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IIS BIAGIO PASCAL Romentino (NO) Classe 2^ BE A.S. 2010/2011.

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1 IIS BIAGIO PASCAL Romentino (NO) Classe 2^ BE A.S. 2010/2011

2 Fêtes Françaises English Festivities JanvierJanuary FévrierFebruary MarsMarch AvrilApril MaiMay JuinJune JuilletJuly AoûtAugust SeptembreSeptember OctobreOctober NovembreNovember DécembreDecember

3 Janvier Nouvel an Nouvel an Nouvel an Nouvel an Épiphanie Épiphanie Épiphanie sommaire

4 Février La chandeleur La chandeleur La chandeleur La chandeleur sommaire

5 Mars Carneval Mardi Gras Carneval Mardi Gras Carneval Mardi Gras Carneval Mardi Gras Fête du père Fête du père Fête du père Fête du père Pâques Pâques Pâques sommaire

6 Avril Poisson d'Avril Poisson d'Avril Poisson d'Avril Poisson d'Avril sommaire

7 Mai Fête du travail Fête du travail Fête du travail Fête du travail Fête de la mère Fête de la mère Fête de la mère Fête de la mère sommaire

8 Juillet Fête Nationale Fête Nationale Fête Nationale Fête Nationale sommaire

9 Décembre Noël Noël Noël sommaire

10 February Valentine's day Valentine's day Valentine's day Valentine's day summary

11 March Mardi Gras Mardi Gras Mardi Gras Mardi Gras Pancake Tuesday Pancake Tuesday Pancake Tuesday Pancake Tuesday summary

12 July Independence Day Independence Day Independence Day Independence Day summary

13 October Columbus day Columbus day Columbus day Columbus day Halloween Halloween Halloween summary

14 November Guy fawkes night Guy fawkes night Guy fawkes night Guy fawkes night Remembrance day Remembrance day Remembrance day Remembrance day Thanksgiving day Thanksgiving day Thanksgiving day Thanksgiving day Black Friday Black Friday Black Friday Black Friday summary

15 December Christmas Christmas Christmas summary

16 NOUVEL AN Le réveillon du nouvel an ou de la Saint Sylvestre, dernier jour de l'année, tombe le 31 décembre. Le réveillon donne lieu à une grande fête destinée à enterrer l'ancienne année et célébrer la nouvelle année. Il est de tradition d'organiser l'attente de la nouvelle année dans l'abondance et dans la joie. Dans la tradition, plus les mets sont variés et riches, plus le réveillon sera de bon augure pour l'année à venir. Le réveillon du nouvel an se fête généralement avec les amis. Le jour du premier janvier, il est de tradition d'organiser un grand déjeuner familial pour fêter l'arrivée de la nouvelle année en famille. Dans certaines familles, lors du nouvel an, on donne aux enfants des étrennes. Les étrennes sont en fait quelques pièces de monnaie ou même des pièces en chocolat! Pour certains cette tradition vient de la Rome antique où les romains s'échangeaient des pièces et des médailles à l'occasion du changement d'année. retour

17 L A FÊTE DE L 'É PIPHANIE OU FÊTE DES ROIS L'Épiphanie, ou fête des rois, commémore la visite des trois rois mages, venus porter des présents à l'enfant Jésus: de la myrrhe, de lencens et de lor. Pour trouver leur chemin jusqu'à la crèche, les mages ont suivi une étoile plus brillante que toutes les autres. Aujourdhui, la tradition veut que pour le Jour des rois, on partage un gâteau appelé galette. Selon la région, il sagit soit dun gâteau feuilleté soit dun gâteau brioché. Dans cette galette est dissimulée une fève. Celui qui mange la part contenant la fève est déclaré roi. retour

18 LA CHANDELEUR Cest une fête chrétienne qui se célèbre le 2 février. Dans la religion catholique la Chandeleur est le jour de la présentation de Jésus au temple, 40 jours après Noël, jour de sa naissance. Tous les ans, la tradition veut que lon cuisine plein de délicieuses crêpes à déguster avec famille et copains. Durant des siècles, la Chandeleur était symbolisée par les chandelles et les crêpes. Aujourdhui il reste surtout les crêpes. retour

19 M ARDI G RAS Le «Mardi Gras» est le dernier jour du Carnaval. Le Carnaval est une période de divertissement pendant laquelle lordre établi et les règles sociales sont renversés. Chacun se promène masqué pour faire ce que lui est interdit en temps normal. retour Le carnaval précède le Carême, une période de jeûne de 40 jours entre le mercredi des Cendres et le jour de Pâques (la résurrection du Christ). Avant cette période de privation on avait lhabitude de faire la fête et de manger «gras». Aujourdhui on mange surtout des crêpes. Aujourd'hui, Mardi Gras est fêté de différentes façons dans le monde entier, il est précédé de nombreux carnavals dont les plus connus sont le carnaval de Venise, le carnaval de Notting Hill et le carnaval de Rio de Janeiro !

20 POISSON DAVRIL Le 1 er avril est une fête civile et cest un jour ouvrable. Le 1 er avril est le jour des canulars des farces, et de blagues.Lorigine la plus connue du poisson dAvril est une décision du roi de France au seizième siècle retour

21 P ÂQUES Pâques est une fête religieuse: pour la religion juive commémore le passage de la Mer Rouge et pour la religion chrétienne la résurrection de Jésus. C'est aussi une fête païenne qui annonce l'éveil du printemps. Pâques est une fête mobile qui se fête entre le 22 mars et le 25 avril. Pâques se célèbre à la fin du Carême. Durant les premiers temps de la chrétienté la Pâques chrétienne coïncidait avec la Pâque juive. L'œuf est le symbole d'une nouvelle vie et on donne des œufs en cadeau à Pâques ou pour célébrer l'arrivée du printemps. retour

22 FÊTE DU TRAVAIL La journée internationale des travailleurs est une fête internationale annuelle célébrant les travailleurs. Instaurée à l'origine comme journée annuelle de grève pour la réduction du temps de travail, elle est célébrée dans de nombreux pays du monde le 1 er mai. Le 1er mai, les gens s'offrent un joli petit brin de muguet. Il paraît même que cest un porte-bonheur qui apporte chance et joie jusqu'à l'année d'après retour

23 Fête de la mère La fête des mères remonte au temps dAstérix, cest une tradition très ancienne! Les premiers à avoir instauré une journée consacrée aux mamans sont les Grecs et les Romains, qui organisaient chaque année au printemps une cérémonie en lhonneur de Rhéa et Cybèle, les divinités mères des Dieux. On honore les mamans le deuxième dimanche de mai depuis plus de 100 ans et leur offre des fleurs ou cadeaux. La fête des mères est une fête internationale. retour

24 Fête du père La fête des pères est le jour des papas et des grands-pères. C'est une journée particulière pour témoigner l'amour que l'on porte à son père. En France, on fête les pères le troisième dimanche de juin. La fête des pères est l'occasion de faire un repas de famille en l'honneur du papa et de lui offrir des cadeaux. La famille et parfois les amis sont invités pour un repas en l'honneur du père de famille. retour

25 LE 14 JUILLET Le 14 juillet est la fête nationale de la France, associée au défilé militaire qui remonte les Champs Elysées. C'est aussi une fête populaire avec l'organisation de bals et feux d'artifices qui ont lieu dans les nuits du 13 au 14 et du 14 au 15 juillet. Mais le 14 juillet est avant tout une fête républicaine symbole de liberté. retour Le 14 juillet est lanniversaire de la prise de la Bastille, prison d'État qui symbolise l'absolutisme de l'Ancien Régime. Dès lors, la prise de la Bastille symbolise pour tous les Français la liberté, la démocratie et la lutte contre toutes les formes d'oppression.

26 Noël Le mot "Noël" viendrait de la contraction des mots latins Natalis' et Dies' qui signifient "jour de naissance". C'est la naissance de Jésus, son anniversaire, que l'on célèbre ce jour là. Comme on ne sait pas exactement le jour précis de sa naissance, en 353, le pape Liberus a fixé la date de cet anniversaire au 25 décembre car c'est aussi le jour du solstice d'hiver. C'est le jour le plus court de l'année, celui qui annonce que les jours vont commencer à rallonger. François d'Assise eut l'idée, en 1223, de reconstituer une crèche vivante avec un vrai âne et un vrai boeuf. Dans les familles chrétiennes il est de tradition encore aujourd'hui de faire une crèche, en bois ou en terre, juste avant Noël. retour

27 VALENTINES DAY I come from South Africa and we have the same celebrations as the UK has, and among these Valentine's Day on February 14th. In Britain it is traditional to give or send romantic or funny cards to both boys and girls in your class or school. Schools in South Africa usually have a Valentines Day dance and you can buy roses and cards or love potions, little heart-shaped bottles with a red liquid in them. Boys enjoy surprising girls by giving them nice gifts like flowers, teddy-bears with hearts on them or a box of chocolates or candies. back

28 CHRISTMAS IN BRITAIN In Britain the Christmas traditions are old and still respected. One is CAROLS: They are happy and joyful songs, generally about Jesus and the time when he was born. A CHRISTMAS CRACKER is a brightly coloured paper tube, twisted at both ends, containing a small gift, a slip of paper with proverbs or jokes, a paper hat or crown and a small banger. Two people pull the ends of the wrapping and the contents fall out. The CHRISTMAS PUDDING is a rich pudding packed with raisins, nuts and cherries. It always contains a penny or cent. The person who gets the slice of cake with the coin is very lucky! MUMMERS PLAYS are one of the oldest surviving features of the traditional English Christmas and also PANTOMIMES, which are a popular form of theatre, incorporating song, dance, buffoonery, cross-dressing, in- jokes, and audience participation. Children and adults alike love these shows. BOXING DAY is usually celebrated on the day after Christmas, which is 26 December. Traditionally, 26 December was the day to open the Christmas box to share the contents with the poor. The Christmas box was a wooden or clay container where people placed gifts. back

29 BLACK FRIDAY Black Friday is the Friday following Thanksgiving (on the fourth Thursday in November). In the United States, it traditionally marks the beginning of the Christmas shopping season. It always occurs between the 23 rd and the 29 th of November, and its a great day for shop-owners, and they open their shops as early as they can (even at Three or four a.m.) and remain open for 24 hours throughout the day until midnight on the following Saturday. It is the busiest shopping and traffic day in the year, when people start thinking about presents and decorations and the Christmas list is checked off, and is a day when retailers make huge profits. back

30 COLUMBUS DAY Columbus Day, which is annually on the second Monday of October, remembers Christopher Columbus's arrival to the Americas on October 12, This holiday is controversial because the European settlement in the Americas caused the end of the history and culture of the indigenous peoples. Officially, the people of the USA are invited to celebrate the anniversary of the discovery of their country with church services and other activities. In some towns and cities special church services, parades and large events are held. Most celebrations are concentrated around the Italian-American communities and the celebrations in New York and San Francisco are particularly noteworthy. back

31 THANKSGIVING Thanksgiving Day is a harvest festival celebrated primarily in the United States and Canada from Traditionally, it is a time to give thanks to God for the harvest and express gratitude in general, so it was religious in origin, but Thanksgiving is now primarily identified as a secular holiday. People in America celebrate Thanksgiving Day on the fourth Thursday of November. This day is a legal holiday. People in America celebrate Thanksgiving Day on the fourth Thursday of November. This day is a legal holiday. People spend a wonderful time with their family and friends and have the holiday feast. On American tables, the typical food is stuffed turkey, usually accompanied by its sauce and filling, by red cranberry sauce, vegetables and pumpkin pie. People spend a wonderful time with their family and friends and have the holiday feast. On American tables, the typical food is stuffed turkey, usually accompanied by its sauce and filling, by red cranberry sauce, vegetables and pumpkin pie. back

32 GUY FAWKES NIGHT Guy Fawkes was a revolutionary who wanted to blow up the Parliament. In the early hours of November 5 th 1605 he was in the cellar of the Parliament with 36 barrels of gunpowder when the authorities stormed it. He was caught, tortured and executed. On the night of November 5 th, in Britain, they commemorate the capture of Guy Fawkes with bonfires and fireworks, and by burning an effigy of Guy. The day is also accompanied by traditional foods. The kids learn a little poem about that: « Remember, remember, the fifth of November, Gunpowder, treason and plot. I see no reason why Gunpowder treason Should ever be forgot! » back

33 Halloween is an ancient Celtic tradition but it is still celebrated today in several countries around the globe, mainly after the fashion of the USA. Halloween in an annual holiday observed on 31 st October. Children go from house to house disguised in fancy costumes asking for candies and sweets, with the question Trick or Treat? Halloween costumes are traditionally modelled as ghosts, witches, monsters and devils but also princesses and ninja warriors are popular. Another typical feature of American Halloween is Jack oLantern, a pumpkin cut in the shape of a scary face with a light inside it. back

34 Independence Day is a federal holiday in the United States: this means that all over the US people are on holiday. It celebrates the declaration of independence of the American states from the kingdom of Great Britain. back Each year on July 4 th Americans celebrate that freedom and independence with barbecues, picnics, family gatherings, firework shows, concerts, baseball games and parades. Streamers, balloons and clothing are generally coloured red white and blue, the colours of the American flag

35 PANCAKE TUESDAY In Canada, the United Kingdom, Ireland, New Zealand and Australia, pancakes are traditionally eaten on Shrove Tuesday, in the period of Carnival. In Canada, the United Kingdom, Ireland, New Zealand and Australia, pancakes are traditionally eaten on Shrove Tuesday, in the period of Carnival. This day is also known as Pancake Day and, particularly in Ireland, as Pancake Tuesday. A traditional pancake is about like a French crepe and is served immediately after preparation. Long ago it was served with a dish of meat, but in modern times it is a cake and is served with a sprinkling of sugar and lemon juice or spreading it with chocolate cream or jam. This day is also known as Pancake Day and, particularly in Ireland, as Pancake Tuesday. A traditional pancake is about like a French crepe and is served immediately after preparation. Long ago it was served with a dish of meat, but in modern times it is a cake and is served with a sprinkling of sugar and lemon juice or spreading it with chocolate cream or jam. In some countries, the people organize sports events on Pancake Day. Pancakes and doughnuts are associated with the day preceding Lent because people in these days used to eat rich foods as sugar, eggs and butter before the fasting season of the 40 days of Lent. There is no holiday at school but it is common for children to have a pancake party with friends or eat the delicious fritters at home with family In some countries, the people organize sports events on Pancake Day. Pancakes and doughnuts are associated with the day preceding Lent because people in these days used to eat rich foods as sugar, eggs and butter before the fasting season of the 40 days of Lent. There is no holiday at school but it is common for children to have a pancake party with friends or eat the delicious fritters at home with family. back

36 REMEMBRANCE DAY Remembrance Day, also known as Poppy Day, Armistice Day (from the event it commemorates) or Veterans Day is a Commonwealth holiday to commemorate the sacrifice of members of the armed forces and of civilians in times of war, specifically since the First World War. It is observed on 11 th November to recall the end of World War I on that date in 1918.The eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month marks the signing of the Armistice, when the guns of the Western Front fell silent after more than four years continuous warfare. Today, on that date, to signal the end of World War One, wreaths are laid beside war memorials by companies, clubs and societies. People also leave small wooden crosses by the memorials in remembrance of a family member who died in war. Remembrance Day, also known as Poppy Day, Armistice Day (from the event it commemorates) or Veterans Day is a Commonwealth holiday to commemorate the sacrifice of members of the armed forces and of civilians in times of war, specifically since the First World War. It is observed on 11 th November to recall the end of World War I on that date in 1918.The eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month marks the signing of the Armistice, when the guns of the Western Front fell silent after more than four years continuous warfare. Today, on that date, to signal the end of World War One, wreaths are laid beside war memorials by companies, clubs and societies. People also leave small wooden crosses by the memorials in remembrance of a family member who died in war. Remembrance Day is also known as Poppy Day, because it is traditional to wear an artificial poppy on your coat. Poppies are sold by the Royal British Legion, a charity dedicated to helping war veterans. Remembrance Day is also known as Poppy Day, because it is traditional to wear an artificial poppy on your coat. Poppies are sold by the Royal British Legion, a charity dedicated to helping war veterans. A small number of people choose to wear white poppies, to indicate a preference to look forward to peace. A small number of people choose to wear white poppies, to indicate a preference to look forward to peace. back

37 The name Mardi Gras obviously comes from French and it means Fat Tuesday. On this day and in the period of Carnival people used to eat plenty of fatty foods before the beginning of Lent, when they were expected to fast and pray more. back One of the most famous towns in the US where Mardi Gras is celebrated with relish is New Orleans, which in the past was under the French rule. In New Orleans Carnival is celebrated in February or March with big street parties as well as private balls. People dance all day, wear masks and costumes and play music, especially jazz, the kind of music for which New Orleans is famous. Onlookers can enjoy floats parades along the streets and try the typical King Cake. During this festival people also wear coloured beads necklaces: the more you wear, the more you enjoyed yourself! The traditional colours were purple, green and yellow or gold, but nowadays all the colours are admitted. Inhabitants throw beads out of their windows or from the floats. This custom can be traced back to the days when the King of France and the aristocracy used to throw coins and chocolate coated almonds to the crowds as they passed. The Mardi Gras beads today are made of all types of materials, like glass or plastic.


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