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Le subjonctif The subjunctive mood Moods There are 3 moods in language There are 3 moods in language INDICATIVE: This is used to state facts where there.

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Présentation au sujet: "Le subjonctif The subjunctive mood Moods There are 3 moods in language There are 3 moods in language INDICATIVE: This is used to state facts where there."— Transcription de la présentation:

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2 Le subjonctif The subjunctive mood

3 Moods There are 3 moods in language There are 3 moods in language INDICATIVE: This is used to state facts where there is no uncertainty in the mind of the speaker INDICATIVE: This is used to state facts where there is no uncertainty in the mind of the speaker IMPERATIVE: Giving orders and commands IMPERATIVE: Giving orders and commands SUBJUNCTIVE: Stating ideas, possibilities and wishes that might not necessarily happen SUBJUNCTIVE: Stating ideas, possibilities and wishes that might not necessarily happen

4 The Subjunctive mood The subjunctive has almost completely disappeared from the English language The subjunctive has almost completely disappeared from the English language If I were you If I were you May the force be with you! May the force be with you! Long live the King! Long live the King! However, in French, the subjunctive is very much still alive, particularly in the Present Tense. However, in French, the subjunctive is very much still alive, particularly in the Present Tense.

5 The Subjunctive continued The subjunctive has present, imperfect and conditional forms. The subjunctive has present, imperfect and conditional forms. The imperfect and conditional are confined to written language and then often to the third person. The imperfect and conditional are confined to written language and then often to the third person. The present must however be learned thoroughly!! The present must however be learned thoroughly!!

6 Subjunctive - formation Fortunately the subjunctive is easy to form Fortunately the subjunctive is easy to form You must first write down the ‘ils’ form of the present tense You must first write down the ‘ils’ form of the present tense You then take off the –ent from the end You then take off the –ent from the end To this stem you add the appropriate endings for each subject To this stem you add the appropriate endings for each subject

7 Formation – endings e.g. for the verb ‘jouer’ ils jouent Je jou Je jou Tujou Tujou Iljou Iljou Ellejou Ellejou Noujou Noujou Vousjou Vousjou Ilsjou Ilsjou Ellesjou Ellesjouentententententententent -es -e -ions -iez -ent -e

8 Formation – Practice Write the correct present tense subjunctive forms of the following verbs Je (manger) Je (manger) Tu (rester) Tu (rester) Il (finir) Il (finir) Elle (vendre) Elle (vendre) Nous (partir) Nous (partir) Vous (boire) Vous (boire) Ils (craindre) Ils (craindre) Elles (venir) Elles (venir) Je mange Tu restes Il finisse Elle vende Nous partions Vous boiviez Ils craignent Elles viennent

9 Subjunctive - summary Work out the ils forme.g. ils viennent Take off the –ente.g. vienn Add the correct endinge.g. je vienne e.g. nous viennions

10 Subjunctive - Exceptions Inevitably, there are some very important exceptions that need to be learned! Inevitably, there are some very important exceptions that need to be learned! There are seven common exceptions on the following pages. There are seven common exceptions on the following pages. There is no rule to know how to conjugate the verbs. There is no rule to know how to conjugate the verbs.

11 Exceptions - 1 être – to be être – to be je sois je sois tu sois tu sois il soit il soit elle soit elle soit nous soyons nous soyons vous soyez vous soyez ils soient ils soient elles soient elles soient avoir – to have avoir – to have j’aie j’aie tu aies tu aies il ait il ait elle ait elle ait nous ayons nous ayons vous ayez vous ayez ils aient ils aient elles aient elles aient

12 Exceptions - 2 aller – to go aller – to go j’aille j’aille tu ailles tu ailles il aille il aille elle aille elle aille nous allions nous allions vous alliez vous alliez ils aillent ils aillent elles aillent elles aillent vouloir – to want vouloir – to want je veuille je veuille tu veuilles tu veuilles il veuille il veuille elle veuille elle veuille nous voulions nous voulions vous vouliez vous vouliez ils veuillent ils veuillent elles veuillent elles veuillent

13 Exceptions - 3 The following exceptions have the same endings as for the regular forms but have different stems The following exceptions have the same endings as for the regular forms but have different stems faireto dofass- faireto dofass- pouvoirto be able topuiss- pouvoirto be able topuiss- savoirto knowsach- savoirto knowsach-

14 Practice – 2 Write the correct subjunctive forms Je (savoir) Je (savoir) Tu (vouloir) Tu (vouloir) Il (avoir) Il (avoir) Elle (pouvoir) Elle (pouvoir) Nous (être) Nous (être) Vous (aller) Vous (aller) Ils (savoir) Ils (savoir) Elles (pouvoir) Elles (pouvoir) Je sache Je sache Tu veuilles Tu veuilles Il ait Il ait Elle puisse Elle puisse Nous soyons Nous soyons Vous alliez Vous alliez Ils sachent Ils sachent Elles puissent Elles puissent

15 Subjunctive - Use The subjunctive is used … …after certain conjunctions …after certain verbs The word ‘que’ is often a trigger for the subjunctive mood (BUT NOT ALWAYS)

16 After certain conjunctions bien que / quoiquealthough… pour que / afin queso that… avant quebefore… jusqu’à ce queuntil… sans quewithout… pourvu queprovided that… à condition queon condition that… à moins queunless… quoi quewhatever… où quewherever…

17 After certain verbs wanting, wishing, desiring, requesting, demanding, feeling je suis content que…I am happy that… je suis surpris que…I am surprised that… je veux que…I want… je regrette que…I am sorry that… je demande que…I ask that… je m’étonne que…I am astonished that…

18 after certain verbs etc. after verbs expressing fear J’ai peur queI am frightened that… Je crains queI fear that…

19 After certain verbs expressing personal opinion the subjunctive is only required when the verb is used in the negative form!! je ne crois pas que…I don’t believe that… je ne dis pas que…I am not saying that… je n’espère pas que…I don’t hope that… Je ne pense pas que…I don’t think that…

20 Impersonal verbs These are useful phrases that are always followed by the subjunctive Il faut que…It is necessary that… Il se peut que…It is possible that… Il importe que…It is important that… Il est regrettable que…It is regrettable that… Il est (im)possible que…It is (im)possible that… Il est improbable que…It is unlikely that… Il semble que…It seems that… Il est douteux que…It is doubtful that…

21 Subjunctive – practice 3 translate the following It is necessary that one is a realist… although you are right… Whatever he says… Before they arrive… I want you to know… It is regrettable that she is ill …unless we are able to leave… I don’t believe you want to do that.

22 Practice 3 answers Il faut qu’on soit réaliste bien que vous ayez raison quoi qu’il dise avant qu’ils arrivent Je veux que vous sachiez Il est regrettable qu’elle soit malade à moins que nous puissions partir Je ne crois pas que vous vouliez faire ça!

23 Some important points to consider Although it may appear complicated the subjunctive is nothing to be feared Although it may appear complicated the subjunctive is nothing to be feared You have survived five years of French without needing it You have survived five years of French without needing it It is very simple to form in the present tense if you follow the rules and note the 7 exceptions It is very simple to form in the present tense if you follow the rules and note the 7 exceptions There are lots of structures that trigger the infinitive but you are unlikely to ever use even half of them in your AS studies There are lots of structures that trigger the infinitive but you are unlikely to ever use even half of them in your AS studies It is a good idea to learn a few conjunctions and verbal phrases that use subjunctive to show off in your exam. It is a good idea to learn a few conjunctions and verbal phrases that use subjunctive to show off in your exam. Try learning the subjunctive in set phrases like those in the previous exercises. Try learning the subjunctive in set phrases like those in the previous exercises. Don’t panic! Don’t panic!


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