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Home page M 1 : Environnement global M 2 : Air, water, soil M 3 : Gestion des déchets M 4 : Analyse des risques M 5 : Prévention et protection du personnel.

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Présentation au sujet: "Home page M 1 : Environnement global M 2 : Air, water, soil M 3 : Gestion des déchets M 4 : Analyse des risques M 5 : Prévention et protection du personnel."— Transcription de la présentation:

1 Home page M 1 : Environnement global M 2 : Air, water, soil M 3 : Gestion des déchets M 4 : Analyse des risques M 5 : Prévention et protection du personnel M 6 : Prévention et protection du site M 7 : Capacité à réagir M 8 : Circulation dans lusine M 9 : Transport et stockage M 10 : Sûreté industrielle M 11 : Gestion de crise M 12 : Ouverture de magasin

2 Identify origin and spread, drive impact evaluation and limitations measures Session 1 : Pollutions origin and spread Session Session 2 : Pollution seriousness evaluation Session Session 3 : Impact réductions measures in a normal way M 1 : Environnement global M 2 : Air, water, soil M3 : Gestion des déchets M 4 : Analyse des risques M 5 : Prévention et protection du personnel M 6 : Prévention et protection du site M 7 : Capacité à réagir M 8 : Circulation dans lusine M 9 : Transport et stockage M 10 : Sûreté industrielle M 11 : Gestion de crise M 12 : Ouverture de magasin AIR, WATER, SOIL

3 Session 1: Pollutions origin and spread Session 2: Pollutions seriousness evaluation Session 3: Impact reductions measures in a normal way Identify origin and spread of pollution in three elements AIR WATER SOIL Potential pollutions sources cartography AIR, WATER, SOIL

4 We will use the concept of pollution for all activity, product of activity or spoil which can produce harmful effects for the neighbour area, or the environnement In this session, we will make a focus on the three main elements : air, water and soil Session 1: Pollutions origin and spread Definition AIR WATER SOIL Warning Garbage will not be deal in this part, they will be studied in Module 3 : « Garbage management » Definition AIR, WATER, SOIL

5 Dusts and Composés Organique Volatils (COV) Smells (solvents vapors) Noise (productions machines and trucks AIR SigmaKalons activities can involved an air contamination due to : Session 1: Pollutions origin and spread Definition AIR Dusts and s Smells Noise WATER SOIL AIR, WATER, SOIL

6 They are suspended in the air and come from the products used in the factory as the pigments in pouder or solvents. They spread themselves under the action of the air mouvements as the running air or phenomenous of convection the origin the spread To remediate to these troubles, we will act on Dusts and COV AIR Session 1: Pollutions origin and spread Definition AIR Dusts and s Smells Noise WATER SOIL AIR, WATER, SOIL

7 Only the solvents vapors, used in the process or in the equipment cleaning, are concerned Vapors occurs a pollution localised to the area of the factory Workers are exposed to these emanations at differents levels according to their activity in the factory Smells AIR Session 1: Pollutions origin and spread Definition AIR Dusts and s Smells Noise WATER SOIL AIR, WATER, SOIL

8 It spreads in the air in all directions from its source origin, by controlling : -the number of noises sources -the intensity of the noise of each source the spread by soundproofing the factory or by destroying the wave of noise by another wave (in phasis opposition) We could act on 2 characteristics Noise AIR Session 1: Pollutions origin and spread Definition AIR Dusts and s Smells Noise WATER SOIL AIR, WATER, SOIL

9 the use of chemical products in the process the cleaning of the production equipment by water which carries the paint remnants (minerals, organics or metalics pigments, carbonates, kaolins, solvents and varied additives…) the leak of chemical products in the environment the streaming of raining water on a ground soiled by chemicals products WATER Origin of the pollution is due to Session 1: Pollutions origin and spread Definition AIR WATER Origin spread SOIL AIR, WATER, SOIL

10 Spread Water can carry pollutants far away from their emission place by gravity flooding on the natural slope of the site. It will finish sooner or later to contaminate rivers and soil WATER Schéma de la propagation de la pollution par le vecteur eau et son cycle naturel Session 1: Pollutions origin and spread Definition AIR WATER Origin spread SOIL AIR, WATER, SOIL

11 storage of products production storage of finished products Passage of trucks SOIL Origin of the pollution The potential origin of pollution is varied. The most probable is due to the leak of chemical products on naked area where there is : Session 1: Pollutions origin and spread Definition AIR WATER Origin spread SOIL AIR, WATER, SOIL

12 Spread of the pollution In the ground, spread occurs by seepage of liquid pollutants removed by gravity Pollutants can be products pure or polluted raining water. So, the phenomenous of pollution is quite the same to the ones of water. (cf. lien avec liste de paramètres à prendre en compte) Water is the main pollution vector The spread of pollution contaminate watertable used for : agriculture Human water supplies Session 1: Pollutions origin and spread Definition AIR WATER Origin spread SOIL AIR, WATER, SOIL

13 Pollutants seepage occurs more or less rapidly according to their nature (viscosity) and to the type of ground (components, size of this components) Session 1: Pollutions origin and spread Definition AIR WATER SOIL Origin spread SOIL AIR, WATER, SOIL

14 Knowledge evaluation on Hot potatoes software Evaluation Main points Exercice AIR, WATER, SOIL

15 Main points : The three elements which can be affected by SigmaKalons activities are air, water and soil Spread occurs thanks to the mecanism of natural cycles of water and soil. It affects near environnement Water is really vulnérable according to its natural cycle : rain, ruissellement and concentration in streams Soil is vulnérable because it concentrates pollutants locally because it accumulates it and can become stérile Pollution can occur by direct contact between the elements and pollutants or indirectly by entry in natural cycles The consequences of a pollution can be felt at big scale of time and space Evaluation Main points Exercice AIR, WATER, SOIL

16 Practical session : CPotential pollutions, equipments and sewage nets cartography From a general map of the site which represents only the parcelle and the buildings, we will add the On partira dune carte générale du site Cette carte est un schéma vierge où ne figure que : - La parcelle de terrain appartenant à SigmaKalon - Lemplacement des bâtiments Le travail consiste, à partir dun relevé sur le terrain, de plans (sils existent) ou de toute autre source dinformation, de représenter : les réseaux dévacuation deau usée les réseaux internes (station dépuration, zone de rétention,…) les sources potentielles de pollution (stockage, machine bruyante,…) toute source de nuisance identifiée dans cette séance Evaluation Points essentiels Exercices pratiques AIR, WATER, SOIL

17 Cette cartographie permettra de mettre en évidence et de repérer géographiquement les points sensibles du site en matière de pollution Elle sera loutil de base pour les démarches des séances suivantes (cf. Module 2 séance 2 Evaluer et mesurer la criticité des pollutions et Module 11 Gestion de crise) La carte ainsi réalisée sera envoyée à la BU de Sigma Kalon Evaluation Points essentiels Exercices pratiques AIR, WATER, SOIL


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