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Paris 30 novembre 2005 Infrastructures de recherche en Europe.

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Présentation au sujet: "Paris 30 novembre 2005 Infrastructures de recherche en Europe."— Transcription de la présentation:

1 Paris 30 novembre 2005 Infrastructures de recherche en Europe

2 Paris 30 novembre 2005 Plan 1. Définitions des infrastructures de recherche 2. Les infrastructures : un facteur déterminant 3. Schémas des programmes 4. Constats

3 Paris 30 novembre 2005 Définitions des infrastructures de recherche UE : Infrastructure de recherche se rapporte à des installations et à des ressources qui fournissent à la communauté de recherche des services essentiels, basés sur un ensemble déquipements, de techniques et de savoir-faire. Une définition distincte pour les très grandes infrastructures (TGI) et les très grands équipements (TGE).

4 Paris 30 novembre 2005 Définitions des infrastructures de recherche Les infrastructures de recherche peuvent être localisées sur un seul site (une ressource unique à un endroit unique) ou distribuées sur des sites multiples (réseau de ressources incluant les infrastructures du type darchitecture de la Grille (Grid-type architectures)) ou encore les infrastructures virtuelles (les services fournis électroniquement).

5 Paris 30 novembre 2005 Définitions des infrastructures de recherche Canada : Linfrastructure de recherche est composée de tous les équipements, les édifices et les installations nécessaires au démarrage de travaux de pointe et au développement de hautes technologies (incluant matériel, spécimens, logiciels, bases de données, liens de communication, installations nécessaires à leur utilisation et à leur entretien, logement). Fondation canadienne pour linnovation (FCI)

6 Paris 30 novembre 2005

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8 Les infrastructures : un facteur déterminant Pour : Lattractivité de nouveaux chercheurs et la rétention des chercheurs reconnus: pallier à lexode des cerveaux La complexité accrue de la recherche: à la fine pointe technologique La compétitivité de la recherche sur le plan national et international Le développement de la recherche: un moyen daugmenter la DIRD par PIB (objectif de 3 %).

9 UNION EUROPEENNE

10 Paris 30 novembre 2005 Support for Research Infrastructures in FP5 & FP6 (Mio Euro)

11 Paris 30 novembre 2005 MID-TERM REVIEW OF THE ACCESS TO LARGE-SCALE FACILITIES ACTIVITY Total budget of 118 Mio available. 92 Mio allocated providing access to 116 facilities in 18 different countries 2 Mio dedicated to 10 Concerted Actions (for management coordination and communication with users) 24 Mio to 24 RTD projects (aimed at improving the access at a facility) On average 2,000 researchers are being supported each year. TRAINING AND MOBILITY OF RESEARCHERS ( )

12 Paris 30 novembre 2005 Key recommendations Encourage the facilities to widen their user base with a larger geographic and disciplinary spread; New users by improving publicity and information to the potential user community; Peer review selection committee at each facility should include independent experts from different parts of Europe; Concerted Actions should be consolidated and strengthened; Fund RTD Projects that aim to improve the quantity/quality of the access to facilities and to publicize their results.

13 Paris 30 novembre 2005 February 2003, P. Papon, Chairman. IMPROVING THE HUMAN POTENTIAL ( ) Implementation of Transnational Access to Research Infrastructures 182 million 177 contracts for Transnational Access, 30 Networks 37 RTD.

14 Paris 30 novembre 2005 Mars 2002

15 Paris 30 novembre 2005 Distribution of users by discipline

16 Paris 30 novembre 2005 Distribution of first-time users by classes of infrastructure

17 Paris 30 novembre 2005 Duration of stay by users at infrastructures

18 Paris 30 novembre 2005 Improve geographic and disciplinary distribution of countries among users Specific user training as an objective, but always associated with research Catalytic role of networks in attracting new users. « I-3 » of FP6: Exchange of scientific and technical staff between infrastructures Coupling between RTD projects and access in FP6 through Redefinition of engineering and industrial infrastructures : more research projects, less testing or realisation of prototypes. purely service facilities, important for some disciplines (as social sciences and humanities for example), on the basis of uniqueness and contribution to research projects with a European dimension. Key recommendations

19 Paris 30 novembre 2005 EURAB Recommendations on Research Infrastructures Knowledge,needs and strategy. – periodic inventory survey of all existing RIs of large and mid-size. – periodic survey of the RI needs of the research community – periodic survey of new scientific-technological opportunities for new RIs, 2. ESFRI. 3. Funding and organisation schemes for new infrastructures: – develop advanced European instruments for variable-geometry realisation of RI. – financing models involving loan-based funding, public/private partnerships (EIB) – fields where Europe is or might be in a worldwide leading position should be given high consideration ITER

20 Paris 30 novembre 2005 Overall objective: to identify existing capacity of major Research Infrastructures in Europe and respective trends and developments The What existing RI and RI under construction (within the next 2 years) were invited to participate participating RI should provide essential services, be open to researchers (i.e. provide access to users) and normally represent a total cumulative investment of >20 Mio Questionnaire, made available, through a specific internet portal, to the scientific community and relevant stakeholders First round: 10 December January 2005 Survey of European Research Infrastructures

21 Paris 30 novembre 2005 AllReported to be ofII. and Total top-level relevanceinvestment for & having clearconstruction of RI European dimension> 20 Mio Existing RI RI under construction (within 2 years) Totals: I. II. III. REPLIES

22 Paris 30 novembre 2005 Existing RI reported to be of top-level relevance & having a clear European dimension and Total investment for construction of RI > 20 Mio and Total investment for construction of RI > 20 Mio

23 Paris 30 novembre 2005 RI reported to be of top-level relevance & having a clear European dimension and Total investment for construction of RI > 20 Mio RI reported to be of top-level relevance & having a clear European dimension and Total investment for construction of RI > 20 Mio

24 Paris 30 novembre 2005 Existing RI reported to be of top-level relevance & having a clear European dimension and Total investment for construction of RI > 20 Mio and Total investment for construction of RI > 20 Mio

25 Paris 30 novembre 2005 Existing RI reported to be of top-level relevance & having a clear European dimension and Total investment for construction of RI > 20 Mio and Total investment for construction of RI > 20 Mio

26 Paris 30 novembre 2005 Existing RI reported to be of top-level relevance & having a clear European dimension and Total investment for construction of RI > 20 Mio and Total investment for construction of RI > 20 Mio

27 Paris 30 novembre 2005 Existing RI reported to be of top-level relevance & having a clear European dimension and Total investment for construction of RI > 20 Mio and Total investment for construction of RI > 20 Mio

28 Paris 30 novembre 2005 The Role of ESFRI A neutral forum between Member States and the Commission to look at the chess board of opportunities under variable geometry conditions. Information sharing, tracking progress, creating roadmaps, providing advice to the Commission It is not a decision making body Restricted scope of analysis (not repeating the remit of other areas of EU activity).

29 Paris 30 novembre 2005 Constats Dans le monde, les pays investissent massivement dans les infrastructures de recherche Les budgets associés aux infrastructures dans le monde sont en hausse depuis 1999 La responsabilité du financement des infrastructures de recherche relève, pour la plus grande part, des gouvernements nationaux, (contributions de % nationale-locale).


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