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Learning patterns is a key to mastering the conjugating of French verbs. Conjugating in French step by step.

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Présentation au sujet: "Learning patterns is a key to mastering the conjugating of French verbs. Conjugating in French step by step."— Transcription de la présentation:

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2 Learning patterns is a key to mastering the conjugating of French verbs. Conjugating in French step by step

3 Regular or irregular? First, determine if the verb is irregular : First, determine if the verb is irregular : 1) Know which are the irregulars. 1) Know which are the irregulars. 2) They are usually common verbs 2) They are usually common verbs. unique (no pattern)study each one. 3) They are unique (no pattern) & you have to study each one. The good news about REGULAR verbs: The good news about REGULAR verbs: They only have one of three endings They only have one of three endings They follow a pattern. They follow a pattern.

4 I You You He, she, one He, she, one We We You You They They masculine & feminine Je Je Tu Tu Il, elle,on Il, elle,on Nous Nous Vous Vous Ils,elles Ils,elles Subject Pronouns Doesnt matter if the verb is regular or irregular: The pronouns are always in the same order.

5 Regular verbs: the pattern explained The infinitive of most verbs in French end in the letters ER. The infinitive of most verbs in French end in the letters ER. Lesser numbers end in the letters IR and RE. Lesser numbers end in the letters IR and RE. Most follow a regular pattern for each 'ending group above. Most follow a regular pattern for each 'ending group above. Exceptions to this pattern are called irregular verbs. So if you learn the regular patterns you will know the patterns for most verbs. So if you learn the regular patterns you will know the patterns for most verbs. To conjugate each verb in the present tense, the last two letters (ER, IR, RE) are dropped and a different ending is added for each pronoun (I, you, he, she, it, we, you all, they). To conjugate each verb in the present tense, the last two letters (ER, IR, RE) are dropped and a different ending is added for each pronoun (I, you, he, she, it, we, you all, they).

6 What Regular verb families do we know so far? Verbs of the ER family Verbs of the ER family jetuil, ellenousvousils, elles - e - es - e - ons - ez - ent e parle es parles e parle ons parlons ez parlez ent parlent

7 Parler Take the ER off and replace it by the following endings: E ES E ONS EZ ENT video & prononciation Parler video & prononciation Parler video & prononciation Parler video & prononciation Parler Je parle Je parle Tu parles Tu parles Il parle Il parle Elle parle Elle parle On parle On parle Nous parlons Nous parlons Vous parlez Vous parlez Ils parlent Ils parlent Elles parlent Elles parlent

8 Aimer Prononciation & video Aimer Prononciation & video Aimer Prononciation & video Aimer Prononciation & video Aimer Jaim e Jaim e Tu aim es Tu aim es Il, elle, on aim e Il, elle, on aim e Nous aim ons Nous aim ons Vous aim ez Vous aim ez Ils, elles aim ent Ils, elles aim ent

9 IR verbs Finir prononciation & video Finir prononciation & video Finir prononciation & video Finir prononciation & video Regular IR verbs follow the following pattern: Regular IR verbs follow the following pattern: IR are the most popular There are, however, a number of irregular IR verbs, and these are the most popular. S ortir P artir and D ormir are irregular IR verbs. (to go out), (to leave) and (to sleep). S ortir P artir and D ormir are irregular IR verbs. (to go out), (to leave) and (to sleep). Finir : To finish jetuil, ellenousvousils, elles - is - it - issons - issez - issent finis finit finissons finissez finissent

10 Verbs of the RE family Le verbe rendre vidéo & prononciation Le verbe rendre vidéo Exemple: Le verbe RENDRE (to return) Je rend s Tu rend s Il, elle, on rend Nous rend ons Vous rend ez Ils, elles rend ent Est-ce que tu rends tes livres à la bibliothèque?

11 è sounds like the e in ED or met. First, a few exceptions in the ER family! Note: è sounds like the e in ED or met. e Ach e ter (to buy) é Préf é rer (to prefer) è Jach è te è Tu ach è tes è Il, elle, on ach è te e Nous ach e tons e Vous ach e tez è Ils, elles ach è tent è Je préf è re è Tu préf è res è Il, elle, on préf è re é Nous préf é rons é Vous préf é rez è Ils, elles préf è rent

12 Two more exceptions in the ER family. ger Man ger (to eat) cer Commen cer (to begin) Je mange Tu manges Il, elle, on mange e Nous mang e ons Vous mangez Ils, elles mangent Je commence Tu commences Il, elle, on commence ç Nous commen ç ons Vous commencez Ils, elles commencent

13 Irregular verb Aller prononciation & video Aller prononciation & video Aller prononciation & video Aller prononciation & video Aller Je vais Je vais Tu vas Tu vas Il va He goes Il va He goes Elle va Elle va On va On va Nous allons Nous allons Vous allez Vous allez Ils vont Ils vont Elles vont Elles vont Note: Aller is the only big exception in the ER family. Note: Aller is the only big exception in the ER family.

14 Irregular verb Être Video & prononciation Video & prononciation Video & prononciation Video & prononciation La conjugaison du verbe être Je suis I am Tues Ilest Elleest Onest Noussommes Vousêtes Ilssont Ellessont

15 Irregular verb Avoir video & prononciation Avoir video & prononciation Avoir video & prononciation Avoir video & prononciation Avoir Jai Jai Tu as You have Tu as You have Il a Il a Elle a Elle a On a On a Nous avons Nous avons Vous avez Vous avez Ils ont Ils ont Elles ont Elles ont

16 video & prononciation Faire Le verbe faire (to do) Je fais Tu fais Il fait Elle fait She is doing On fait Nous faisons Vous faites Ils font Elles font video & prononciation Faire Le verbe faire (to do) Je fais Tu fais Il fait Elle fait She is doing On fait Nous faisons Vous faites Ils font Elles font video & prononciation Faire video & prononciation Faire


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