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VERBES a word (part of speech) that usually denotes an action (bring, read), an occurrence (decompose, glitter), or a state of being (exist, stand).

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Présentation au sujet: "VERBES a word (part of speech) that usually denotes an action (bring, read), an occurrence (decompose, glitter), or a state of being (exist, stand)."— Transcription de la présentation:

1 VERBES a word (part of speech) that usually denotes an action (bring, read), an occurrence (decompose, glitter), or a state of being (exist, stand).

2 Trois conjugaisons -ER verbs Exemples: parler, aimer, détester, adorer -IR verbs Exemples: finir, choisir, remplir, atterir, réussir -RE verbs Exemples: vendre, attendre, descendre, répondre, perdre

3 Trois conjugaisons -ER verbs Meanings: parler, aimer, détester, adorer To speak/ to like or to love / to dislike or to hate/ to adore -IR verbs Meanings: finir, choisir, remplir, atterir, réussir To end or to finish / to choose/ to fill (up, out)/ to succeed or to achieve -RE verbs Meanings: vendre, attendre, descendre, répondre, perdre To sell/ to wait / to go down or to come down or to get out / to answer/ to lose

4 VERBES Verbs has two parts: stem and ending ADORER ADOR-ER stem - ending

5 Conjugaisons To conjugate a verb, you have to identify the stem of this verb. This is done by eliminating the ending of the verb in its infinitive or base form. For exemple: AIMERFINIRDESCENDRE AIM-ERFIN-IRDESCEND-RE

6 Pronoms personnels personal pronouns Each verb has a different derived form according to the personal pronoun that precedes it. For example: English: I amYou areHe is French: Je suis Tu es Il est

7 -ER verbs Each personal pronoun has its particular way of being conjugated. Look at the example of PARLER. PARL-ERto speak Stem: PARL Ending: ER Je PARL-esNous PARL-ons Tu PARL-esVous PARL-ez Il PARL-eIls PARL-ent Elle PARL-eElles PARL-ent On PARL-e

8 -ER verbs So, you know now how to conjugate all regular – ER verbs, because they ALL follow the same pattern. What you need to remember is which ending corresponds with each personal pronoun: Je – eTu – esIl – e Elle – eOn – eNous – ons Vous – ezIls – entElles – ent

9 Conjugaison And what is a personal pronoun? Personal pronouns are pronouns used as substitutes for proper or common nouns. All known human languages have personal pronouns.

10 Personal Pronouns first-person singular (Je) first-person plural (Nous) first-person group (On) second-person singular (Tu) second-person plural (Vous) third-person singular human or (in)animate male (Il) third-person singular human or (in)animate female (Elle) third-person singular (Vous) third-person plural male (Ils) third-person plural female (Elles)

11 Personal Pronouns As you may notice, French has three different meanings for the English YOU: Tu (second-person singular INFORMAL) Vous (third-person singular FORMAL) Vous ( second-person plural )

12 Personal pronouns French also has a formal and informal forms for English WE: Nous (first-person plural FORMAL and STANDARD) On (first-person plural INFORMAL and common use)

13 -ER verbs Here again is the conjugation for the regular –ER verbs and its meanings PARL-ERto speak Stem: PARL Ending: ER Je PARL-esI speakNous PARL-onsWe speak Tu PARL-esYou speakVous PARL-ezYou speak Il PARL-eHe speaksIls PARL-entThey speak Elle PARL-eShe speaksElles PARL-entThey speak On PARL-eWe speak

14 -ER verbs And its pronunciation: PARL-ER [é]to speak Stem: PARL Ending: ER Je PARL-es Nous PARL-ons [on] Tu PARL-es Vous PARL-ez [é] Il PARL-e Elle PARL-e On PARL-e Ils PARL-ent Elles PARL-ent

15 Conjugaison DétesterAimer Stem: Détest-Stem: Aim- Ending: -erEnding: -er Je détesteJaime Tu détestesTu aimes Il détesteIl aime Nous détestonsNous aimons Vous détestezVous aimez Ils détestentIls aiment The elimination of the –e in JE is called élision

16 Conjugaison Prononciation Je détesteJaime [gem] Tu détestesTu aimes [ty em] Il détesteIl aime [ilem] Nous détestonsNous aimons [noozemon] Vous détestez [é]Vous aimez [voozemé] Ils détestentIls aiment [ilzem]

17 À toi… 1. Tex et Tammy, ils ______ à Austin. (habiter – to live) 2. Tammy ______ le français. (étudier – to study) 3. Je ______ un peu. (chanter – to sing) 4. J'______ la musique française. (adorer – to adore) 5. Nous ______ au foot. (jouer – to play) 6. Vous ______ la musique texane? (aimer – to like) 7. Quelle type de musique est-ce que tu ______? (aimer – to like) 8. Tammy ______ les sports. (détester – to dislike) 9. Joe-Bob ______ de la guitare. (jouer – to play) 10. Est-ce que tu ______ du piano? (jouer - to play) 11. Joe-Bob ______ son ami Corey. (chercher – to look for) 12. Tammy et Bette ______ la télévision. (regarder - to watch)

18 -IR verbs Look at the the conjugation of FINIR FIN-IRto end / to finish Stem: FIN Ending: IR Je FIN-isNous FINISS-ons Tu FIN-isVous FINISS-ez Il FIN-itIls FINISS-ent Elle FIN-itElles FINISS-ent On FIN-it What are their meanings?

19 -IR verbs Prononciation: FIN-IRto end / to finish Stem: FIN Ending: IR Je FIN-isNous FINISS-ons Tu FIN-isVous FINISS-ez [é] Il FIN-itIls FINISS-ent Elle FIN-itElles FINISS-ent On FIN-it

20 À toi… 1. Tex ______ beaucoup. (réfléchir – to think) 2. Les enfants de Rita ______. (grandir – to grow up) 3. Je ______ en hiver. (grossir – to gain weight) 4. Corey: Je ______ des amis pour manger une pizza. (réunir – to gather) 5. Les enfants de Rita: Nous ______ à notre mère. (obéir – to obey) 6. Joe-Bob et Corey ______ toujours leurs pizzas. (finir – to end / to finish) 7. Tu ______ trop (too much)! (réfléchir – to think) 8. Bette ______ parce qu'elle mange peu. (maigrir – to lose weight) 9. Tex ne ______ pas à Paul. (obéir – to obey) 10. Joe-Bob, pourquoi est-ce que tu ne ______ pas tes devoirs? (finir -to finish) 11. Édouard, vous ne ______ pas. (maigrir – to lose weight) 12. Fiona et Tammy, vous ______ toujours du vin blanc. (choisir – to choose)

21 LA FIN


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