2 La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb ConjugationSo what is conjugation? What does “conjugate” mean?In grammatical terms, it’s…Taking the regular form of the verb (such as: to have, to eat, to dance, to speak, etc) and changing it to agree with the subject of the verb (the person/object performing the action)Lost? Don’t you worry. We conjugate verbs in English every day! How???
3 La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb ConjugationWatch carefully as our verb repair specialty crew conjugates an English verb in the present tense.to beI am We areYou are You (pl) areHe/She is They are
4 La Conjugaison des Verbes Verb ConjugationDon’t they do excellent work? Here are some other familiar projects:to eatto danceI dance We danceYou dance You (pl) danceHe/She dances They danceI eat We eatYou eat You (pl) eatHe/She eats They eatIs it making sense yet? We change “to dance” to “dance” or “dances” depending on who we’re talking about (I, You, They). The same goes for “to eat.” Try a few on your own:
5 La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and AccessoriesIn order to be a successful verb conjugator, you will need to know the following 4 terms:Subject-The person or thing doing the action (je, vous, la télé)Infinitive-The verb by itself: danser, parler, inviter, regarderWhat others can you name?travaillerhabiterorganiserécouterchanterStem-The verb without the er: dans, parl, invit, regard
6 La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and AccessoriesAnd most importantly:Ending-The combination of letters that we put in place of the “er” that we dropped earlier. Each pronoun has it’s own ending to be used.Below is a chart that gives these endingsent [—]ez [eh]ons [ohn]e [—]es [—]Ils/ EllesIl/ ElleVousTuNousJe-ER Endings
7 La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and AccessoriesparlerjouerJeNousJeNousTuVousTuVousIl/ElleIls/EllesIl/ElleIls/ElleshabiteraimerJeNousJeNousTuVousTuVousIl/ElleIls/EllesIl/ElleIls/EllesGo to the next page to see how you did!
8 La Conjugaison des Verbes Parts and AccessoriesparlerjouerJe parleNous parlonsJe joueNous jouonsTu parlesVous parlezTu jouesVous jouezIl/Elle parleIls/Elles parlentIl/Elle joueIls/Elles jouenthabiteraimerJ’habiteNous habitonsJ’aimeNous aimonsTu habitesVous habitezTu aimesVous aimezIl/Elle habiteIls/Elles habitentIl/Elle aimeIls/Elles aimentHow did you do? Ready for a new twist?
9 Surveying the Foundation Parts ReviewSurveying the FoundationYou should know the following terms before proceeding:-conjugate-subject-infinitive-stem-endingRemember, when putting something together, it’s always better to have a strong foundation than a weak one. You want what you are making to last, right? Make sure your foundation is strong before you begin further building.
10 La Règle de TROISThe Rule of THREEMost conjugated forms of an ER verb sound the same (even though their spellings are different), so you only have to learn THREE pronunciations!1There are THREE “Special G” verbs that break the rules for conjugating the nous form:-nager -voyager -manger2Each conjugated form of an ER verb in the present tense has THREE meanings.3
11 TROIS Prononciations Three Pronunciations Most conjugated forms of an ER verb sound the same (even though their spellings are different), so you only have to learn THREE pronunciations!1
12 TROIS Prononciations How does it work? Three Pronunciations danser Je danse Nous dansonsTu danses Vous dansezIl/Elle danse Ils/Elles dansentTrois Pononciations!1. [dawnss] [dawnss-ohn] [dawnss-eh]How does it work?
13 TROIS Prononciations And then… Three Pronunciations When you take off the ending, or “la terminaison” (er), you get the stem, called “la racine.”The stem is pronounced just like it looks. It’s like saying the infinitive form without the ER sound at the end:Infinitive drop ER = Stem-étudier = étudi-inviter = invit-habiter = habitAnd then…
14 TROIS Prononciations Three Pronunciations Add the ending! Let's say each one out loud.entezonse (silent)es (silent)Ils/EllesIl/ ElleVousTuNousJe-ER EndingsNote that the first three have the same pronunciation.
15 Les verbes du “G” special Special G verbsThere are THREE “Special G” verbs that break the rules for conjugating the nous form:2
16 Les verbes du “G” special Special G verbsThese three “special G” verbs are:nagervoyagermangerThey are all three ER verbs with a “G” before the –er.
17 Les verbes du “G” special Special G verbsIls/Elles nagentIl/Elle nageVous nagezTu nagesNous nageonsJe nagenagerFor these “special G” verbs, the “Nous” form is different. What changes?Why? (think pronunciation)Ils/Elles voyagentIl/Elle voyageVous voyagezTu voyagesNous voyageonsJe voyagevoyagerIls/Elles mangentIl/Elle mangeVous mangezTu mangesNous mangeonsJe mangemangerSomething about the spelling has changed…
18 And the French would say… Les verbes du “G” specialSpecial G verbsSo what changes?-We’ve added an “e” between the “g” and “ons”forms (je, tu, nous, vous, etc) consistently.And if we didn’t?-We’d have: nagons [nah – gohn]voyagons [voy –a-gohn]mangon [mah –gohn]And the French would say…
19 Oh là là. Fermez les oreilles. [mahn-gohn]. Zut Oh là là! Fermez les oreilles!!! [mahn-gohn]??? Zut! C’est un massacre de la langue française! NON! NON! NON!!![nah-gohn]??? NON!!! C’est horrible! Quelle horreur!!!! Et [voy-a-gohn]?!? Quelle mauvaise prononciation!!!!
20 Les verbes du “G” special Special G verbsSo… in the interest of positive foreign relations, let’s remember:-The “NOUS” form is special for nager, voyager, and manger-In the “NOUS” form of these three verbs, we need to insert and “e” after the “g” to make the pronunciation sound niceSPECIAL “G” needs an “E” to sound “JOLI!” (pretty)3 pronunciations, 3 special “G” verbs, and now…
21 TROIS Sens Three Meanings Each conjugated form of an ER verb in the present tense has THREE meanings.3
22 TROIS Sens Three Meanings For example, let’s conjugate: voyager Je voyage Nous voyageonsTu voyages Vous voyagezIl/Elle voyage Ils/Elles voyagent“Je voyage” has three meanings: I travel, I am traveling, I do travel“Ils/Elles voyagent” has three meanings: They travel, they are traveling, and they do travel
23 TROIS Sens Three Meanings Need a few more examples? We play We are playingWe do playNous jouonsThey borrowThey are borrowingThey do borrowElles empruntentI winI am winningI do winJe gagne
24 http://www.quia.com/mc/66100.html (you may play several times) Practiquons!(Let's practice!)Visit the following sites and try to activities to test your newfound skills and knowledge:toes/index.htm (click on “Français, scroll down and select Present Tense, click on Regular –ER Verbs)(you may play several times)(scroll down towards the bottom, starting with “fill in the blanks”)Be sure to record your scores on the activity sheet!
25 Les Questions Fréquentes Frequently Asked QuestionsTechnical Questions:Why is the “e” missing in “Je” when I conjugate verbs like “aimer, habiter, écouter, inviter, etc.”If the stem begins with a vowel sound, you eliminate the “e” in “Je” and put an apostrophe in it’s place. For example: J’habite, J’aime, J’invite.