Présentation au sujet: "Rappel 3, Part A Revised 9/10/12. What is the function of a Verb? A VERB is the part of speech in a sentence that conveys the ACTION that is taking."— Transcription de la présentation:
What is the function of a Verb? A VERB is the part of speech in a sentence that conveys the ACTION that is taking place. What is an infinitive? In English AND in French, verbs come in different forms; the INFINITIVE (the unconjugated form) is the MOST BASIC FORM of any verb. This is the form of the verb BEFORE you place it in a SENTENCE. If you want to look up a verb in the dictionary, you must look for it’s infinitive form. In English, the translation/definition of any infinitive will always have “to...” in front of the definition.
When we want to use a verb in a sentence, we need to CONJUGATE this verb, so that it makes sense. How do we do this in French? By changing the ending of the verbENGLISH to like She likes hotdogs. FRENCH aimer Elle aime les hot-dogs.
Why are –ER verbs considered regular? because most follow a set pattern for conjugation. Can you think of the other two regular verb groups? -IR and -RE Can you think of the two times the pattern changes slightly? -ER verbs that end in -GER (manger) and stem-changing boot verbs that add an accent (acheter) What steps do we take to conjugate –ER verbs? 1. REMOVE the –ER from the end of the verb to find its stem. 2. SELECT the subject pronoun you will use in the sentence. 3. ADD the appropriate ending to the verb for the subject pronoun chosen.
SUBJECT PRONOUNENDING je / j’-e tu-es il / elle / on-e nous-ons vous-ez ils / elles-ent
SUBJECT PRONOUNCONJUGATION je / j’aime tuaimes il / elle / onaime nousaimons vousaimez ils / ellesaiment
To the tune of "Frère Jacques." E, ES, E ONS, ONS EZ, EZ, EZ ENT, ENT
What part of speech is it? Pronoun What form of the verb does it take? 3 rd person (il / elle) What does it mean? One (In France, one speaks French.) In conversation…it can also mean we!
In French, how do you make a sentence negative? ne and pas Where do the ne and pas go? directly around the verb. Examples: Je parle italien. Je ne parle pas italien. J’habite en France. Je n’habite pas en France.