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8th Washington group Assessing the consequences of chronic diseases on functional health Emmanuelle Cambois INED Resarch Unit « Mortality, Health, epidemiology.

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1 8th Washington group Assessing the consequences of chronic diseases on functional health Emmanuelle Cambois INED Resarch Unit « Mortality, Health, epidemiology »

2 Functional Limitations Sensory & physical Activity restrictions Disability Potentially disabling diseases difficulty to see, walk, grip, to see, to ear, to bend… Operationalization of the conceptual framework Cambois E, Robine JM. Revue de littérature sur les instruments de mesure des limitations fonctionnelles : approches en population générale et auprès de patients. Rapport intermédiaire à la Direction Générale de la Santé. Déc 2005, 43p

3 Functional Limitations Sensory & physical Activity restrictions Disability Potentially disabling diseases Difficulty with personal care activities, chore activities, work... difficulty to see, walk, grip, to see, to ear, to bend… Operationalization of the conceptual framework Cambois E, Robine JM. Revue de littérature sur les instruments de mesure des limitations fonctionnelles : approches en population générale et auprès de patients. Rapport intermédiaire à la Direction Générale de la Santé. Déc 2005, 43p Disability: various perceptions, various experiences, various needs Functional limitations: sensory and physical Self-reported work / domestic / personal care activities

4 tumeursendocrin.tr. mentauxsyst nerveuxœilapp. auditifcardiaquescérébrovasc.artèressyst. resp.ostéoartic.traumadivers Tumeurs Endocri- niennes Men- tales Système nerveux Œil Appareil auditif Cardia- ques Cérébro- vasculaires Artères Respi- ratoires Ostéo- articulaires Trauma- tismes Divers Restrictions d'activité seulement Limitations et restrictions d'activité Limitations fonctionnelles (résiduelles) seulement 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Diseases and disability Functional limitations (23%) et activity restrictions ADL, IADL, work (17,5%)

5 ? Method Logistic regression (controlled for age, sex and any other potentially disabling condition) 1.Diseases and various disability experiences : Work/household/personal care activity restrictions Personal care

6 … and other factors Model From diseases to activity restriction Treatments Psychological distress Social recognition Of disability Pains

7 Method Logistic regression (controlled for age, sex and any other potentially disabling condition) 1.Diseases and various disability experiences : Work/household/personal care activity restrictions Personal care 2.Factors: diseases and Work/household/personal care activity restrictions Functional limitations FL + High numb visit to hospital or physicians FL + Bad SPH FL + Adm disability status FL + Pain FL + High numb vivits + bad SPH + adm status.

8 The other factors of activity restriction

9 StrabismBlindnessDeafness Eyes and auditory system 0,00 1,00 2,00 3,00 4,00 5,00 6,00 7,00 8,00 9,00 10,00 11,00 12,00 Nervous system LF LF+traitement LF+SP LF+reconn LF+douleur LF+SP+reconn+trait Modèle brut LF LF+traitement LF+SP LF+reconn LF+douleur LF+SP+reconn+trait Modèle brut LF LF+traitement LF+SP LF+reconn LF+douleur LF+SP+reconn+trait EpilepsyOther nervous syst diseases Modèle brut Disabling nerv. diseases 2. Factors: some examples Odds ratios Activity restrictions

10 Mental conditions Respiratory system 2. Factors: some examples

11 Diseases et disability experiences No disability (missing functional limitations / non-disabling diseases) Functional limitations only (non-malignan cancer, auditarory problems other than deafness…) Activity restrictions explained by body function alterations : overweight, deafness, traumas … and side factors : circulatory and respiratory diseases (traitments, bad perceived health), mainly amoung the younger ages (< 50 years old)

12 ?? Diseases et disability experiences Activity restrictions that are not totally explained by our variables : degenerative diseases, diabetes, osteo-articualr, malformations… Activity restrictions that are not explained by FL (mainly amoung the youngest) : Strabism, skin diseases to which our side factors contribute… cancers, epilepsy which remain largelly unexplained Diseases are some time evolutive and may go through these different types of experiences

13 Summary Different disability experiences Some appear to be more self-perceived / other more visible (mental diseases, malformations, disabling nervous diseases) Different « causes » for these experiences Explained by the associated functional limitations (weight problems, deafness, some traumas…) Explained by functional limitations and co-factors (circulatory and respiratory diseases) / only parlty explained (disabl nerv. syst diseases, diabetes, osteo, dysformations…) Explained by co-factors only (strabism, skin diseases) / only partly explained (some cancers, epilepsy) Possibility to describe each disease, regarding the disability experience and its determinants


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