Dominique Veillon, Tallandier-Ministère de la Défense Emilie, Sarah et Dorian
Reconciliation in a European Union Helmut Kohl and François Mitterrand Hand in hand in 1984 near Verdun to pay tribute to the deads of WW One.
Important stages in Jean Moulin’s life Birth of Jean Moulin in Bézier 1899 17 April1918 Mobilized during law studies 1919-1921 Resumes his studies and gets a Law degree 2 Sept.1939 General mobilization 1940 German attack Suicide attempt Birth of resistance movements 1941 Melissa et romane De Gaulle asks him: To create a secret army To coordiante the resistance movements
Important stages in Jean Moulin’s life (2) 1943 COMBAT, FRANC-TIREUR, LIBERATION SUD get united and become « Les Mouvements de Unis Résistants » 27 May1943 J. Moulin directs the creation of CNR (Comité National des Résistants ) composed of 16 representatives : resistants movements, trade unions,traditional political parties 19 Dec. 1964 Moulin ashes are transferred to the Panthéon 22 Sept.1945 Declaration of peace 8 May 1945 Germany capitulates Melissa et Romane
Le chant des Partisans The Chant des Partisans was the most popular song of the Free French and French Resistance during World War II. Ami, entends-tu le vol noir des corbeaux sur nos plaines? Ami, entends-tu les cris sourds du pays qu´on enchaîne? Ohé, partisans, ouvriers et paysans, c´est l´alarme. Ce soir l´ennemi connaîtra le prix du sang et les larmes. Montez de la mine, descendez des collines, camarades! Sortez de la paille les fusils, la mitraille, les grenades. Ohé, les tueurs à la balle et au couteau, tuez vite! Ohé, saboteur, attention à ton fardeau : dynamite... C´est nous qui brisons les barreaux des prisons pour nos frères. La haine à nos trousses et la faim qui nous pousse, la misère. The partisans' song Mate, do you hear the dark flight of the crows over our plains? Mate, do you hear the muffled clamour of enchained countries? Hey, partisans, workers and peasants this is the signal tonight the enemy will know the price of blood and tears... Join the sabotage, get off the hills, comrades! Take the rifles, the machine gun, the grenades out of the straws. Hey, killers, with a bullet or by knife, kill swiftly! Hey, saboteur, take care of your charge: dynamite... It's us smashing the prison bars for our brothers, The hatred on our backs and the hunger that drives us, the misery.
The partisans’ song Il y a des pays où les gens au creux des lits font des rêves. Ici, nous, vois-tu, nous on marche et nous on tue, nous on crève... Ici chacun sait ce qu´il veut, ce qu´il fait quand il passe. Ami, si tu tombes un ami sort de l´ombre à ta place. Demain du sang noir sèchera au grand soleil sur les routes. Chantez, compagnons, dans la nuit la Liberté nous écoute... Ami, entends-tu le vol noir des corbeaux sur nos plaines? Ami, entends-tu les cris sourds du pays qu´on enchaîne? There are countries where people are dreaming deep in their beds, here, we, you see, we're marching on and we're getting killed, we're getting whacked... Yes, we're getting whacked... Here everyone knows what he wants, what he does when it takes place, Mate, if you go down, a mate out of the shadows takes your place. Tomorrow black blood will be drying under the sun on the roads, sing, colleagues, freedom is listening to us in the night... Sing... Come on, sing... Sing, colleagues!
A song and a story of Resistance. A Russian guitarist wrote the song in London and the writers Joseph Kessel and Maurice Druon adapted the lyrics. The song was whistled on the BBC to override the jammings. The air became popular in France. Whistling meant rallying. The lyrics were parachuted in France by the RAF in 1943. It became the song of the Resistance.
1 ère EE et AA Lycée Auguste Bouvet Romans sur Isère 2013/2014