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Think global Act local A viable Canadian solution for the safe disposal of spent nuclear fuel ? NWMO mandate Securad mission Building awareness Securad.

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Présentation au sujet: "Think global Act local A viable Canadian solution for the safe disposal of spent nuclear fuel ? NWMO mandate Securad mission Building awareness Securad."— Transcription de la présentation:

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2 Think global Act local

3 A viable Canadian solution for the safe disposal of spent nuclear fuel ? NWMO mandate Securad mission Building awareness Securad Objectives Reverse Mining Sustainability Key success factors Siting

4 Safe, secure, sustainable! Nuclear Waste Management Organization (NWMO) mandate for the disposal of spent nuclear fuel Protect human health and the environment and make it as safe as possible from harm, now and in the future Allow Canadians to accept responsibility as creators of spent nuclear fuel and put in place a long term management approach, including a plan that is flexible enough to adopt to changes in nuclear fuel management as new technology becomes available Recognize that the nuclear industry does not have all the answers for spent fuel management today, and that Canadians need to invest in more research and expand global cooperation to develop other and possibly better ways to manage used nuclear fuel.

5 Safe, secure, sustainable! Securad is proposing......that this irradiated fuel be safely stored and monitored at a depth of approximately 300 metres in massive Archean rocks (Cambrian or Precambrian)… out of reach of the food chain, safe from sea level variations, on an uninhabited site… accessible by sea, either in Quebecs Lower North Shore or in the Labrador-Newfoundland area. This site will be managed like a highly automated reverse mining operation, with real-time monitoring and an opportunity to reuse or recycle the uranium in the future as new technologies permit.

6 Safe, secure, sustainable! A Safe, Secure, Sustainable Solution for the Monitored Retrievable Disposal (MRD) of civilian spent nuclear fuel...with minimised impact and optimal mitigation on natural and social environment

7 The Securad Mission Provide Canadian utilities with a sound solution for the safe disposal of spent fuel, in a reasonable time frame.Provide Canadian utilities with a sound solution for the safe disposal of spent fuel, in a reasonable time frame. Develop the project in agreement with the Canadian Nuclear Waste Management Organization (NWMO) jurisdiction and Canadian governmental prioritiesDevelop the project in agreement with the Canadian Nuclear Waste Management Organization (NWMO) jurisdiction and Canadian governmental priorities Investigate the economical and political feasibility of possibly hosting Canadian-originated fuel currently used by foreign utilitiesInvestigate the economical and political feasibility of possibly hosting Canadian-originated fuel currently used by foreign utilities Instructions: Supprimez les exemples d'icônes de document et remplacez-les par les icônes des documents de travail, comme suit : Créez un document dans Word. Revenez dans PowerPoint. Dans le menu Insertion, cliquez sur Objet. Cliquez sur Objet existant. Dans la zone Fichier, recherchez le nom du fichier. Assurez-vous que la case à cocher Afficher sous forme d'icône est activée. Cliquez sur OK. Sélectionnez une icône. Dans le menu Diaporama, cliquez sur Paramètres des actions. Cliquez sur Action OLE, puis sur Modifier. Cliquez sur OK.

8 Safe, secure, sustainable! The Securad Objectives 1. Identify Canadian sites acceptable for storing irradiated Canadian uranium clusters from civilian nuclear electric power plants. 2. Develop awareness and participation among people living near the sites to be supportive of the issues raised. 3. Gather expertise in order to obtain the necessary permits in view of the environmental impact studies and the specific characterization of each site. 4. Recruit highly qualified professionals, use the most dependable technologies in carrying out the Project and be completely transparent in delivering such information to all interested parties. 5. Encourage all interested parties to take part in the development and completion of the Project. 6. Build, own and operate a highly secure, monitored storage site in conjunction with the authorities responsible for public security in Canada, together with the most highly renowned scientists and engineers in this field 7 Re-invest in new technologies for the reuse and recycling of spent fuel.

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10 Safe, secure, sustainable! Reverse mining The site will be as secure 10,000 years from now as it is today The site must be safe and closely monitored, and remain totally secure even if monitoring is interrupted (Monitored Retrievable Disposal) Access to the galleries through a ramp, intercepted by a passive evacuation channel (by means of gravity) for storm or ground water, will eliminate the need for permanent active pumping of the storage galleries The entrance to the galleries themselves, located more than 50 metres above sea level, will guarantee that they will remain watertight even if the oceans rise to maximum levels following a melting of the polar icecaps.

11 Safe, secure, sustainable! Sustainability A safe facility for all future generations, over a period of time that far exceeds the life span of any prior civilization known to us. Access to tunnels has to exceed the maximum seashore height if polar caps were to melt. A passive (gravity) evacuation system (without manned pumping) for intruding ground surface or ocean water will prevent water in the galleries. Securad is considering building a gigantic Inukshook on the surface to let future generations know about some the presence of the facility below. In a MRD facility the stored fuel is constantly monitored, but the site remains safe under interruption of monitoring for every reason (epidemics, wars, catastrophy...). Uranium can be recycled, after some time, should the price of fissible fuel reach a competitive level.

12 Safe, secure, sustainable! Key Success Factors Site must be located in an extremely stable geological environment (ancient, stable non-seismic), with no water circulation at depths over 150 meters Site must be accessible by navigable waterways and be suited to average-sized port installations Site must be suited to the most stringent security measures over a broad perimeter Site must be devoid of human habitation over an area of 100 square kilometres Surrounding Native communities must be actively involved as supporters

13 Safe, secure, sustainable! Key Success Factors Development plan must embrace environmental groups and seek supportive public opinion in the host Province One alternative site must be chosen in addition to the proposed site Project must recruit a high-level interdisciplinary team including public policy, communications, public relations, social science practitioners, engineers, specialists in aboriginal and government relations and specialists in complex environmental impact and project management Transfer and conditioning of irradiated fuel must be conducted in compliance with the highest established international standards.

14 Safe, secure, sustainable! Key success factors Extremely stable bedrock (archean, non-seismic environment)Extremely stable bedrock (archean, non-seismic environment) Minimisation of water at storage depth (over 1000 feet deep)Minimisation of water at storage depth (over 1000 feet deep) Access by sea (no road or railroad transportation of spent fuel)Access by sea (no road or railroad transportation of spent fuel) High security standards (possible implementation)High security standards (possible implementation) No inhabitants (100 square miles clearance around the site)No inhabitants (100 square miles clearance around the site) Involvement of local First Nation ( ownership, siting and operation)Involvement of local First Nation ( ownership, siting and operation) Alternative siting (in two different provinces)Alternative siting (in two different provinces) Real-time monitoring of actual waste storage (full retrievability)Real-time monitoring of actual waste storage (full retrievability) Safe disposal for over 10,000 yearsSafe disposal for over 10,000 years Potential public acceptance of suggested MRD sitesPotential public acceptance of suggested MRD sites Instructions: Supprimez les exemples d'icônes de document et remplacez-les par les icônes des documents de travail, comme suit : Créez un document dans Word. Revenez dans PowerPoint. Dans le menu Insertion, cliquez sur Objet. Cliquez sur Objet existant. Dans la zone Fichier, recherchez le nom du fichier. Assurez-vous que la case à cocher Afficher sous forme d'icône est activée. Cliquez sur OK. Sélectionnez une icône. Dans le menu Diaporama, cliquez sur Paramètres des actions. Cliquez sur Action OLE, puis sur Modifier. Cliquez sur OK.

15 Safe, secure, sustainable! Siting the project Securad identified a dozen potential sites in massive, stable, archean anorthosite or granite bedrockSecurad identified a dozen potential sites in massive, stable, archean anorthosite or granite bedrock Two best sites meeting key success factors have been identified aerial views availableTwo best sites meeting key success factors have been identified aerial views available Discussions with some major engineering companies for feasibility studyDiscussions with some major engineering companies for feasibility study Possible agreement with the traditional people living in the areaPossible agreement with the traditional people living in the area Project proposal, or work agreements, with the Nuclear Waste Management OrganizationProject proposal, or work agreements, with the Nuclear Waste Management Organization Instructions: Supprimez les exemples d'icônes de document et remplacez-les par les icônes des documents de travail, comme suit : Créez un document dans Word. Revenez dans PowerPoint. Dans le menu Insertion, cliquez sur Objet. Cliquez sur Objet existant. Dans la zone Fichier, recherchez le nom du fichier. Assurez-vous que la case à cocher Afficher sous forme d'icône est activée. Cliquez sur OK. Sélectionnez une icône. Dans le menu Diaporama, cliquez sur Paramètres des actions. Cliquez sur Action OLE, puis sur Modifier. Cliquez sur OK.

16 Geological map of the siting area Massivearcheananorthosite or granite

17 Safe, secure, sustainable! Development steps Identify 2 geologically and socially acceptable sitesDONEIdentify 2 geologically and socially acceptable sitesDONE Ensure acceptance of site by local people AdvancedEnsure acceptance of site by local people Advanced Involve First Nations in project development AdvancedInvolve First Nations in project development Advanced Bring strategic partners on board AdvancedBring strategic partners on board Advanced Present a qualifying project to NWMOPresent a qualifying project to NWMO Site characterization - Environmental Impact Study - HearingsSite characterization - Environmental Impact Study - Hearings Building and operating the MRD FacilityBuilding and operating the MRD Facility Instructions: Supprimez les exemples d'icônes de document et remplacez-les par les icônes des documents de travail, comme suit : Créez un document dans Word. Revenez dans PowerPoint. Dans le menu Insertion, cliquez sur Objet. Cliquez sur Objet existant. Dans la zone Fichier, recherchez le nom du fichier. Assurez-vous que la case à cocher Afficher sous forme d'icône est activée. Cliquez sur OK. Sélectionnez une icône. Dans le menu Diaporama, cliquez sur Paramètres des actions. Cliquez sur Action OLE, puis sur Modifier. Cliquez sur OK.

18 Safe, secure, sustainable! Why Securad? The Securad concept is a permanent solution for Canadian spent fuel and will keep the door open for future recycling, or alternative disposalThe Securad concept is a permanent solution for Canadian spent fuel and will keep the door open for future recycling, or alternative disposal Canada must not leave to future generations the disposal of nuclear fuel actually spent by todays generations; Securad is now ready to go forwardCanada must not leave to future generations the disposal of nuclear fuel actually spent by todays generations; Securad is now ready to go forward Securad has been working with a prominent First Nation for several years, paving the road and advancing decisively on the acceptance of its optimal MRD siteSecurad has been working with a prominent First Nation for several years, paving the road and advancing decisively on the acceptance of its optimal MRD site

19 Safe, secure, sustainable! Conclusion Securad is ready to provide the NWMO with a sound solution for the safe Monitored Retrievable Disposal of Canadian spent nuclear fuel in a reasonable time frame, consistent with Canadas international commitment for sustainable developmentSecurad is ready to provide the NWMO with a sound solution for the safe Monitored Retrievable Disposal of Canadian spent nuclear fuel in a reasonable time frame, consistent with Canadas international commitment for sustainable development Securad has a seven-year track record of strong and trusting relations with the First Nation closest to the two selected MRD areasSecurad has a seven-year track record of strong and trusting relations with the First Nation closest to the two selected MRD areas Securad looks forward to its cooperation with NWMO and welcomes its suggestions and initiatives in that respectSecurad looks forward to its cooperation with NWMO and welcomes its suggestions and initiatives in that respect

20 Safe, secure, sustainable! Recent situation 22 nuclear power plants in Canada; 131 in USA; 441 worldwide No safe disposal facility in operation today Surface (interim) storage loosely protected; risks of terrorism, plane crashes or natural catastrophies (earthquakes, etc.) Significant step in Canada: Creation of the Nuclear Waste Management Organisation (Nov 2002) Instructions: Supprimez les exemples d'icônes de document et remplacez-les par les icônes des documents de travail, comme suit : Créez un document dans Word. Revenez dans PowerPoint. Dans le menu Insertion, cliquez sur Objet. Cliquez sur Objet existant. Dans la zone Fichier, recherchez le nom du fichier. Assurez-vous que la case à cocher Afficher sous forme d'icône est activée. Cliquez sur OK. Sélectionnez une icône. Dans le menu Diaporama, cliquez sur Paramètres des actions. Cliquez sur Action OLE, puis sur Modifier. Cliquez sur OK.

21 Safe, secure, sustainable! The Securad Solution A Canadian private corporation with a unique solution - Monitored Retrievable Disposal (MRD) - to manage the spent nuclear fuel surface inventory of all Canadian civilian nuclear reactorsA Canadian private corporation with a unique solution - Monitored Retrievable Disposal (MRD) - to manage the spent nuclear fuel surface inventory of all Canadian civilian nuclear reactors Wide scientific acceptance over disposal of spent fuel in stable archean bedrock as the best and safest solution for this and future generationsWide scientific acceptance over disposal of spent fuel in stable archean bedrock as the best and safest solution for this and future generations A disposal facility can be built out of the available $ per kilowatt-hour produced in Canada. Substantial benefits can be further derived from future power plants in Canada, or from Canadian fuel supplied to foreign utilitiesA disposal facility can be built out of the available $ per kilowatt-hour produced in Canada. Substantial benefits can be further derived from future power plants in Canada, or from Canadian fuel supplied to foreign utilities Exceptional sites identified in Quebec and Labrador, in close collaboration with Native authoritiesExceptional sites identified in Quebec and Labrador, in close collaboration with Native authorities Instructions: Supprimez les exemples d'icônes de document et remplacez-les par les icônes des documents de travail, comme suit : Créez un document dans Word. Revenez dans PowerPoint. Dans le menu Insertion, cliquez sur Objet. Cliquez sur Objet existant. Dans la zone Fichier, recherchez le nom du fichier. Assurez-vous que la case à cocher Afficher sous forme d'icône est activée. Cliquez sur OK. Sélectionnez une icône. Dans le menu Diaporama, cliquez sur Paramètres des actions. Cliquez sur Action OLE, puis sur Modifier. Cliquez sur OK.

22 Safe, secure, sustainable! Time frame Feasibility studies & awareness1-2 yearsFeasibility studies & awareness1-2 years Environmental study / public hearings:1 yearEnvironmental study / public hearings:1 year Site characterization / construction:2 yearsSite characterization / construction:2 years Operation40 years +Operation40 years + Instructions: Supprimez les exemples d'icônes de document et remplacez-les par les icônes des documents de travail, comme suit : Créez un document dans Word. Revenez dans PowerPoint. Dans le menu Insertion, cliquez sur Objet. Cliquez sur Objet existant. Dans la zone Fichier, recherchez le nom du fichier. Assurez-vous que la case à cocher Afficher sous forme d'icône est activée. Cliquez sur OK. Sélectionnez une icône. Dans le menu Diaporama, cliquez sur Paramètres des actions. Cliquez sur Action OLE, puis sur Modifier. Cliquez sur OK.


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