Présentation au sujet: "A French Hero, Jean Moulin"— Transcription de la présentation:
1A French Hero, Jean Moulin Projet Comenius 2012/2014 – TEB AA-EELycée Auguste BouvetRomans sur Isère
2The childhood of Jean Moulin Jean Moulin, born on June 1899 in Béziers . His father is a true republican.He is not a very committed student.Very interested in Arts but graduates in Law.He thinks of becoming a Préfet (representive of the government in a departement)«Jean Moulin, artiste, préfet, résistant », de Christine Levisse-Touzé et Dominique Veillon, Tallandier-Ministère de la DéfenseDylan et Farid
3The « Préfet » JEAN MOULIN Youngest sub-prefet of France in Albertville in 1925,theyoungest prefet in1937. Sept. 1939, mobilization is decreed.J. Moulin, childless, feels that his duty is to serve in the army.Till Dec.1939, he tries to get mobilized.He finally manages to get incorporated in the Army, but the Minister of the Interior orders him to return to his post of Préfet.«Jean Moulin, artiste, préfet, résistant », de Christine Levisse-Touzé et Dominique Veillon, Tallandier-Ministère de la DéfenseValentin et Amaël
41941 : Jean Moulin meets General de Gaulle December representative delegated to the national committee for the Free Zone .De Gaulle, chief of Free France in London, designates Moulin as his legal representative.October 22,1942,Moulin is designated to preside the committee for the free zone.May1943, 1st meeting of the National ResistanceCommittee (CNR)in Paris. 17 representatives ofThe different groups designate General de Gaulleas their only leader.June 4, coordinated movements are set ,it is the excecutive commitee of the resistance.Source : Livre d’histoire-Géographie-éducation civique, Foucher, 1er Bac Pro et Le 70 e, frLéa et Andréa
5Why the meeting of Caluire? June 9, 1943, General Delestraint ’’Vidal ’’, chief of the Secret Army (AS) is arrested in Paris, Jean Moulin has to organize his succession.A major meeting of all the leaders of the different groups of resistants takes place in Caluire in spite of tensions between the groups.Moulin considers designating, temporarily, Raymond Aubrac and André LASSAGNE as leaders of the AS.
6Jean Moulin’s comrades in resistance 1/5 Jean Pierre LEVY1911/1996Chief of the movement« FRANC TIREUR »Arrestation linked to the movement« CEUX DE LA LIBERTE »,His comrades make him evade in 1944Henri FRESNAY1905/1988Founder of the movement of resistants in the southern zone« COMBAT»
7Jean Moulin’s comrades in resistance 2/5 Emmanuel D’ASTIER de la VIGERIE /1969Writer– journalistFounder of the movement« LA DERNIERE COLONNE »Raymond AUBRAC1914/2012Co-founder of theMovement « LIBERATION SUD »His wife Lucie joins the resistance with him.
8Jean Moulin’s comrades in resistance 3/5 Henri AUBRY1914/1970In the movement « COMBAT »Arrested in Caluire with Jean MOULIN.Tortured , he eventually designates « Max », June 23 juinBruno LARAT1916/1944Chief of center for parachuting and landing operations« C.O.P.A. »Parachuted with Moulin in France en 1942Arrested in Caluire, tortured and deported.Dies in the camp of Dora at the age of 28 .
9Jean Moulin’s comrades in resistance 4/5 André LASSAGNE1911/Takes part in the mission REX(Jean Moulin’s nickname)Arrested in Caluire , deported to the camp of Brieg, in Silesie, he comes back to France in1945. His mission :« to reconciliate in a European Union »
10Jean Moulin’s comrades in resistance 5/5 René HARDY, alias Didot, 1911 / 1987Writer, chief of the organisation« SABOTAGE FER »Not supposed to attend the Caluire meeting.He escapes a first time during the arrestation of Moulin.Arrested again, he escapes while being left to Klaus Barbie.A court of Justice and a military court acquitted him in 1947 and in1950. According to many historians, relying on 2 German documents he is seen as responsible of the Caluire drama.Sources: Ben-Yamine et Emeric
11Arrestation of Jean Moulin Jean Moulin was arrested on June 21st 1943 in Caluire-et-Cuire (Rhône) in the house of Doctor Dugougon while directing a meeting with several chiefs of the Resistance, among them : Lacaze, Laret, Lassagne et Aubrac. Hardy, present at the meeting when not asked , may have indicated to Klaus Barbie the exact place of this ultra secret meeting.«Jean Moulin, artiste, préfet, résistant », de Christine Levisse-Touzé et Dominique Veillon, Tallandier-Ministère de la Défense Thomas B. et Tanguy
12Jean Moulin’s deathAfter being identified, he is questionned and tortured by the persecutor and chief of the Lyon’s Gestapo Klaus Barbie.He died of his injuries on July 8th in the station of Metz in the train Paris-Berlin that was taking him in Germany to be questionned .We can pay him a tribute in the Panthéon in Paris.«Jean Moulin, artiste, préfet, résistant », de Christine Levisse-Touzé et Dominique Veillon, Tallandier-Ministère de la Défense Thomas B.et Tanguy
13Jean Moulin, the artistUsing the alias Romanin, the greatest figure of the Resistance was a talented drawer. His work is diversified: caricatures, comic drawings, engravings... In Spring 1943, his pessonal secretary asked him : « After the war, what will you do? » Jean Moulin answered laughing : « I will be a painter of course! ».«Jean Moulin, artiste, préfet, résistant », de Christine Levisse-Touzé et Dominique Veillon, Tallandier-Ministère de la Défense Emile, Sarah et Dorian
14Jean Moulin , the seducer While very serious in his work, Jean Moulin can be much more frivolous in his private life.«Jean Moulin, artiste, préfet, résistant », de Christine Levisse-Touzé et Dominique Veillon, Tallandier-Ministère de la Défense Emilie, Sarah et Dorian
15 Reconciliation in a European Union Helmut Kohl and François MitterrandHand in hand in 1984 near Verdun to pay tribute to thedeads of WW One.
17Important stages in Jean Moulin’s life 17 April19182 Sept.19391899Mobilized during law studiesResumes his studies and gets a Law degreeBirth of Jean Moulin in BézierGeneral mobilization19411940De Gaulle asks him:To create a secret armyTo coordiante the resistance movementsGerman attackSuicide attemptBirth of resistance movementsMelissa et romane
18Important stages in Jean Moulin’s life (2) 27 May19431943J. Moulin directs the creation of CNR (Comité National des Résistants ) composed of 16 representatives : resistants movements, trade unions,traditional political partiesCOMBAT, FRANC-TIREUR, LIBERATION SUD get united and become « Les Mouvements de Unis Résistants »22 Sept.194519 Dec. 19648 May 1945Declaration of peaceMoulin ashes are transferred to the PanthéonGermany capitulatesMelissa et Romane
19Le chant des Partisans The Chant des Partisans was the most popular song of the Free French and French Resistance during World War II.The partisans' songMate, do you hear the dark flight of the crows over our plains? Mate, do you hear the muffled clamour of enchained countries? Hey, partisans, workers and peasants this is the signal tonight the enemy will know the price of blood and tears...Join the sabotage, get off the hills, comrades! Take the rifles, the machine gun, the grenades out of the straws. Hey, killers, with a bullet or by knife, kill swiftly! Hey, saboteur, take care of your charge: dynamite...It's us smashing the prison bars for our brothers, The hatred on our backs and the hunger that drives us, the misery.Ami, entends-tu le vol noir des corbeaux sur nos plaines? Ami, entends-tu les cris sourds du pays qu´on enchaîne? Ohé, partisans, ouvriers et paysans, c´est l´alarme. Ce soir l´ennemi connaîtra le prix du sang et les larmes. Montez de la mine, descendez des collines, camarades! Sortez de la paille les fusils, la mitraille, les grenades. Ohé, les tueurs à la balle et au couteau, tuez vite! Ohé, saboteur, attention à ton fardeau : dynamite C´est nous qui brisons les barreaux des prisons pour nos frères. La haine à nos trousses et la faim qui nous pousse, la misère.
20The partisans’ songIl y a des pays où les gens au creux des lits font des rêves. Ici, nous, vois-tu, nous on marche et nous on tue, nous on crève Ici chacun sait ce qu´il veut, ce qu´il fait quand il passe. Ami, si tu tombes un ami sort de l´ombre à ta place. Demain du sang noir sèchera au grand soleil sur les routes. Chantez, compagnons, dans la nuit la Liberté nous écoute Ami, entends-tu le vol noir des corbeaux sur nos plaines? Ami, entends-tu les cris sourds du pays qu´on enchaîne?There are countries where people are dreaming deep in their beds, here, we, you see, we're marching on and we're getting killed, we're getting whacked... Yes, we're getting whacked...Here everyone knows what he wants, what he does when it takes place, Mate, if you go down, a mate out of the shadows takes your place. Tomorrow black blood will be drying under the sun on the roads, sing, colleagues, freedom is listening to us in the night...Sing... Come on, sing... Sing, colleagues!
21A song and a story of Resistance. A Russian guitarist wrote the song in London and the writers Joseph Kessel and Maurice Druon adapted the lyrics. The song was whistled on the BBC to override the jammings. The air became popular in France. Whistling meant rallying. The lyrics were parachuted in France by the RAF in It became the song of the Resistance.
221ère EE et AA Lycée Auguste Bouvet Romans sur Isère 2013/2014